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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.

Submission Deadline
16 Aug 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue- 08 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Aug 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue 08 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Response of Wheat to different sources of Coated Urea and N budgeting under assured irrigated conditions of Jammu region of J&K

Paper ID- AMA-05-02-2022-11103

A field experiment was conducted to study the response of different coated ureato wheat crop during the winter (rabi) season of 2017-18 at Agronomy research farm, SKUAST Jammu Chatha. Eleven treatments comprised of three types of coated ureas viz. Neem coated urea, Zinc coated urea and Neem + Zinc coated urea at various doses, replicated thrice laid out in a randomised block design. The use of different source and doses of coated N fertilizer had significant effect on the yield of wheat crop. The data revealed that treatment T8 (100% of Rec. N through ZnCU + Rec. P, K & Zn) showed significantly higher grain and straw yield. However, treatment T8 remained statistically at par with the treatments T7 wherein 15% N was reduced and rest 85% was applied through ZnCU and showed 3.7% higher yield and T2 wherein existing recommended dose of wheat is ok numerically Whereas, Agronomic use efficiency and Recovery Use Efficiency were found to be maximum in treatment T7 (85 % of Rec. N through ZnCU + Rec. P, K & Zn). Agronomic and Recovery Use Efficiency of treatment T7 was 33.6% and 32% higher over treatment (T2) wherein existing recommended dose of wheat is ok numerically i.e. 100% of Rec. N through urea + Rec. P, K & Zn was applied Nutrient (NK and Zn) uptake was also significantly higher in treatment T8 over the other treatments in comparison besides P uptake was higher wherein NCU had applied as a N source.

Biological management of postharvest diseases of mango

Paper ID- AMA-05-02-2022-11101

The present research was conducted on the aspect of disease control, physio-chemical changes and shelf life of mango through various postharvest treatments. The experiment was conducted in the Laboratory of the Department of Plant Pathology, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri. The experiments were laid out in Completely Randomized Design (CRD) with three replications. The study was aimed at finding out the best postharvest treatments that obtained the greater performance on disease control and quality changes as well as extending the shelf life. Freshly harvested matured mango fruits were subjected to eight postharvest treatments. T1: Trichoderma viride, T2: Trichoderma harzianum, T3: Bacillus subtilis, T4: Pseudomonas fluorescence, T5: Yeast strain-І, T6: yeast strain-IІ, T7: hot water treatment at 550C for 15 Min (HWT), T8: control. Results revealed that significant variation was recorded in respect of postharvest treatments on control disease development during storage conditions. The minimum disease severity was observed in hot water treatment (HWT) at 55oC for 15 min treated fruits followed by Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum and Pseudomonas fluorescence and maximum disease severity was recorded in control fruits at the 7th and 14th days of storage conditions. Effect of postharvest treatments on physiological loss in fruits weight, hot water treatment (HWT) at 55oC for 15 Min and Trichoderma viride recorded minimum loss in fruit weight on 14th day of storage which was significantly less than remaining treatments and control. Among the various postharvest treatments fruits were dip in hot water treatment (HWT) was recorded significantly lower loss (8.5 %) and 14.83 % followed by Trichoderma viride, Trichoderma harzianum and control showed significantly higher loss in weight 12.50 and 31.00% respectively at 7th and 14th days of storage. In case of bio chemical parameters like TSS, acidity, ascorbic acid and total sugars. The highest (25.47 %) and the lowest T.S.S (12.00 %) contents were observed in hot water treatment and control treated mango fruits, respectively and highest acidity (0.486 %) and ascorbic acid (56.10 mg %) contents were recorded in hot water treatment. The lowest acidity (0.153 %), ascorbic acid (23.70 mg %) contents were recorded in control treated mango fruits, respectively. The highest total sugar (22.22%) contents were observed in hot water treatment. The lowest sugar (15.00%) content was observed in control treated mango fruits. Significant variation in respect of total days taken for ripening period and shelf life days. At 5th and10th day of storage the highest per cent of ripening (48 %) and (100 %), the lowest per cent of ripening (30 %) and (85.30 %) were observed in control and fruits were dip in Trichoderma viride treated fruits, respectively. At 15th day of storage 100 % ripening recorded in all treatments. The maximum shelf life (15 days) and the minimum (8 days) shelf life were observed in Trichoderma viride and control treatments, respectively.

Incidence and detection of seed mycoflora of pearl millet and their deteriorative effect on plant health

Paper ID- AMA-05-02-2022-11100

Pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) or Bajra is one of the important cereal crops of Africa and India, though it is used throughout the world as nutritious and gluten-free diet. Pearl millet grains/seeds are known to carry several pathogenic and non-pathogenic fungi which alter physio-chemical properties of the seeds, losses of the seed weight, germination potential, and deterioration of quality. During present investigation, 150 seed samples were collected from 15 Tehsils of major pearl millet growing districts of Rajasthan. Ten samples of each Tehsil were thoroughly mixed and made one composite sample of a Tehsil and associated seed mycoflora and their incidence were quantified through blotter and agar plate methods. A total 13 saprophytic as well as parasitic mycoflora belonging to nine (Alternaria, Aspergillus, Curvularia, Penicillium, Mucor, Rhizopus, Pyricularia, Fusarium and Helminthosporum) genera were detected through blotter and agar plate methods. Among mycoflora, maximum incidence of Fusarium sp. (2.42%), Aspergillus flavus (2.18%) and Curvularia lunata (1.96%) were recovered. Pyricularia spp. had maximum deteriorative and pathogenic impact in reducing seed germination (46%), in causing pre- (11.21%) and post emergence (8.88 %) mortality, in shortening radical (3.75 cm) and plumule length (5.25 cm) and in declining seedling vigour (414.00). In conclusion, huge loads of mycoflora adversely affect seed germination and plant health which ultimately results in poor stand of crop, yield and negative impact on consumer’s health.

Studies on mineral and microbial composition of blended pearl millet cake during storage

Paper ID- AMA-05-02-2022-11097

Pearl millet is the staple for economically poorer section of the world’s population and it is rich in mineral like phosphorus, calcium and iron content. Cake is one of the most popular bakery products. Generally, it is prepared from refined wheat flour but in the present study the mineral content of cake samples were improved by the use of various blends of refined wheat and pearl millet flour (90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50 and 100:00 refined wheat flour was the control sample with other ingredients. The results showed that the phosphorus, calcium and iron content of cake decreased with an increase in storage period. No microbial count was detected in the fresh samples, but it increased with an increase in the storage period but was within the safe limits. On the basis of sensory evaluation (colour, texture, flavour and taste) of cake, treatment T3 (80:20: refined wheat pearl millet flour) was adjudged to be the best among all the treatments with mean score of colour 7.57, texture 7.77, flavour 7.63 and taste 7.82, respectively.

Soil Properties and Balance Sheet of Nutrients as Influenced by Different Maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes Grown under Organic Conditions in Southern Rajasthan

Paper ID- AMA-05-02-2022-11096

To evaluate the soil properties and judge the balance sheet of nutrients as influenced by different maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes grown under organic production system in sub-humid southern plain and Aravalli hills zone of Rajasthan, a two-year field experimentation was undertaken during Kharif 2015 & 2016 at Instructional Farm (Organic Farming Unit), Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur, Rajasthan. The experiment comprises twelve genotypes of maize (PQPM -1, PM -9, PHM -3, Sugar – 75, Madhula, Misty, PM-5, PM-3, VL Amber Pop corn, Amber Popcorn, Navjot and Farmers selection). The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with three replications. Result showed that maize genotype i.e. Navjot observed with highest net gain of available N (55.83 kg ha-1) and available K (85.83 kg ha-1) in soil. Net available P was found negative (-0.085 to -13.11 kg ha-1) in all the varieties of maize except variety PM-5 (3.62 kg ha-1). Response of different maize varieties with respect bulk density, particle density, pH, EC, CFU (Bacteria, Fungi and Actinomycetes) and dehydrogenase enzyme activity were found non-significant. The water use efficiency was found significantly higher under genotype Farmers Selection of maize and it was stayed statistically at par with variety Navjot genotype. According to prevailing cropping system, early cultivars PHM-3and PM-3 and medium duration PM-3, PQPM-1, PM-5 and Novjot genotypes of maize can be promoted for organic cultivation of production in given area of Sub-Humid Southern Plain and Aravalli Hills Region of Rajasthan.