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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Effect of Garlic Aqueous Extract On Lead Acetate- Induced Developmental Neurotoxicity in Zebrafish Model

Paper ID- AMA-08-05-2024-13033

The toxic heavy metal lead is non-biodegradable and accumulates through the food chain which can cause hazardous effects to livestock and human health. The zebrafish that has recently attained a pre-eminent position in biomedical research is considered an ideal model for assessing the developmental toxicity. Garlic, Allium sativum L. has been used widely for treating various diseases. Hence in this study, the effect of garlic aqueous extract on lead acetate induced developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos/larvae was assessed. Normally dividing 5 hpf (hours post-fertilization) embryos were allotted into different groups, in six well plates. Two control groups were used one with plain embryo water and the other with garlic aqueous extract. Lead acetate (LA) was exposed at three dose levels 0.1, 0.5 and 1 ppm to the next three groups. The other three groups were exposed to lead acetate at the above mentioned three levels along with 1 µg garlic aqueous extract (GAE). Hatchability and aberration percentage were estimated. Apoptosis and histopathological study were done. Lead induces dose dependent developmental toxicity in zebrafish embryos/larvae. GAE has a limited protective effect on lead acetate treated embryos. The protective effect of GAE was better in the 0.1 ppm lead acetate exposed group followed by 0.5 and 1.0 ppm lead acetate treated groups respectively. Lead acetate, zebrafish, Developmental toxicity, Garlic aqueous extract, Apoptosis.

Physio-biochemical response of wheat to various treatments of nanoparticles under moisture stress (Drought) conditions

Paper ID- AMA-06-05-2024-13026

The study titled "Physio-biochemical response of wheat to different nanoparticle treatments under moisture stress (drought) conditions" was carried out during the Rabi season of 2022-23 and 2023-24 at the student instructional farm (SIF) of Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, located in Kumarganj, Ayodhya- 224229 (U.P.). The experiment was carried out using a randomized block design, with three replications and ten treatments, using the wheat variety HD 2967. The treatments consisted of the following: T1: control (foliar spray of distilled water), T2: Ca3PO4 (40ppm), T3: TiO2 (40ppm), T4: TiO2 (40ppm) + Ca3PO4 (40ppm), T5: TiO2 (50ppm). T6: TiO2 (50ppm) + Ca3PO4 (40ppm), T7: ZnO (40ppm), T8: ZnO (40ppm) + Ca3PO4 (40ppm), T9: ZnO (50ppm), T10: ZnO (50ppm) + Ca3PO4 (40ppm). The application of foliar spray occurred 45 days after sowing (DAS). The physio-biochemical parameters were measured at 60, 75, and 90 days after sowing (DAS), whereas the yield data was recorded at harvest time. The application of foliar spray containing both ZnO and TiO2 nanoparticles, as well as Ca3PO4, was found to be highly successful in reducing moisture stress compared to the control group. The addition of Nano ZnO at a concentration of 50ppm, combined with Ca3PO4 at a concentration of 40ppm (T10), was shown to be the most efficient in increasing both the total chlorophyll content and total soluble sugar content under conditions of moisture stress. This treatment was followed by treatment T9. However, when considering additional characteristics such as membrane stability index (MSI), relative water content (RWC), grain yield, and biological yield, treatment T9 showed significantly greater values than the control treatment for the crop. Treatment T4 also showed higher values, although to a lesser extent. The current study concludes that nanoparticles effectively reduce moisture stress in wheat. Specifically, ZnO (50ppm) followed by TiO2 (40ppm) in combination with Ca3PO4 (40ppm) are recommended treatments to alleviate the negative impacts of moisture stress on wheat crops.

Phytochemical and microbiological evaluation of Buxus dioica from the Bougtob region, Elbayadh Province Algeria

Paper ID- AMA-30-04-2024-13020

Traditional medicine has always held a significant place in Algerian medication traditions. This thesis contributes to the study of the biological activities of Buxus dioica. The preparation of various extracts was followed by phytochemical screening. Subsequently, an evaluation of antioxidant activity (total capacity and DPPH scavenging) and antimicrobial activity (solid medium diffusion) was conducted. Three extracts were prepared: methanolic, ethanolic (macerated), and aqueous (infused) extracts. The results showed that the aqueous extract had the highest yield at 9.3% among the studied extracts. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of various secondary metabolites (tannins, flavonoids, saponins, and starch). The evaluation of antioxidant activity revealed that this plant has excellent antioxidant properties, with a percentage of 92% and an IC50 of approximately 2.01 mg/ml. Microorganism sensitivity tests showed that Candida albicans ATCC 10231 A14 was the most sensitive to the methanolic extract (22 mm) by the solid medium diffusion method.

Ethnobotanical study of medicinal plants used by the population at the province ofd’El Abiodh Sidi Cheikh (El Bayadh), Algeria

Paper ID- AMA-30-04-2024-13019

Our objective: This ethnobotanical study was conducted in the region of El Bioudh Sidi Cheikhe (El Bayadh, Algeria) to gather information on the phytotherapeutic uses practiced in this region. Using questionnaire sheets, a series of ethnobotanical surveys were carried out during the year 2023. The identification of plants collected in the field was carried out in the laboratory. We selected 46 species belonging to twenty-four (24) botanical families, and the list of different families and species of medicinal plants chosen is presented in Figure 1, along with their frequency of citation. The most commonly used family was Asteraceae (07 species) with a percentage of 15.21%, followed by Fabaceae, Solanaceae (04 species) with a percentage of 8.69%, and then Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, Poaceae (03 species) with a percentage of 6.52%. Caryophyllaceae, Tamaricaceae, Verbenaceae (02 species) followed with a percentage of 4.34%. Other families were represented by a single (01) species, each with a common percentage of 2.17%. The most commonly used plant parts (organs) were the leaves with a rate of 60.37%, followed by the seeds with a rate of 21.74%, and then the roots with a rate of 8.70%. The flowers and fruits had the same rate, which was 4.35%. Moreover, the diseases treated by these medicinal plants are dominated by digestive disorders (43.47%), skin disorders (13%), genitourinary disorders (15.21%), and neurological disorders (2.17%). The surveys carried out made it possible to inventory the medicinal species and to collect the maximum information concerning local traditional therapeutic uses. These results can be considered as a source of information for scientific research in the fields of phytochemistry and pharmacology.

Study the response of Mannitol and Nano Urea to mitigate the adverse effect of terminal heat stress on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Paper ID- AMA-30-04-2024-13017

The present in investigation entitled “physiological study of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with foliar application of mannitol and nano urea under sodic soil condition” was conducted during Rabi season, 2022-23 at the student instructional farm (SIF) of Acharya Narendra Deva University of Agriculture and Technology, Kumarganj, Ayodhya- 224229 (U.P.). The experiment was conducted in Split Plot design with three replications, seven treatments and wheat variety (HD 2967). The treatment was comprised of control distilled water spray, Mannitol 25, 50, 100 ppm and Nano urea 25, 50, 100 ppm respectively, which was foliar sprayed at 30 DAS. The observations have been studied on growth, bio-chemical, yield and yield attributes of wheat. Observations were recorded at 60, 90 DAS and at maturity stages for timely sowing (15 November) and late sowing (15 December). However, yield and yield parameters were taken at the time of harvesting of the crop. Foliar spray of mannitol and nano urea were performed well at 60, 90 DAS and at maturity parameters. Foliar application of nano urea with 25 ppm was recorded superior on plant height (cm), dry weight plant-1 (g), chlorophyll content in leaves (SPAD value), Catalase activity (g-1 fresh weight min-1), Peroxidase activity (mg g-1 fresh weight min-1), Super oxide dismutase activity (mg g-1 fresh weight min-1) However, yield and yield attributes viz length of spike, number of tillers plant-1, number of grains spike-1, grain yield plant-1 It is concluded from the result that foliar spray of nano urea 25 ppm was found most effective to increasing all characters and yield parameters of wheat.