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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin Dalian Haishi Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Dalian Maritime University

Submission Deadline
02 Mar 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 03 )
Upcoming Publication
29 Feb 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 02 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

INFLUENCE OF STRONG BLACK TEA AND COFFEE ON CORTISOL AND ERGOGENS IN THE BLOOD OF YOUNG MEN

Paper ID- AMA-12-03-2023-12115

Tea has anecdotally been associated with stress relief, but this has seldom been tested scientifically. To investigate the effects of 6 weeks of black tea consumption, compared with matched placebo, on subjective, cardiovascular, cortisol and platelet responses to acute stress, in a parallel group double-blind randomised design. Seventy-five healthy nonsmoking men were withdrawn from tea, coffee and caffeinated beverages for a 4-week wash-out phase during which they drank four cups per day of a caffeinated placebo. A pretreatment laboratory test session was carried out, followed by either placebo (n = 38) or active tea treatment (n = 37) for 6 weeks, then, a final test session. Cardiovascular measures were obtained before, during and after two challenging behavioural tasks, while cortisol, platelet and subjective measures were assessed before and after tasks. The tasks induced substantial increases in blood pressure, heart rate and subjective stress ratings, but responses did not differ between tea and placebo treatments. Platelet activation (assessed using flow cytometry) was lower following tea than placebo treatment in both baseline and post-stress samples (P < 0.005). The active tea group also showed lower post-task cortisol levels compared with placebo (P = 0.032), and a relative increase in subjective relaxation during the post-task recovery period (P = 0.036). Compared with placebo, 6 weeks of tea consumption leads to lower post-stress cortisol and greater subjective relaxation, together with reduced platelet activation. Black tea may have health benefits in part by aiding stress recovery.

Carbon sequestration and oxygen release potential of mono and mixed tree species under High Density Plantations

Paper ID- AMA-10-03-2023-12113

In modern era, establishing mixed tree species plantations is becoming more popular in an effort to protect the environment. Reports on comparing monoculture tree plantations under High Density Plantation (HDP) is meager. Therefore, an investigation has been carried out to compare the production of total biomass, carbon content, carbon sequestration, and oxygen release between monoculture plantation - HDP 1 (1 species), mixed tree plantations of 7 species (HDP 2) and mixed tree plantations of 14 species (HDP 3). The experimental results indicated that mixed tree plantation with 14 different tree species (HDP 3) has sequestered the highest carbon (4863.03 kg per ha per year) and oxygen release (12968.98 kg per ha per year) while the least was recorded in other two plantations. Hence, the present study strongly recommends that trees grown under mixed plantations with more number of species encompassing diverse tree species plays a superior role in enhancing the environmental quality compared to monoculture plantation.

SCREENING OF BASAL STEM ROT RESISTANT COCONUT HYBRID GENOTYPES IN ENDEMIC AREA OF TAMIL NADU

Paper ID- AMA-09-03-2023-12109

Coconut hybrid cross combinations of Tall x Tall and Dwarf x Dwarf genotypes were evaluated against basal stem rot (Ganoderma) disease in endemic area of Southern India during 2019-2022. San Raman x Zanzibar, Phillipines Ordinary Tall x West Coast Tall, San Raman x East Coast Tall, Banawali Green Round x Andaman Ordinary Tall, East Cost Tall x Jawa Giant and West Coast Tall x Cochin China were found tolerant to basal stem rot disease. Chowhgat Green Dwarf x Malaysian Green Dwarf and Chowhgat Orange Dwarf x Malaysian Orange Dwarf were found tolerant to basal stem rot.

Variability of Fusarium Solani Isolates Causing Wilt Disease of Clusterbean

Paper ID- AMA-09-03-2023-12108

The clusterbean [Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub.] is belong to the Leguminosae (Fabaceae) family. Wilt disease of clusterbean is a seed and soil borne in nature and this disease incited by Fusarium solani. The pathogen creates wilt in seedlings until they reach maturity. Infected plants show girdling at the collar region later in their growth stage resulting in wilting of the host plant. A total of eight isolates of F. solani were established from the surveyed districts of Rajasthan. Isolates were transferred separately on PDA in Petri dishes to study in detail for their discernible characters on the basis of cultural and morphological characters such as the colony diameter, colour and growth patterns. For pathogenic variability, the susceptible variety (RGC-1055) was inoculated with different isolates separately. Cultural and morphological variability were recorded in each isolate and FsJd-1 isolate, collected from Mandor tehsil in Jodhpur district, showed maximum variability in colony diameter, colony characters like pinkish white colony with fluffy growth, in maximum number, length and septa of macro and micro conidia. Among eight isolates, FsJd-1 isolate was found to be most virulent as it produced maximum disease (46.15 %) and categorized as highly virulent.

RESPONSE OF SORGHUM TO LIQUID INOCULANTS OF AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE AND PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZING BACTERIA

Paper ID- AMA-09-03-2023-12106

A field experiment entitled “EFFECT OF LIQUID INOCULANTS OF AZOSPIRILLUM BRASILENSE AND PHOSPHATE SOLUBILIZING BACTERIA ON GROWTH AND YIELD OF SORGHUM” was undertaken during the kharif season of 2018 on clay loam soil of Sorghum Research Unit, Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Krishi Vidyapeeth, Akola (Maharashtra). Experiment was laid out in the factorial randomized block design in three replications. There were twelve treatment combinations consisting of three different levels of RDF viz., F1 - 50% RDF, F2 -75% RDF, F3 -100% RDF (80:40:40 kg/ha of N:P2O5:K2O) and four seed treatments viz., S1 -Control (without seed treatment and only application of fertilizer), S2 - seed treatment with Azospirillum brasilense and phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 25 g each/kg seed, S3 - seed treatment with liquid Azospirillum brasilense and phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 2 ml each/kg seed and S4 - seed treatment with liquid Azospirillum brasilense and phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 4 ml each/kg seed. Among different levels of RDF, 100% RDF recorded significantly higher plant height (203.68 cm), total dry matter accumulation (145.50 g/plant), grain yield (43.06 q/ha), fodder yield (92.75 q/ha), protein content (9.61%), protein yield (414.26 kg/ha). However, application of 50% RDF recorded significantly higher rhizospheric effect (cfu/g of soil) of both Azospirillum and PSB at seedling, flowering and grain filling stages. Seed treatment with liquid Azospirillum brasilense and phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 4 ml each/kg seed recorded significantly higher plant height (198.93 cm), total dry matter accumulation (140.79 g/plant), grain yield (43.27 q/ha), fodder yield (93.78 q/ha), protein content (9.60%), protein yield (415.53 kg/ha) and rhizospheric effect (cfu/g of soil) of both Azospirillum and PSB at seedling, flowering and grain filling stages over other seed treatments.