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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Economic Analysis of Marketing Margins of Roadside Marketers of Agricultural Produce along Major Highways in Osun State, Nigeria

Paper ID- AMA-10-05-2023-12253

The study carried out the economic analysis of marketing margins of roadside marketers of agricultural produce along major highways in Osun State. It also sought to determine the factors that affect their gross margins. A total of one hundred forty (140) roadside marketers' primary data were gathered utilising a pre-tested interview schedule that was given to each of thirty-five (35) respondents in four distinct locations. Descriptive statistics, gross margin model, and multiple regression model were used to analyse the data collected. The majority of roadside marketers (85.7%) were under 50, married (87.9%), had at least a primary school education (85%), and had less than 10 years of marketing experience (56.4%), according to the research. The roadside marketers were selling commodities which included palm oil, yam, plantain, cocoyam, banana, pineapple, snails, honey and others with the dominant commodities being plantain (77.1%), yam (64.3%) and palm oil (56.4%). The average gross margin of the roadside marketers was estimated at ₦25, 312.90 per month The coefficients of age, educational level and the starting capital of the roadside marketers were found to be significant at 5% (P<0.05) and had the expected signs while the coefficients of the total sales, purchase cost and consumer price were significant at 1% (P<0.01) level of probability and also had the expected signs. Roadside marketing is profitable, according to the study's findings, and it is advised that this strategy be investigated and updated by the Nigerian policymakers.

Evaluation of Genetic diversity in pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) germplasm using Principal Component Analysis

Paper ID- AMA-09-05-2023-12251

Principal component analysis was performed to determine the pattern of genetic diversity in 45 redgram genotypes using nine morphological and phenological characters. The largest variation was observed for seed yield per plant with coefficient of variation of 76.65% followed by number of pods per plant (74.98), number of branches (30.27) and plant height (26.93). The least variation was observed in days to maturity with coefficient of variation of 11.17%. Principal component analysis extracted three components contributing to around 76.55% of total variability among nine characters. Principal component 1 had the contribution from the traits such as days to 50 % flowering, plant height, seed yield per plant and number of pods per plant which accounted to 36.47 % of the total variability. The principal component 2 explained 24.36 % of total variability from number of seeds per pod, pod length, number of branches and 100 seed weight. Number of pod per plant, days to maturity and seed yield per plant had contributed 15.72% of total variability in principal component 3. Thus the results of principal component analysis used in the study had revealed the high level of genetic variation and the traits controlling for the variation were identified. Hence, these entries can be utilized for trait improvement in breeding programs for the traits contributing for major variation. Correlation analysis revealed that Number of pods per plant had highly significant and positive association with seed yield per plant. Cluster analysis depicted two clusters and identified the groups of cultivars those were more closely related.

Studies on Quality Evaluation of Protein Enriched Bamboo Shoot Flour Cookies

Paper ID- AMA-09-05-2023-12249

Bamboo is one such plant popularly known for its industrial uses but the consumption of young shoots as food remains neglected. Present study focused on the use of bamboo shoots flour for the production of baked goods owing to their enormous health benefits. Formulations were developed with different proportions of refined wheat flour, Bamboo shoot flour and Sprouted soya bean flour in the ratios T0100% Refined Wheat Flour (100 %), T1 40%Refined Wheat Flour: Bamboo shoots flour, Sprouted Soy Bean Flour (40:40:20), T2 Refined Wheat Flour: Bamboo shoots flour : Sprouted Soy Bean Flour; (50:30:20)and T3 Refined Wheat Flour: Bamboo shoots flour : Sprouted Soy Bean Flour; (50:40:10) respectively. The physical characteristics of the prepared cookies varied with the variation in the proportion of individual flours in the different blends. The cookies weight ranged from 10.62g to 11.14g with cookies that contained the highest percentage of bamboo shoots (T3) having the least weight while cookies with the least percentage of bamboo shoots flour(T1). The diameter and thickness of the produced cookies ranged from 44.62 to 4.89 (cm) and from 1.33 to 1.45(cm) respectively. The moisture content was ranged from 5.73 to 6.58. The control (T0) had the high moisture content 5.73% on the initial day of analysis. At the end of the storage period (45 days) the moisture content was lower in T2 (6.02 %) sample. Initially the protein content was ranged from 7 to 9 % of control and 24 to 26.5 % in T2 samples. Initially the fat content maintained from 29 to 32 per cent. The T2 had the highest fat content 32 per cent on the initial day of analysis and the T1 control treatment had the minimum fat content of 29 per cent. Initially the total carbohydrate content was ranged from 40 to 43 per cent. In control sample The T2had the lowest total carbohydrate content (26.12%) at the end of 45 days of storage the total carbohydrate content was slightly decreased. The initial crude fiber content was maintained from 2.74 to 3.3 per cent. The T2 had the highest crude fiber content 3.5% on the initial day of analysis and the T0 control treatment had the minimum crude fiber content of 2.74%. The free fatty acid content of bamboo shoot cookies ranged from 0.12 to 0.32%. The sensory evaluation for colour, flavor, taste texture and overall acceptability were high in cookies. The microbial load viz., total plate count, yeast and mould count of bamboo shoot flour cookies was Below Detectable Level (BDL) on 0 day (initial) of storage period. At the end of the 45 days of storage, the bamboo shoot flour cookies showed high in total plate count (8 cfu/ml) of T1 sample when compared to T12 sample .So storage study of the bamboo shoot flour cookies was acceptable for 45 days.

Bio-efficacy of insecticides on six spotted ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata (Linnaeus) in brinjal crop

Paper ID- AMA-09-05-2023-12247

The coccinellids, Coccinella septempunctata L. is a very important bio-agent against soft bodied insects for many crops. The conservation of this predator in IPM approaches required knowledge of the toxicity and the effectiveness of insecticides on their biological characters. In the present study, the efficacy of the six insecticides (Spinosad 45EC, Emamectin benzoate 5 SG, Indoxacarb 14.5 SC, Quinalphos 25 EC, Profenophos 50 EC and Lambda-cyhalothrin 5EC), one microbial insecticide (Bacillus thuringiensis) and one botanical insecticide (Neem oil 1500ppm) on the mortality, developmental time and consumption These studies were conducted at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India, during the Zaid seasons of the year 2019 and 2020. The pe-treatment and post treatment observations were taken on the basis of population of C. septempunctata present in the brinjal crop. The observations were taken in seventh and fourteenth days after spraying. Data generated in the year 2019 that C. septempunctata population per five plants of brinjal was highest recorded in untreated plot than the plot treated with Bacillus thuriengiensis, which was followed by neem oil treatment i.e. 6.67 (both 7 and 14 Days After Spraying), 4.67 (7 DAS), 4.00 (14 DAS), 4.00 (7DAS) and 3.67 (14DAS), respectively. All new molecules of insecticides were found to be significantly recorded lower population of C. septempunctata. Same observations were also taken in zaid season of year 2020, we observed the same trade as previously recorded in the year 2019.

Integrated approach for weed management in groundnut

Paper ID- AMA-08-05-2023-12246

Studies conducted at Regional Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Vridhachalam, TamilNadu during rabi/summer 2016-17, 2017-18 and 2018-19 revealed the integration of herbicides with cultural method to contain weeds in groundnut under rice-groundnut system. Among the various herbicides tested, application of Pendimethalin 30% EC @ 1.50 kg a.i/ha followed by (fb) one hand weeding at 25 DAS recorded higher pod yield of 2443 kg/ha over rest of the herbicide combination treatments. The other treatments viz., pendimethalin 30% EC @ 1.5 kg a.i/ha fb Imazethpyr 10% S.L @ 75 g a.i/ha produced pod yield of 2212 kg/ha followed by pendimethalin 30% EC @ 1.50 kg a.i/ha fb quizalopfop ethyl 5 % E.C @ 50 g a.i/ha which gave 2171 kg/ha. All the treatment combinations were found on par with each other and significantly superior over control in terms of pod yield. The weed control efficiency was also higher (91 %) with application of pendimethalin 30% EC @ 1.50 kg a.i/ha fb one hand weeding at 25 DAS. The net return and benefit cost ratio was also higher with the same treatment i.e.application of pendimethalin 30% EC @ 1.50 kg a.i/ha fb one hand weeding at 25 DAS worked out with higher BCR (2.38).