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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin Dalian Haishi Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Dalian Maritime University

Submission Deadline
02 Mar 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 03 )
Upcoming Publication
29 Feb 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 02 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Oxidative Stress Biomarkers could be used an aid to Assess the Effectiveness of the Therapy for Open Cervix Pyometra in Canine

Paper ID- AMA-12-07-2023-12415

The present study was conducted in eighteen bitches aged between 2 and 6 years brought to Madras Veterinary College Teaching Hospital, Chennai and diagnosed with open cervix pyometra. Group I (n=6) bitches were treated with Cloprostenol @ 5 µg/kg bwt SC and cabergoline @ 5 µg/kg bwt orally once daily for 7 days. Group II (n=6) bitches were treated Dinoprost tromethamine intravaginally in to the vaginal lumen at the dose rate of 150 µg/kg bwt for 7 days. Group III (n=6) bitches were treated surgically by ovariohysterectomy. Group IV (n=6) served as healthy control group. Serum samples were collected from all bitches at weekly intervals and serum levels of oxidative stress markers (Superoxide dismutase, Glutathione peroxidase, Catalase, Thiobarbituric acid reactive substances) were analysed using ELISA method. Results showed reduced levels of antioxidant enzymes and elevated levels of lipid peroxidation metabolite (TBARS) in all the treatment groups. Oxidative stress was reduced by 3 weeks in all treatment groups. Hence, it was concluded that pyometra produces predominant oxidative stress and surgical treatment of pyometra reduced oxidative stress to much better extent when compared to medical treatment.

Multivariate Analysis of Morpho-physiological Traits In Advance Lines of Bread Wheat

Paper ID- AMA-11-07-2023-12414

Awareness of genetic diversity in wheat is crucial for the selection of parental genotypes that could yield heterotic combinations. So, the purpose of this study is to assess the genetic diversity of forty wheat advance lines chosen from diverse geographic regions. Field experimentation was carried out at Wheat and barley Section, Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CCS HAU, Hisar during Rabi, 2019-20 with three replications. The data were recorded for 15 different morpho-physiological parameters. The results revealed that first seven PCs with Eigen values >1 contributed to 75.54 % of the variance among genotypes. Among these PC1 contributes to the greatest variation (23.39%) followed by PC2 (12.10%) and PC3 (10.83%). Maximum positive component loading towards PC1 was contributed by NDVI, SL/S, ET/m, G/S, DH and DM. Maximum number of positive component loading for PC2 was contributed by HI, TGW and GY/P. Cluster analysis divides the experimental material into five major clusters with cluster Ⅱ, Ⅲ and Ⅳ possessed nine genotypes in each. Higher inter-cluster distance was observed than intra-cluster distance. The maximum intra-cluster distance was observed in cluster Ⅲ (49.83) and the maximum inter cluster distance was observed between cluster Ⅰ and cluster V (88.22). Based on current study, it can be suggested that the important morpho-physiological traits could serve as effective phenotypic markers for the selection of high-yielding wheat varieties, while the genotypes from clusters I and V with the most diverse parents could be used in the hybridization programme to develop the most promising hybrids.

Green synthesis of copper nanoparticles mediating Curcuma caesia Roxb. leaf extract and assessment of its antifungal activity against Colletotrichum capsici

Paper ID- AMA-10-07-2023-12408

The copper nanoparticles were synthesized using the leaf extract of black turmeric (Curcuma caesia Roxb.) and were characterized using UV-VIS spectrophotometer, DLS, NTA, SEM, and FTIR. The biosynthesized CuNPs showed an SPR peak in the range of 225-230 nm. The NTA results revealed the size of CuNPs to range from 100 to 200 nm. DLS measurements showed CuNPs synthesized at 300C reaction temperature produced NPs of size 116.8 nm and had a zeta potential of -21.7 mV. SEM studies revealed the morphology of copper nanoparticles as irregular rod-like structures arranged in a flower-like pattern. FT-IR analysis confirmed the presence of functional groups, viz., OH, C-H, N-H, C-N, and C=C, which triggered reduction of copper ions to CuNPs. The CuNPs showed antifungal activity against Colletotrichum capsici and showed maximum growth inhibition (63.93%) at 500 ppm concentration. The mode of action of CuNPs against the fungal pathogen was divulged by NBT staining, quantification of MDA, leakage of intracellular components, antioxidant enzymes and light microscopy. The results confirmed the generation of ROS, causing membrane lipid peroxidation, leakage of intracellular components, causing distortion and death of the fungus. The field experiment reported that CuNP successfully reduced the disease severity of leaf spot of turmeric. The treatment T6 (Rhizome treatment with CuNPs @ 100 ppm and foliar spray with CuNPs @ 100 ppm, thrice at 21 days interval) showed lowest disease severity (34.4 %) with maximum yield (20.98 t/ha). Thus, results from this study provides alternative solution for management of leaf spot of turmeric.

Quantitative Evaluation of Soil Quality Based on Soil Nutrients and Physico-chemical Characteristics of Soils in Kandi District of Punjab

Paper ID- AMA-10-07-2023-12407

Kandi regions are dominated by different soil types varying in fertility status due to soil erosion owing to undulating topographical features. For assessment of soil nutrient status of study area, the soil sampling was conducted to investigate the variation in macro nutrient, micronutrient and physicochemical characteristics of soil. Soil sampling were carried out in three tehsils of SAS Nagar with three different types of soil, viz., Sandy loam, Silt loam and Loam soil. A total 105 soil samples were collected from surface soil (0-15 cm) for analysis. The results reported that the soils slightly acidic to slightly alkaline (5.9 to 8.5) in the whole range. Organic carbon (OC) was found to be varying from low to very high (0.18 to 0.78 %). Phosphorus and sulphur were significantly found Silt loam soil. DTPA-extractable Fe, Mn and Cu were found to be dominant concentration in all soils whereas the deficiency of Zn was found under all existing soil types. Interestingly, OC have also significant positive correlation with Nitrogen (r = 0.353), Sulphur (r = 0.212), Zinc (r = 0.257) and Iron (r = 0.327). Soil quality based on principal component analysis reported Fe, Cu, Mn, EC and K are major dominating parameters to be considered of soil in Kandi region.

Validation of Ethno Veterinary Medicines Used for Retained Placenta Treatment in Cattle

Paper ID- AMA-09-07-2023-12405

Ethnoveterinary medicines play a significant role in traditional dairy farming practices. Ethnoveterinary medicines are often used by traditional dairy farmers to manage various aspects of animal health. There is every possibility of extinction of traditional knowledge in rural areas. Hence it is the need of the hour to document the prevailing traditional knowledge of various ailments of cattle. One such ailment is retained placenta. A survey was conducted with 40 representative farmers who were practicing ethno veterinary medicines to treat retained placenta were selected purposefully from 4 districts of Tamil Nadu in India to validate the different ethnoveterinary medicines used to treat retained placenta in cattle and also comparing the present ITKs with the Modern Veterinary drugs for treatment of retained placenta in cattle. A sample of 40 farmers were interviewed through structured interview schedule to document the ITK’s used for treatment of retained placenta. The six ITKs for the retained placenta condition were subjected to validation test through the QuIK (Quantification of Indigenous Technical Knowledge) method. All the ITKs were found to be effective against retained placenta. However, these were perceived to be comparatively less effective than the Modern Veterinary Drug (MVD) in numbers of animals cured and quickness of healing. The indigenous practices were perceived better than MVD in respect of their availability, lesser side effects and lower cost.