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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Perceived impact of climate change on paddy farming in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-02-12-2022-11855

This study examined the perceived impact of climate change among Paddy farmers in Nagapattinam district of Tamil Nadu state in India. Among the 38 districts of Tamil Nadu, Nagapattinam district was selected to conduct the present study. This is situated in coastal area and very often subjected to natural calamities which were mainly reflected on the paddy cultivation to the worst status. Data for the study were collected from 200 respondents in the study area by adopting simple random sampling technique. The study revealed that the economic fluctuations was highly perceived (0.92) by the respondents when compare to all other impacts of climate change. In addition, the climate change impact on crop nature (0.702), soil (0.689), water (0.706), agro climate status (0.755) were also perceived by the respondents. Decreased crop yield (2.915) and decreased annual income from paddy crop (2.870) were secured high mean score under the criteria of economic fluctuations. Climate change is perceived as a serious threat to paddy eco systems. Changing rainfall pattern might lead to the reduction of water in streams, rivers, water bodies and likely to result in high deposition of salt concentration in the water bodies. As per perceived impact index analysis, crop destruction and decreased annual income from paddy crop were experienced by majority of the respondents due to climate change. Hence, identification and popularization of alternative cropping system in the study area would help the affected farmers to cope with adverse climatic condition. Further, in order to improve the organic carbon content of the soil the importance of organic manures, vermiculture, biofertilizers, biopesticides has to be popularized for conserving soil fertility.

Substantial Contrariety on Gross Nutritional Profile of Ungerminated and Germinated Vignaaconitifolia

Paper ID- AMA-02-12-2022-11854

The present study investigates about the nutritional profile of Indian variety (TN 27) Vigna aconitifolia (ungerminated and germinated). The research involves determination of Proximate composition, Moisture, Ash, pH, Vitamin, Mineral composition, Total amino acids, total polyphenols, flavonoids, phytochemical composition and Antioxidant activity by DPPH and FRAP. It was proven that fat content of germinated V.aconitifolia flour was lower than the ungerminated V.aconitifolia flour. The investigator reported that the protein content of ungerminated V.aconitifolia flour was little bit high when compared to germinated V.aconitifolia flour and the total ash, Carbohydrate and energy value was quite lower than the germinated V.aconitifolia flour. The moisture content of germinated V.aconitifolia flour was equally higher than the ungerminated one. There is a compact difference on total ash content. Except zinc all other minerals which include calcium, potassium, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Copper, manganese and sodium was increased in germinated V.aconitifolia when compared to ungerminated V.aconitifolia flour. It was denuded that germinated V.aconitifolia flour was higher in vitamin A, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin and vitamin C. when compared to germinated V.aconitifolia flour there was no such difference noted in the middle of the germinated and ungerminated flour was observed on total amino acid content. There was around 30% increase in the value of phenolic content and 17% increase in flavonoid content of germinated V.aconitifolia when compared to ungerminated V.aconitifolia. Radical scavenging activity of both ungerminated and germinated V.aconitifolia resembles the same level. There was no significance difference between both the legumes in their antioxidant activity. The activity value of both ungerminated and germinated V.aconitifolia was 4.02 and 4.28(DPPH); and 1.22 and 1.34 (FRAP) respectively. Phytochemical analysis evolves Tannic acid and Phytic acid content of ungerminated V.aconitifolia flour was reduced by 0.03g when it was subjected to germination and there was reduction of 0.232 g and 0.22g in the content of trypsin inhibitor and saponin was observed.

The Mechanisation of Crop Cultivation leading to Food Security in China

Paper ID- AMA-02-12-2022-11853

In recent years, global food security has worsened due to serial vital issues such as global warming, global food supply chain disruption by the pandemic, military conflicts hampered global food access from major food supplier such as Russian and Ukraine. This paper is to study if development of mechanisation can promote crop cultivation so as to ensure food security. This paper uses panel data from twenty-seven (27) provinces (townships, cities, and districts) in China from 1978 to 2018 and engages a linear mixed model to study the impact of agricultural mechanisation in China on cultivated land with staple crops. The research results obtained are as follows: First, the mechanisation rate for crops has a significant positive impact on the proportion of cultivated areas with staple crops; second, the growth in the mechanisation rate has a substantial effect on the proportion of corn grown areas; third, the mechanisation rate has a significant effect on the proportion of regions cultivated for staple crops show more substantial impact in terrains (the eastern and central areas of the country), and the flatter the terrain, the more significant the impact.

Evaluation of Antioxidant Activity of Mulberry Fruits

Paper ID- AMA-02-12-2022-11852

Mulberry is a multipurpose fruit and it’s gaining importance as its in house of health promoting bio compounds viz., anthocyanins, phloridzin, quercetin, chlorogenic acid, resveratrol and rutin. The pharmaceutical and nutraceutical properties of mulberry fruits led to the investigations on the antioxidant activity of mulberry fruits to find promising natural anti oxidants. Though, the mulberry fruit is rich in variety of functional components, it is not sufficiently investigated. However, limited studies are reported on the antioxidant activity. Hence, the present investigation was made on antioxidant activity of mulberry fruits viz., DPPH radical scavenging activity, ABTS Radical scavenging activity and FRAP Radical scavenging activity. Different concentrations viz., 10, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100µg/ml of fruits extracts of MR2 and G4 variety were used for the study. The results indicated that mulberry fruit extract possess higher antioxidant activity than standard which could be exploited for commercial natural antioxidants in food, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries.

Fortification of cooking oil with carotene extracted and encapsulated from papaya

Paper ID- AMA-02-12-2022-11851

Multiple micronutrient deficiencies are rampant in India, and continue to be significant public health problems, which adversely impact the health and productivity of all the population groups. More than 57% of children suffer from vitamin A deficiency, which may be symptomatic or present at the sub-clinical level. As per Household Consumer Expenditure (HCE) Survey in India, NSSO report 2011, consumption of oil is reasonably high, about 20-30g / person / day and is consumed by all population groups. Since vitamin A and D are fat-soluble vitamins, fortification of edible oils and fats with vitamin A and D is a good strategy to address micronutrient malnutrition and fortified oil is known to provide 25%-30% of the recommended dietary allowances for vitamins A&D. Papaya is a common man’s fruit reasonably priced and has a high nutritional value. Papaya has more carotene, a precursor of vitamin A compared to other fruits. Hence the present study focuses on extraction of carotene, encapsulation of papaya from carotene and fortification in edible oils to address the micro nutrient malnutrition. The study indicated that the most efficient method of extraction of β carotene from papaya is by Cold extraction method using food grade hexane as the solvent.