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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
04 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 10 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 10 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Enhancing lentil yield and income of farmers through cluster frontline demonstration in Bundelkhand

Paper ID- AMA-04-05-2023-12239

Studies were conducted in the villages of Chachawali in the Niwari district of the rainfed Bundelkhand region of Madhya Pradesh during 2020–21; Anora in the Lalitpur district, and Semra and Bilati Karke in the Jhansi district of the rainfed Bundelkhand region of Uttar Pradesh from 2021–22. There were 15 front-line demonstrations in Chachawali, Anora, Semra, and Bilati Karke villages of the lentil variety IPL 316: five in Chachawali, five in Anora, two in Semra, and three in Bilati Karke. Each farmer had the opportunity to participate in a demonstration on a one-hectare plot of land. The goal was to improve lentil cultivation technology. Improved technologies included, among other things, high yielding variety, balanced fertilizer use (based on soil tests), and integrated disease and pest management. Chachawali, Anora, Bilati Karke, and Semra villages, in that order, got an average of 1235, 1285, 1408.33, and 1462.5 kg ha-1 from the demonstrations. There was an increase of 27.58, 23.58, 15.84, and 27.37% over the local yield. The average extension gap in Chachawali, Anora, Semra and Bilati Karke village was 2.65, 2.45, 3.13, and 1.92 q/ha, respectively, while the technology gap were 2.45, 2.15, 0.38, and 0.92q/ha, with the technology index being 16.33, 14.33, 2.5, and 6.11 percent in that order. The case study produced an average net return of Rs. 22525.9, 30112.0, 30247.0, and 3565.0 from the villages of Semra, Chachawali, Anora, and Bilati Karke, in that order, while the mean B:C ratio was 1.3, 2.1, 2.0 and 2.2. The data showed that superior varieties, packaging, and processing used in the frontline demonstration programme have contributed to increase in pulse productivity and profitability in the region.

PSV 512: A New High Yielding Dual Purpose, Early Duration Sorghum Variety PSV 512 for Telangana

Paper ID- AMA-04-05-2023-12238

The Sorghum culture PSV 512 (CSV 15 x SF 94006) recorded grain yield of 3586.6 kg/ha and fodder yield of 9198 kg/ha with superiority of 21.03 % and 7.86 % over the check PSV 1. The entry was also tested in All India level of AICRP testing with grain yield of 3349.4 kg/ha with superiority of 16.72%, 6.98 %, 21.02 %, 15.25 % over national checks of CSV 17, CSV 20, CSV 23 and CSV 27. It is early maturing variety (104 days) with semi compact symmetric panicle and grains are elliptic shaped with Grey-yellow colour endosperm. It is moderately resistance to shoot fly and stem borer pests and moderately resistant to grain mold disease. This entry is having higher consumer preference due to its low fat content in grains (2.81) and protein content of 10.81%. Hence, the promising culture PSV 512 has been proposed for new release during 2021 and released as Palem Jonna 1 for general cultivation in Telangana for both rainfed and irrigated condition.

Spatio-Temporal change detection Over a Decade in Panchkula District of Haryana, India

Paper ID- AMA-03-05-2023-12235

Geospatial technology provides economic, generic and detailed Land Use and Land Cover (LULC) products. Multi-date LULC products opportunitate change detection. Decadal temporality exposes patterns and trends of the settlement growth, infrastructure developments, forest cover change and agricultural land use. Study was done to evaluate LULC changes in Panchkula district of Haryana from 2010 to 2020. Quantification of spatial and temporal dynamics of land use/cover changes was accomplished over supervised classification of time series satellite images of IRS-P6 LISS-III for 2010 and Sentinel-2 (A & B) MSI for 2020 by applying post-classification change detection techniques in the GIS environment. Expansion of land cover was observed for built-up, water bodies and agriculture while reduction for wastelands, forest and grazing lands. Economic development due to Chandigarh region, micro-climate change in lower Shivalik and population increment were analyzed responsible for the detected change. Biophysically low-quality land parcels were marginalized without obtaining optimum economic marginality. High urban sprawl rate and deforestation highly impacted soil and environment resulting in degradation of habitat quality. This study illustrates the change over a decade from 2010 to 2020 covering the whole district of Panchkula, Haryana.

Physical and functional properties of Indian indica subset of 3k rice germplasm

Paper ID- AMA-03-05-2023-12234

Half the world's population relies on rice (Oryza sativa L.) as their primary source of nutrition. The quality of the rice grain is incredibly valuable to breeders, farmers, and consumers as the population grows and the variety of needs for rice expands. The milling, aesthetic, eating, cooking, and nutritional properties of rice grains are the four most important aspects of rice quality. In the present study out of 250 lines, 80 lines fell under long bold grain type, 73 lines fell under medium slender grain type, 65 lines fell under short slender grain type, 23 lines fell under long slender grain type, and 9 lines under short bold grain type. Among 250 3K lines the alkali spreading score was ranged from 3 (low, intermediate spreading) to 6 (High alkali spreading or low GT), as per the classification, 8 lines fell under low to intermediate alkali spreading, while 120 lines showed intermediate spreading (intermediate GT) and majority of the lines (122 lines) was observed to have high alkali spreading value or low GT. Therefore, from the study it can be concluded that 110 3K rice lines presented good physical traits like grain length, gel consistency and alkaline spread ratio.

Effect of Barnyard millet seedlings age on growth, production and quality

Paper ID- AMA-02-05-2023-12233

Barnyard millet is an essential climate-resilient crop and nutri-cereals. The age of the seedlings at transplantation determines the crop growth, chlorophyll content and yield-related attributes. The field experiment was conducted at the Department of Seed Science and Technology, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Madurai. Barnyard millet (C.O. (K.V.) 2 seeds were used as base material. The experiment was conducted for two seasons (2017-18) with three replications. The treatment details are direct sowing of seeds, transplanting 12 Days old seedlings, 18 Days old seedlings, 24 Days old seedlings and 30 Days old seedlings. Barnyard millet raised from 24 days old seedlings recorded more growth (146.3 cm), dry matter production (229.6 g plant-1), total chlorophyll content (1.297 mg g-1), productive tillers (7.1), panicle length (25.40 cm), seed yield (3072 kg ha-1) and 1000 seed weight (3.11 g) compared to direct sown crop (134.3 cm, 169.3 g plant-1, 0.627 mg g-1, 5.8, 23.70 cm, 2688 kg ha-1 and 2.70 g) The qualities of the resultant seeds were also higher in crops raised by 24 days old seedlings. The germination per cent increase over direct sown crop is 9 in resultant seeds of 24 days old seedlings transplanted. The reason may be due to better nutrient uptake, water relations, enhanced CO2 fixation and effective assimilating partitioning. Thus, transplanting of 24 days old barnyard millet was better than direct sown and other seedlings to get higher yield.