AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Interventional Pulmonology (middletown, de.)
A total of 93 allele was amplified with Each primer thus produced on an average 5.16 polymorphic bands and The number of alleles per locus ranged from 2 to 11. The polymorphism index content (PIC) value varied from 0.17 to 0.805 with an average of 0.680. SSR markers performed well in the detection of genetic diversity and maintaining wheat genetic diversity can be recommended for future wheat improvement program. Genomic DNA was extracted from different 33 thirty three wheat genotypes using CTAB procedure using 18 SSR markers primers. SSR molecular markers performed well for detection of genetic diversity, and amplified Matrix similarity of genotypes was calculated by using NTSYSpc.2.1 with Sanh-clustering using the UPGMA (Unweighted Paired Group Method Using Arithmetic Averages) method. The main aim of current study were to Dissecting of the genetic polymorphism, level of genetic diversity, genetic relationship, selection of efficient highly diverse parents, maintenance of germplasm, identification of putative and informativeness SSR markers can be recommended for developing road map for efficient selection and future crop improvement program.
The occurrence of weeds and the shape of the planting are two of the most important factors affecting fennel performance in limited irrigation conditions of semi–arid ecologies. Adoption of weed management practices under different plant rectangularity may lead towards achieving higher productivity with system sustainability. A two–year field experiment was conducted at semi–arid climatic conditions of Rajasthan in the rabi season of 2016–2018 to investigate the response of fennel crop to weed management practices under different planting geometry. The twenty four treatment combinations, comprising four plant rectangularity viz. 50 x 20 cm, 50 x 25 cm, 60 x 15 cm and 60 x 20 cm with six weed management practices viz. weedy check, two HW at 25 and 50 DAS, pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg/ha (PE), oxadiargyl @ 75 g/ha (PE), pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg/ha (PE) + one HW at 30 DAS and oxadiargyl @ 75 g/ha (PE) + one HW at 30 DAS. These treatments were replicated thrice in split spot design and analyzed. Result illustrated that significantly (p <0.05) highest seed yield (22.13 q/ha), straw yield (74.46 q/ha) and biological yield (96.59 q/ha) were recorded in plant rectangularity60 x 20 cm over plant rectangularity’s 50 x 25 cm, 50 x 20 cm and 60 x 15 cm. Similarly, respective nutrient content and their uptake in plant samples were increase under plant rectangularity 60 x 20 cm. Among the weed management practices, HW twice at 25 and 50 DAS significantly (p <0.05) improved the yield, nutrient content and their uptake by fennel followed by pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg/ha (PE) + one HW at 30 DAS, oxadiargyl @ 75 g/ha (PE) + one HW at 30 DAS and pendimethalin @ 0.75 kg/ha (PE) and proved superior over pre-emergence application of oxadiargyl @ 75 g/ha and weedy check.
A field experiment was conducted at the Rajasthan Agricultural Research Institute, Durgapura, Jaipur during two consecutive kharif seasons of 2019 and 2020. The experiment comprises two pearl millet varieties (RHB-173 and RHB-177), transplanting shock preventing methods (No treatment, Triacontanol @ 0.25 ml/litre, Triacontanol @ 0.50 ml/litre and Leaf clipping) and three dates of transplanting (15th June–30th June, 1st July–15th July and 16th–31st July) were replicated thrice in factorial randomized block design. Pearl millet cultivar RHB-173 recorded significantly higher grain yield over RHB-177 during each year of investigation. Among the transplanting shock preventing methods, triacontanol @ 0.50 ml/litre recorded significantly higher plant population at 20 DAT and at harvest with greater seedling vigour index I & II at 20 DAT and grain yield over no treatment and leaf clipping, however, it was found at par with triacontanol @ 0.25 ml/litre. The crop transplanted during 1st July–15th July recorded significantly higher plant population at 20 DAT and at Harvest and seedling vigour index I & II at 20 DAT with higher grain yield as compared crop transplanted during 15th June–30th June, but it was found at par with later transplanted crop (16th July–31st July).
This paper deals with the investigation of modified boost converter with improved voltage gain for automotive audio amplifiers. A new battery powered modified boost converter consisting of two phases used in automotive audio amplifier is presented. The first phase uses a conventional boost converter and the second phase uses its inverted structure. By the proposed technique, a high voltage gain is obtained compared to the conventional boost converter. A 120W circuit is designed with an input voltage of 12V and duty cycle of 0.67 to achieve an output voltage of 60V. The converter achieves voltage gain of five, conversion efficiency of 98.4% and the full load efficiency of 91.35%. A new type of class D amplifier is presented and analyzed. Class D amplifier has high efficiency and used when high audio frequency and low power consumption is required. Simulation of the amplifier for an input voltage of 60V to achieve an output voltage of 62V is presented. A simulation study of the proposed converter and full bridge class D amplifier is carried out in MATLAB/SIMULINK. The performance parameters such as Voltage gain Voltage stress of the switches Inductor current ripple Switching and conduction losses Efficiency Comparison of operation in CCM/DCM are computed and the results are compared with the conventional boost converter circuit. To regulate the output voltage closed loop average voltage and current control is implemented. A hardware prototype of the modified boost converter and full bridge class D amplifier circuit is built to validate the simulation results.
A field experiment was conducted during the winter season of 2015-16 at the student’s instructional farm of Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, to find a suitable combination of chemical and organic nutritional sources for wheat (Triticum aestivm L.). The experiment was conducted under a split-plot design with three replications, treatments comprising of two irrigation levels (I1- CRI, Booting and Milking stages and I2- CRI, Maximum Tillering, Booting and Milking stages) in main plots, two varieties (K 402 and K 1006) in sub-plots and four fertility levels (F₁ - 100% RDF, F₂ - 50% RDF + 5t FYM, F₃ - 50% RDF + 50% RDN, F₄ - 50% RDF + 50% RDN + 5t FYM) in sub-plots. Application of 50%RDF + 50% RDN + 5t FYM recorded signification higher growth and yield parameters, grain (5.22 Mg ha-1) and straw yield (7.39 Mg ha-1) of wheat. The net income (70,270 Rs ha-1) and benefit: cost ratio (1:2.5), irrigation water use (54.4 cm ha-1) and water use efficiency (9.6 kg ha-1mm) were also highest with 50%RDF + 50% RDN + 5t FYM followed by 50% RDF + 5t FYM. However, variety K-1006 performed better than k-402 with all treatment combinations.