AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is the staple food of 40 percent human population across the globe and requires adequate supply of nutrients especially nitrogen for its growth and yield. Therefore, an investigation entitled “Effect of nutrient management in wheat for improving fertilizer use efficiency, productivity and soil health” was conducted to sustain and enhance the productivity and soil health through novel sources of nutrients and their mode of applications on wheat variety DBW 71 with 14 treatments consisting of control, basal applications of recommended NPK(80:60:40)/NPK Granules (200 kg ha-1) + FYM (5 t ha-1) + Bio-stimulant granules ( 62.5 kg ha-1) +NPK Bio-fertilizer(seed treatment) and top dressing of urea 20 (kg ha-1)/ bio-stimulant(625ml/ha)/ NPK Powder (1%) sprays (40/55/70 DAS) in various combinations in RBD with 3 replications at crop research centre of SVPUA&T, Meerut (U.P.) during rabi 2017-19.The soil was well drained sandy loam, low in organic carbon and available nitrogen, medium in available phosphorus and potassium with slightly alkaline pH. The results of the study revealed that wheat when grown with incorporation of FYM +Bio-stimulant –L attainted significantly better growth as reflected by higher plant population, taller plants, higher LAI, LAD CGR,RGR,NAR, and higher dry matter accumulation across the stages. Application of FYM@ 5t/ha+NPK-G@200kg/ha + NPK-bio-fertilizer + Urea @ 20kg/ha and foliar spray of NPK-P @ 1% along with bio-stimulant-L@ 625 ml/ha (T-14) resulted in maximum accumulation of dry matter @ 151g/m1 at harvest in comparison to recommended NPK, while it remained at par with nutrient management practice involving application of FYM@ 5t/ha+NPK-G@200kg/ha + NPK-bio-fertilizer and foliar spray of NPK-P @ 1% along with bio-stimulant-L@ 625 ml/ha (T-13) and FYM @5t/ha +NPK 200kg/ha + NPK-bio-fertilizer + Urea@ 20 kg/ha each as basal &40 DAS + Bio-stimulant-L @ 625ml/ha (T-12) upto 90 DAS and at harvest stages. Thus, the wheat crop grown with application of FYM@ 5t/ha+NPK-G@200kg/ha + NPK-bio-fertilizer + Urea @ 20kg/ha and foliar spray of NPK-P @ 1% along with bio-stimulant-L@ 625 ml/ha had attained better growth (plant height, dry matter accumulation, LAI,LAD,CGR,RGR and NAR. Significantly improved the protein content and protein yield.
The purpose of this study was to look into the nature of seed dormancy variation in distinct maturity groups, such as early, medium, and late duration varieties. During kharif 2017, the field experiment was conducted with 54 rice varieties which were released by the Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology (O.U.A.T), Bhubaneswar and the National Rice Research Institute (N.R.R.I), Cuttack. The number of days required from the day of harvest to achieve 50 percent (DG50) and 80 percent (DG80) germination, as determined by probit analysis, which was used to evaluate the duration of dormancy. In seed biology, probit analysis is used to describe how seed germination progresses over time in response to environmental conditions (e.g. temperature, season etc). The DG50 and DG80 of the varieties ranged from 1 to 60 days and 4 to 79 days, respectively. The variety Khandagiri had the minimum dormancy period of 4 days, while the varieties CR Dhan 506 and CR Dhan 508 had the maximum of 79 days. The percentage of non-germinated seeds on harvest day (NGH0) and 7 days following harvest (NGH7) were used to determine the intensity of dormancy. The NGH0 and NGH7 ranged from 0.67% to 100% and 49.34% to 99%, respectively. Varietal variations in dormancy duration and intensity were indicated in these ranges. The majority of early varieties had a short dormancy period with low intensity, whereas the majority of mid to late varieties had a long dormancy period with high intensity. Dormancy duration and intensity had a strong positive relationship, and both had a strong positive relationship with days to flowering and days to maturity. Several late varieties were observed to have the highest seed dormancy, suggesting that they could be utilised as donors for transferring dormancy to other early varieties to avoid yield losses caused by viviparous germination.
To explore the application of traditional machine learning model in the intelligent management of pigs, in this paper, the influence of LDA pre-treatment on pig face identification with RF is studied. By testing method, the parameter of two testing schemes, one adopting RF alone and the other adopting RF+LDA, were determined to be the same value, the split quality function should be gini, and the number of decision trees should be 65. With individual identification tests carried out on 10 pigs respectively, although the accuracy rate has decreased slightly, the training time and test time have been reduced to 8.1% and 75% of the old scheme, and the operational efficiency of the optimized scheme has been significantly improved. It indicates that LDA pre-treatment had a positive effect on improving the efficiency of individual pig identification with RF. It provides experimental support for the mobile terminals and embedded application of RF classifiers.
The core objective of present article is to identify the restraining factors affects the stand-up phase of food processing entrepreneurship and on the basis of outcomes reflected an integrated strategic model developed to strengthen the stimulation in entrepreneurship. For this purpose, 160 entrepreneurs engaged in Micro, small and medium units were selected from four industrially sound districts of Haryana. As being prominent agrarian state in India, food processing entrepreneurship was considerd the most favourable venture to stand-up. Data was collected personally through interview schedule. Analysis was done to understand the severity of percieved factors based on weighted mean score obtained and ranked them accordingly. Unhealthy economic situation in rural areas; heavy government taxes and poor implementation of schemes; ambiguity in selection of product were identified as highly serious factors whereas technically unsound, low awareness political unwill and untrained youth were few serious factors responsible for restraining entery to food processing entrepreneurship. The seriousness of the factors was based on computed Z score. On the basis of estimated outcomes, expert opinion and reviewed literature, a strategic model has framed to ensure the integrated efforts of all stakeholders associated with the development of entrepreneurship in the state.
On isolation, from diseased plants, the associated pathogen was identified as Fusarium solani and its pathogenicity was confirmed on susceptible cultivar RGC 197 by seed, soil and seed-cum-soil inoculations under artificially inoculated conditions. Comparative efficacy of fungicides by poison food technique shows that only carbendazim and carbendazim + mancozeb both fungicides gave complete inhibition of mycelial growth at 200 and 300 ppm while Fosetyl aluminium + Fluopicolide was found least effective at all concentration. Similarly the antagonistic activity of six biocontrol agents was tested by dual culture technique and results revealed that the maximum inhibition of mycelial growth (85.20%) was recorded by Trichoderma harzianum while theminimum was by Bacillus subtillis (64.00%). Among five plant extracts, Neem was found most effective in inhibiting mycelial growth (56, 78 and 80%) while Datura (40.00, 60.00 and 61.00%) were found least effective.