AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Gymnema sylvestre R.Br. (syn. Periploca sylvestris Retz), sometimes referred to as Gudmar, is a main medicinal plant utilised under various medical systems as a treatment for the curing of diabetes mellitus. The culture of selected explants namely shoot apex, nodal stem, leaf and inflorescence on five selected media having MS basal salts supplement with several concentrations of cytokinins (KIN and BAP) plant growth regulators, effected on the establishment of aseptic culture, swelling of explants, disorganized proliferation of cells from the cultured explants and shoot bud growth from the shoot apex and nodal stem explants. The best establishment of aseptic culture was observed on medium M5 (MS + 1.5 “mgl-1” BAP + 0.5 “mgl-1” KIN). The highest swelling of the cultured explants was observed on medium M4 (MS + 2.0 “mgl-1” BAP + 1.0 “mgl-1” KIN). The best caulogenesis was observed on medium M3 (MS + 2.0 “mgl-1” BAP + 0.5 “mgl-1” KIN). Cultured explants leaf were the best for establishment of cultures, swelling and caulogenesis induction. The development of existing shoot bud was the maximum in medium M5 and shoot apex showed better shoot growth compared to nodal stem. The developed shoots can be used as source of new explants and their culture will result in propagule multiplication. Finally, the in vitro developed shoots can be rooted leading to the establishment of micropropagation method in this important remedial plant.
The main aim for this study is to investigate on physiological and bio chemical modification through bio inducer in tube rose infected with root knot nematode, Meloidogyne incognita. Two pot culture experiments was carried out during 2015-2018 for assessment of bio chemicals changes induced by selected bio stimulant in tube rose infected with root knot nematode, M. incognita. In this study bulbs of tuberose var. prajwalwas planted at the rate of 1 bulb/pot with three replications and each replication consist of two pots. The juveniles (1juvinile/g of soil) was inoculated under controlled condition. The pots wastreated with ascorbic acid - corm soaking (24hrs)+ foliar spray (45 & 90 DAP) with various concentration viz.,250 ppm,500 ppm and 1000 ppm, Humic Acid - corm Soaking (24hrs)+ foliar spray (45 & 90 DAP) 1,2 and 3percent, salicylic acid - corm soaking (24hrs)+ foliar spray (45 & 90 DAP)50 ppm, 100ppm and200 ppm, monocrotophos 0.2% - corm soaking (24hrs)+ foliar spray (45 & 90 DAP). Field experiments was conducted at farm of RRS, Paiyur during the period of 2016-2017 The best performed five treatments were callout from pot culture experiments I & II and further experiment was conducted at field conditions in split plot (3mX3m) with three replications. The standard cultural practices were followed as recommended by Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore. The observation viz., Stalk length (Cm), Inflorescences length (cm), Stalk weight(g),Total number of florets, Nematode population in root(5g), Nematode population in soil (200cc), gall index and yield were recorded.
An investigation was carried out at Fruit Research Station, Madhadi Baugh Farm, Department of Fruit science, College of Horticulture, Junagadh Agricultural University, Junagadh during April 2019 to November 2020. The experiment was laid out in Randomized Block Design with Factorial concept (FRBD) consisting three factors with three replications each. The treatment comprised with three levels of pruning and eight treatments of integrated nutrient management. The yield and yield attributes and quality parameters were significantly influenced by various level of pruning. Maximum fruit yield (2.44 t/ha), average weight of fruit (174.11 g), fruit length (6.59 cm), fruit girth (6.83 cm), maximum pulp weight (104.45 g), pulp: seed ratio (8.18), pulp: rag ratio (1.82), minimum number of seed (25.55), weight of seed (13.42 g), maximum total sugar (22.33%), reducing sugar (18.47 %), non-reducing sugar content (3.83%), ascorbic acid (21.55 mg/100g), TSS (22.31°Brix) and minimum acidity (0.25%) were noted in medium pruning at 20 cm (P3). Whereas, minimum days to flower initiation (73.41) was recorded with unpruned tree (P1). The quality parameters were also significantly influenced by organic manures are maximum total sugar (23.34%), reducing sugar (19.34%), ascorbic acid (23.02 mg/100g), TSS (22.74 °Brix) and minimum acidity (0.25%) were recorded in 100% RDN + 10 kg FYM + Azotobacter 15 ml + PSB 15 ml + Micronutrient grade-IV (0.5%) + GA3 25 ppm (F2).
In the Indo-Gangetic Plains of South Asia, the predominant cropping system occupies 13.5 million hectares and consists of rice and wheat. Rice cultivation using the traditional puddle transplanted method requires a lot of water, capital, and energy. The structural integrity of the soil will deteriorate as a result of this system. Additionally, wheat yields are affected by aeration stress because of the formation of hard pans during the rice growing season. Growing plants on a mat-type nursery require specific expertise, and learning how to operate a transplanter puts mechanical transplanting in the background as a secondary choice. Sustainable rice production is possible with the use of direct sowing with zero or reduced tillage if the issues of weeds, nutritional deficiencies, worms, and the establishment of an aerobic variety are dealt with. Direct seeding of rice is an option for sustainable rice production. In addition, rice grown via direct seeding results in lower emissions of greenhouse gases. In this article, we examine the efficacy of directly seeding rice in soils with varying textures and a variety of agroclimatic conditions, as well as the primary challenges that this method presents.
Agriculture in Pakistan is vital for the country's economy and food security, employing over 40% of the workforce and contributing significantly to the GDP. Beside major cash crops, different vegetables and fruits including garlic have a potentially high economic value. Across the farming community, garlic is usually split manually using labor force. For planting purpose, graded garlic cloves are required. Therefore, there is a need for a machine which splits and grades the garlic simultaneously. In this study, a garlic splitter cum grader was developed and its performance was evaluated. According to the results, the machine achieved 48 times more garlic splitting compared to manual labor per working day. Additionally, the machine achieved a material capacity of 6 maund/working hour. The machine was tested at different rpm, clearance, feed rate, and bulb size. In addition, two different varieties of garlic namely Chinese and Desi variety were used for the performance evaluation. The machine splits and grades the garlic cloves into three different categories (i.e., small, medium, large). Furthermore, it was observed that the manual labor only provides splitting service whereas the machine provides splitting as well as grading. It was concluded that the machine could potentially save 346 PKR/maund of split garlic.