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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Estiation of dry mass and nitrogen content for soybean using ground-based hyperspectral imagery

Paper ID- AMA-18-01-2023-11958

In this research, hyperspectral imagery was applied to analyze the dry mass and nitrogen content for black and soybeans depending on vegetation growth stages. There were significant differences in dry mass (R3 and R5 stages) and nitrogen content (R1 and R3 stages) between black and soybeans. Moreover, the reflectance of black bean was higher than that of soybean when the reflectance was compared to each other. In the result of each vegetation growth model, the precision and accuracy were variable not only depending on vegetation stages but also depending on the variety. The influence of vegetation stage and variety was compared with the precision and accuracy of models based on the several combinations of data. In the variety combination PLSR models, the precision and accuracy using black and soybeans was better than that of growth stage combination PLSR model. Although the accuracy was variable depending on growth stages, it was possible to explain more than 84% of dry mass and 82% of nitrogen content for black and soybeans using hyperspectral reflectance. This result might be helpful to reduce the production cost and increase the self-sufficiency of edible soybeans in order to improve the efficiency of soybean production.

Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) Potential towards Agriculture Finance: A Critical Study of the Performance of RRBs in India

Paper ID- AMA-15-01-2023-11955

An essential aspect of the financial inclusion strategy is the allocation of funds to the agriculture and rural development sector. Regional Rural Banks (RRBs) were established in 1975 to provide additional funding for farming and other rural industries. This article seeks to analyze RRBs' success in terms of their financial performance and their ability to financially support agricultural, microenterprise, and disadvantaged communities. In this piece, the analysis is split in two halves. Financial performance, priority sector performance, loans to weaker sectors, and agricultural financing were the initial four models used in the Data Envelopment Investigation (DEA) analysis of RRBs' effectiveness. The second step is to analyse the interplay between agriculture, microenterprise, disadvantaged areas, and non-performing assets to characterize RRBs' financial performance. The research found that RRBs were more helpful than banks in delivering financial services in the areas of agriculture financing and loans to economically vulnerable people. Research shows that lending for agricultural and microenterprise purposes has a large, positive effect on RRBs' bottom lines. The data, however, also shows that the weaker parts and non-performing assets have no statistically significant effect on financial performance. Findings from this study appear to show that RRBs were treated unfairly in comparison to traditional banks. More help is needed so that agriculture and rural loans can flourish.

Professional Competence of Extension Personnel in Punjab State

Paper ID- AMA-14-01-2023-11954

Agriculture is a vital sector of India's economy, contributing 20.2 percent to the country's Gross Value Added. In light of the increasing demand for food products due to ever increasing population, extension personnel need the latest knowledge and skills to educate and train farmers. This study was undertaken with the objective of measuring the professional competence of extension personnel. The sample consists of trainees from various training programmes regarding competency development organized by PAMETI in 2017–2018. 5 trainings were chosen by purposive sampling from the list procured by PAMETI. 24 trainees each from 5 different trainings were selected by random sampling method. Thus, a sample of 120 trainees from PAMETI and PAU Ludhiana was selected for the final data collection. The majority of the trainees possessed high human relations, communication, motivation, and supervising skills, whereas the majority possessed medium technical expertise, planning, leadership, coordination, conflict-management, and organizing skills. It was found that the average competence index is highest for human relations skills, whereas the average competence index is lowest for organizational skills. The majority of the trainees were perceived to lie in the medium category of the overall competence index, followed by the high and low categories.

Nanotechnology for health management in aquaculture

Paper ID- AMA-10-01-2023-11952

The increase in antimicrobial resistance and the chemical residues in tissues of the cultured fishes from the chemotherapeutants used in aquaculture, has led to the investigation of new alternatives which could be used for treating the diseases of aquaculture system. Several studies were carried out to discover a better health management tool in aquaculture. Nanotechnology which is a field of science and technology which is now being used in many systems. Currently the use of nanotechnology is increasing in many fields such as engineering, agriculture and other food production sectors. The use of nanotechnology in aquaculture is also increasing in the present years. Nanotechnology application in aquaculture serves to be an effective eco-friendly alternative to the antibiotic and chemotherapeutant usage in aquaculture. Nanoparticles can be applied in aquaculture in several ways, through the direct introduction into water or added in through the feed and given to fishes. It is known to enhance the growth, improve the immune status, disease prevention, disease detection and management in the system. The nanotechnology could serve as a possible tool for health management in aquaculture. This article gives a review on the use of nanotechnology in aquaculture.

Ecology of seed dormancy and germination in Rice flat sedge (Cyperus difformis L)

Paper ID- AMA-10-01-2023-11951

Specific knowledge about seed dormancy, germination and emergence patterns of weed species aids in the development of integrated management strategies. Laboratory studies were conducted to determine the effect of environmental factors on seed germination and seedling emergence of Cyperus difformis (rice flat sedge). The objective of this experiment was to identify an effective method to break the innate dormancy of fresh seeds, in order to achieve uniform germination. For this, various physiological seed dormancy breaking treatments viz.,GA3, KNO3, Thiourea and distilled water were imposed to the seeds with various concentrations of solution and duration of soaking. Untreated dry seeds served as control. The results were revealed that all physiological treatments used in this study improved the germination. Among them, the superior performance was registered by soaking the seeds in the GA3 @ 600 ppm for 12 hrs. With the germination of 92 per cent. Whereas, the control seeds were recorded nil germination.