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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Submission Deadline
18 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 04 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 04 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Impacts of water hyacinth planting media (Eichornia crassipes) on the growth of lettuce (Lactuca sativa), leaf mustard (Brassica intergrifolia) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) with hydroponic method

Paper ID- AMA-16-08-2023-12514

Water hyacinth (Eichornia crassipe) is a strongly invasive aquatic species that have great impacts on the economy, society, and environment. Water hyacinth treatment is an urgent and long-term issue. Organic composting from water hyacinth has been identified as one of the easiest and most eco-friendly methods for transferring nutrients to the plant’s growth cycle. Additionally, hydroponics is a method of growing plants according to new technology for high productivity and food safety. In this research, we combined the hydroponic growing method with the use of organic water hyacinth planting media for growing lettuce (Lactuca sativa), leaf mustard (Brassica intergrifolia) and tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). The results showed that water hyacinth planting media mixed with coir greatly influences on the growth and productivity of hydroponic lettuce, leaf mustard, and tomato. The mixture of water hyacinth and coir in a ratio of 50%:50% is the most suitable method for growing lettuce, and leaf mustard on a nutrient film technique system. Lettuce and leaf mustard growing on a water hyacinth planting media experienced an increase in root weight and length. The mixture of water hyacinth and coir in a ratio of 75%:25% is the most suitable for growing tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum). Tomato growing on a water hyacinth planting media has an increased sprouting rate, a shortens flowering time, an increased flower number, and improves the rate of fruiting as well as enhances productivity. The nitrate content in all obtained samples satisfies WHO’s safety standards; furthermore, the lead, mercury, arsenic, and cadmium contents are not detected in the vegetable samples.

NANO-HERBAL FORMULATION AS FIXATIVE AND EMBALMING SOLUTION

Paper ID- AMA-14-08-2023-12513

Embalming carcasses is a vital step for taking proper dissection classes. Most commonly 4% formalin solution was used for embalming from the renascence period to till to the date. Formalin and its based solutions are toxic, carcinogenic, and hazardous. So the exposure to the toxic compound was higher in the dissection halls compared to histology laboratories. Therefore to reduce the risk several herbal combinations were used as alternatives to formalin. We prepared a Nano-herbal solution with the help of a sonicator using natural oils and extracts from easily available herbal plants. The preservation of the carcass was assessed by histological studies. This technique may give a new and innovative idea to conserve carcasses for teaching gross and microanatomy purposes.

Identification and detail description of phenological growth stages of wood apple (Feronia limonia L.) under rainfed conditions of India

Paper ID- AMA-14-08-2023-12512

An acquaintance about the phenology of cultivated crop is required for its proper management. Phenology reveals the timing of recurring biological events like bud break, flushing, flowering and fruiting. Therefore, a study was conducted to find out various phenological stages of wood apple under hot semi-arid condition during 2016 and 2017 at Central Horticultural Experiment Station (ICAR-CIAH), Vejalpur, Gujarat. Based on the extended BBCH-scale, three digit codes were used in this study to know the growth stages of the wood apple tree. In present study, seven principle growth stages were observed in terms of code like 0) bud, 1) leaf, 3) shoot development, 5) inflorescence emergence, 6) flowering, 7) fruit development, and 8) fruit maturity. The swellen axillary buds require 7-8 weeks for full shoot development and vegetative growth usually complete in 18-22 weeks. The peak flowering period was observed between mid March to mid April and lasts about 2-5 weeks. Wood apple fruit showed double sigmoid growth pattern and took about 20-22 weeks from fruit set to maturity. It has been observed that the days required 18-20 from bud swelling to complete anthesis for reproductive cycle. This study will be very useful to carryout various agro-cultural practices to enhance the production and productivity of wood apple under field condition based on the physiological events.

Study of heritability and genetic advance for the selection of improved genotype based on quantitative and quality characters in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Paper ID- AMA-14-08-2023-12511

The aim of the present study is to develop new and improved wheat varieties with the help of heritability and genetic advance. In order to fulfill the aim of this study, a field experiment was conducted at C.S. Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur. The high estimates of heritability were observed for days to maturity, plant height, number of productive tillers per plant, number of grains per spike, 1000-grain weight (g), grain yield per plant (g), harvest index (%), and protein content (%) in both F1 and F2 generations. In most of the characters, high heritability was accompanied with moderate genetic advance. Moderate value of heritability was recorded for biological yield per plant in both generations; days to 75% heading and number of spikelets per spike was in F2 generation, mostly accompanied with low genetic advance. The low heritability was observed for spike length in F2 generation which was also accompanied with low genetic advance in both generations.

Productivity of soybean (Glycine max L.) and soil properties as affected by integrated nutrient management practices

Paper ID- AMA-12-08-2023-12510

A field carried out at research farm Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, J N. Krishi Vishwa Vidyalaya, Jabalpur during Kharif season of two consequentive years of 2016 and 2017. Experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design by replicating thrice. The crop was fertilized with NPK and organic manures as per treatments and applied as basal in all the treatments. Application of all combinations of sources nutrients found to be unable to bring out significant changes in soil properties with respect to pH, EC and OC. However, the status of NP and K markedly increase over control under organically amended treatments and 100% NPK through chemical fertilizers. Furthermore, these three nutrient statuses in post harvest soils showed superiorly over initial value of soil. As regards to the content of chlorophyll a, b and chlorophyll a and b initially it increases with increasing rate up to 60 DAS then the content start decreasing. The treatment having vermicompost @ 1.5 t ha-1 enriched with PSB and Rhizobium and remaining dose of NPK was applied through chemical fertilizers proved as good as 100% NPK through chemical fertilizer alone with respect to chlorophyll content during both the years. The treatment T5 (Vermicompost @ 1.5 t ha-1 enriched with PSB & Rhizobium + RRDFCF) possessed the values of 2.02, 1.13 and 3.15 at 30 DAS 2.07, 1.58 and 3.65 at 45 DAS as well as 2.21 1.64 and 3.85 mg g-1 at 60 DAS a, b and a+b chlorophyll respectively. The highest seed and stover yields (1923 and 3192 kg ha-1), were found under T5. On the other hand, the significantly the lowest yield was secured from the control treatment. The protein per cent in soybean seed was seen to increase up to maximum extent of 41.7% due to application of 100% NPK followed by T3 (FYM @ 2 t ha-1 enriched with PSB & Rhizobium + RRDFCF) i.e. 41.4%.