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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
04 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 10 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 10 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Physical properties of Toy making species Givotia rottleriformis Griff.

Paper ID- AMA-07-09-2022-11663

The diminishing resources of Givotia rottleriformis in natural forest due to its excessive felling and natural poor regeneration. Since the wooden artisans are unable to meet the adequate amount of Poniki wood in toy manufacturing industries. The current study attempted to evaluate the physical properties of Givotia rottleriformis wood such as density, moisture content, water absorption, volumetric swelling and volumetric shrinkage as per IS:1708(1986) and comparison with other wood species like Bombax ceiba, Artocarpus hirsutus, Pterocarpus santalinus, Abies pindrow and Pinus roxburghii. It was found that Bombax ceiba has showed the similar wood physical properties such as density, water absorption, volumetric shrinkage and volumetric swelling apart from other wood species. Based on physical properties hence, it asserted that the Bombax ceiba wood can be suggested as alternate species used for toy making and can fulfil the deficit needs of wooden artisans.

Pharmaceutical and Nutraceutical values of fruit crops for human health: An overview

Paper ID- AMA-07-09-2022-11662

Fruit contain various beneficial compounds that have biological activities and can be used as a source of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. Most fruit included in this review contain polyphenolic components that can promote antioxidant effects on human health. Additionally, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal and chemo preventive effects are associated with these fruit. Other chemicals such as anthocyanins, xanthones, carotenoids, and saponins, in addition to polyphenolics, have health benefits and can be used as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical components. In this review, information on different fruits is presented and discussed with regard to their biological activity of the major com-pounds existing in them. It can be concluded that although fruits are useful sources of nutraceutical and other pharmaceutical components. Fruit consumption is primarily intended to meet certain nutri-tional and catalytic requirements, whilst other dietary categories are intended to meet energetic re-quirements.

Isolation and characterization of lactic acid bacteria from ethnic fermented sour beverages (neeragaram) using traditional red rice varieties

Paper ID- AMA-02-09-2022-11656

Neeragaram (fermented sour beverage) is a traditional energy drink of Tamil Nadu and is considered to contain a variety of beneficial bacterial species. The purpose of this study was to isolate and identify bacteria from samples of ethnic fermented sour beverages, particularly lactobacillus species. The red rice varieties of Tamil Nadu have been chosen for developing the beverages. The samples were ADT 43 as control beverage, mapillai samba as treatment 1 and karungkuruvai as treatment 2 for developing fermented sour beverages. Three bacterial isolates, Isolate 1, Isolate 2 and Isolate 3 were isolated from fermented sour beverages and identified using morphological and biochemical assays. The two isolates were gram-positive, non-motile, round-shaped bacteria. The isolated bacteria were examined with multiple media including Mannitol Salt Agar, MacConkey Agar, EMB Agar, TSI Agar, Simmons Citrate Agar, Urea Agar, BSA, and Starch Agar with Catalase assay for biochemical characterization. Both morphologically and biochemically, the isolates have been identified as Leuconostoc mesenteriodes. By using the disc diffusion method as well as twelve different antibiotics, the isolates were further evaluated for their antibiotic sensitivity. Three of the antibiotics aztreonam, ampicillin and penicillin were all resistant to the isolated bacteria, whereas four of the drugs imipenem, ciprofloxacin, rifampicin and doxycycline were all susceptible. According to this study, it can be concluded that Leuconostoc mesenteriodes could be found in the ethnic fermented sour beverages which acts as a probiotic source to heal many stomach-related disorders.

Impact of weather variables on development of charcoal rot disease in different sowing dates of sesame

Paper ID- AMA-02-09-2022-11655

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an economically important oilseed crops worldwide. Charcoal rot disease incited by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. is one of the most destructive disease of sesame and causes heavy losses annually. Environmental factors play an important role for development of disease at different growth stages of the crop. Weather factors play a major role in activation, growth and multiplication of the pathogen and subsequently disease development. Time of pathogen attack and progression of disease in relation to prevailing weather conditions is necessary for prediction of disease occurrence and their management. Epidemiological studies showed the onset of charcoal rot varied in sesame varieties HT 1 during different dates of sowing. Among three dates of sowing, the maximum disease incidence was recorded in early sown crop followed by mid sown and minimum in late sown crop in consecutive two years. The quantitative relationship between charcoal rot disease progressions and weather factors on sesame varieties during different dates of sowing revealed that disease incidence was positively correlated with maximum temperature, evaporation and sunshine hours.

Productivity, Profitability and Water Use Efficiency of Sweet corn (Zea mays L. saccharata) as Influenced by Irrigation Scheduling

Paper ID- AMA-01-09-2022-11652

This field study was conducted at Research Farm of AICRP for Dryland Agriculture at College of Agriculture (RVSKVV), Indore (MP) during the rabi 2019-20 and 2020-21. Irrigation scheduling (IW: CPE) consisted three different level viz., 0.6 IW: CPE, 0.8 IW: CPE and 1.0 IW: CPE with 6 replications in Randomized Block Design (RBD). Irrigation was applied through drip system having inline emitter of 4 lph (Litre per hour). Results revealed that among the irrigation scheduling, 1.0 IW: CPE recorded the taller plants (188.70 cm), maximum dry matter/plant (179.50 g) and number of leaves/plant (12.70) which was followed by 0.8 IW: CPE. Similarly, irrigation at 1.0 IW: CPE recorded the highest values of number of cobs/plant (2.67), cob length (29.5 cm) and weight of cob without husk (311.90 g) followed by 0.8 IW:CPE and 0.6 IW:CPE. 1.0 and 0.8 IW: CPE scheduling increased green cob yield by 10.9 and 9.3 per cent over 0.6 IW: CPE scheduling. Among the irrigation scheduling, 0.8 IW: CPE gave maximum net returns of ₹255796/ha and B:C ratio of 5.73. The maximum WUE (38.41 kg/ha-mm) followed by 47.32kg/ha-mm and 57.70 kg/ha-mm were observed in 1.0 IW:CPE, 0.8 IW:CPE and 0.6 IW:CPE, respectively. Harvested rainwater in the farm pond can be used for high remunerative crops i.e. sweet corn for obtained the better profit. Hence, it is concluded that for getting higher production and net returns from rabi sweet corn can be achieved by adopting proper irrigation scheduling from harvested rainwater.