AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Pearl millet is the staple for economically poorer section of the world’s population and it is rich in mineral like phosphorus, calcium and iron content. Cake is one of the most popular bakery products. Generally, it is prepared from refined wheat flour but in the present study the mineral content of cake samples were improved by the use of various blends of refined wheat and pearl millet flour (90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, 50:50 and 100:00 refined wheat flour was the control sample with other ingredients. The results showed that the phosphorus, calcium and iron content of cake decreased with an increase in storage period. No microbial count was detected in the fresh samples, but it increased with an increase in the storage period but was within the safe limits. On the basis of sensory evaluation (colour, texture, flavour and taste) of cake, treatment T3 (80:20: refined wheat pearl millet flour) was adjudged to be the best among all the treatments with mean score of colour 7.57, texture 7.77, flavour 7.63 and taste 7.82, respectively.
To evaluate the soil properties and judge the balance sheet of nutrients as influenced by different maize (Zea mays L.) genotypes grown under organic production system in sub-humid southern plain and Aravalli hills zone of Rajasthan, a two-year field experimentation was undertaken during Kharif 2015 & 2016 at Instructional Farm (Organic Farming Unit), Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Udaipur, Rajasthan. The experiment comprises twelve genotypes of maize (PQPM -1, PM -9, PHM -3, Sugar – 75, Madhula, Misty, PM-5, PM-3, VL Amber Pop corn, Amber Popcorn, Navjot and Farmers selection). The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design with three replications. Result showed that maize genotype i.e. Navjot observed with highest net gain of available N (55.83 kg ha-1) and available K (85.83 kg ha-1) in soil. Net available P was found negative (-0.085 to -13.11 kg ha-1) in all the varieties of maize except variety PM-5 (3.62 kg ha-1). Response of different maize varieties with respect bulk density, particle density, pH, EC, CFU (Bacteria, Fungi and Actinomycetes) and dehydrogenase enzyme activity were found non-significant. The water use efficiency was found significantly higher under genotype Farmers Selection of maize and it was stayed statistically at par with variety Navjot genotype. According to prevailing cropping system, early cultivars PHM-3and PM-3 and medium duration PM-3, PQPM-1, PM-5 and Novjot genotypes of maize can be promoted for organic cultivation of production in given area of Sub-Humid Southern Plain and Aravalli Hills Region of Rajasthan.
Hydrological reaction of watershed to changing climate is among main features of hydrology. To x-ray the impact of climate transformation on the hydrological reaction of Ikpoba watershed, the watershed was first demarcated so as to delineate the basins and the corresponding sub-basins within the watershed. Result shows that the watershed has a total soil area of 5078.2509ha, which categorize the landuse definition into forest mixed with total area of 1452.0287ha, agriculture (total area of 1835.3243ha), residential (total area of 1655.1857 and water (total area of 135.7022). The region occupied by water was witnessed to be very insignificant which might not be the true illustration of what is on ground, but this is correct in model development since the orthophoric (areal) assessment of the watershed shown that the entire water body within the basin is covered by water hyacinth which was why the model appraised the total region occupied by the water body as 135.7022ha equated to forest mixed which was projected as 1452.0287ha.
A field experiment was conducted during kharif season of 2019-20 and 2020-21 at the Rajasthan College of Agriculture, Maharana Pratap University of Agricultural & Technology (MPUAT), Udaipur. The objective is evaluating the performance of genotypes under varying fertility levels. The treatments consisted of three factors viz. baby corn hybrids [HM-4, Pratap hybrid maize-3 (PHM-3)], NPK levels [(i)125:60:50 kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1 (ii) 150:70:60 kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1 (iii) 175:80:70 kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1] and zinc fertilization [(i) 5 kg Zn ha-1 (ii) 3.75 Kg Zn ha-1+ ZnSB (iii) 2.50 Kg Zn ha-1+ ZnSB]. The experiment was laid out in factorial randomized block design with three replications. The results revealed that plant growth, dry matter accumulation, cob yield of baby corn and green fodder yield varying significantly with fertility levels and genotypes. Plant height, dry matter accumulation, cob yield and green fodder yield recorded higher with higher nutrient levels compared lower nutrient level. The maximum cob yield (8012.15 kg/ha), green fodder yield (26444.26 kg/ha), obtained with HM-4 which was significantly higher than Pratap hybrid maize-3 (PHM-3).
The experiment was carried out on root parameters, quality parameter, yield and nutrient content in fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.) as influenced by different drip irrigation levels, crop geometry and mulching. The experiment was laid out in a split-split plot design with comprised of four irrigation levels in the main plot, three crop geometry in the sub-plot and two mulch treatments in the sub-sub plot and replicated thrice. The results revealed that the highest fresh weight of root (8.16 g plant-1), dry weight of root (2.98 g plant-1), root volume (8.44 cubic cm plant-1), and root: shoot ratio (0.123) of fennel at 100 DAS were recorded with drip irrigation level of 0.8 ETc. Further, analysis of data indicated that higher values of quality parameters, nutrient content and their uptake by fennel were recorded under irrigation level of 1.0 ETc. However, 0.8 and 1.0 ETc gave at par values of all these parameters. Further data indicated that paired row sowing at 40 x 60 cm spacing gave the highest fresh weight of root, root dry weight, root volume, yield. In mulch, plastic mulch treatment recorded maximum fresh weight of root, root dry weight, yield, quality parameters and nutrient content and uptake in fennel seed. However, the maximum yield of 1816 kg ha-1 was obtained when fennel crop was sown in paired row sowing of 40 x 60 cm with plastic mulch along with water supply of 80% of crop water requirement (ETc) through drip system.