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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

IMPACT OF SEASONS ON SEMEN QUALITY IN JAMNAPARI BUCK UNDER PURVANCHAL REGION OF UTTAR PRADESH

Paper ID- AMA-22-05-2024-13061

The experiment was conducted to assess the effect of the different season on Jamnapari bucks on the basis of semen quality. Data on 144 ejaculates from four adult Jamnapari bucks (n = 6x6) were recorded. Semen was collected by the artificial vagina method twice a week, within 6:00 a.m., from each buck, during four seasons: autumn (September to November), winter (December to February), spring (March to May) and summer (June to August). The mean semen volume (1.14±0.06) in winter was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than the mean observed in other seasons. Ejaculate volumes did not differ significantly (P < 0.05) between the seasons. The percent of live sperm count, initial motility, acrosomal integrity, HOS positive spermatozoa, and distance travelled by vanguard spermatozoa were found to be significantly (P < 0.05) higher during autumn and winter than during spring and summer. The abnormal sperm count was lower in autumn (4.50±0.38%) and winter (6.04±0.42%) than in spring (6.50±0.37%) and summer (6.50±0.37%). In conclusion, the study found that seasons had a significant (P < 0.05) effect on individual motility, live sperm count, abnormal sperm, and intact acrosomes, whereas semen volume and sperm concentration/mL did not differ significantly (P < 0.05) between the seasons.

Phylogeny study of methicillin resistance Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) isolates collected from milk and nasal swab associated with ruminants based on genome sequence

Paper ID- AMA-22-05-2024-13060

Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus is an economically important disease causing bacteria for ruminants (Cattle buffalo, sheep and goat). The study examined the milk (350) and nasal swab samples (375) for detection of MRSA. The main goal of this study is genotyping of MRSA isolates are to assign phylogenetic links, clonal relationships, and clonal relatedness to strains between different species of ruminants. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus was identified based on growth in mannitol salt agar mixed oxacillin-resistant selective supplement, Gram’s staining, catalase tests and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) detection of mecA gene. The disc diffusion test was used to determine the antibiotic resistant against methicillin disk and mecA, spa and whole gene sequence typing for genotyping of isolates for preparation of phylogeny tree. Out of 625 samples 171 samples were positive growth in mannitol salt agar mixed oxacillin-resistant selective supplement. These isolates were further characterized by grams staining and catalase test. Out of 171 methicillin resistance S. aureus isolates recovered from cattle, buffalo, sheep and goat during this study, mecA gene was amplified in 137 (80.11 %) isolates with an amplicon size of 533 kb. On the basis of spa gene data, On the basis of spa gene data, the sequences were analyzed and a phylogenetic tree was drawn in Tree-Base in which SPA7 (MRSA isolate from nasal swab sample of goat) was found to be more distantly related to other isolates. Nasal swab and milk from ruminants were positive for MRSA. All mecA positive MRSA isolates were also resistant for methicillin antibiotic disc. Moreover the genotypes of some MRSA isolates were found different in ruminants.

Leaf nutrient analysis of gerbera varieties grown on different growing media under soilless culture

Paper ID- AMA-16-05-2024-13051

Nutrient concentrations in plant tissues are often regarded as the most reliable measure of the nutritional quality of different crops. Leaf nutrition analysis is an excellent way to establish balanced fertilisation techniques. The current study seeks to assess macronutrient content in ten varieties of pot gerbera cultivated on three different growing conditions after 90 days of planting. The experiment was conducted in the polyhouse at the Centre for Protected Cultivation Technology (CPCT), ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute (IARI), New Delhi, from February to May 2022 and 2023, using a completely randomised design with a factorial concept. The results showed that the leaves of var. Glorious Orange grown in Cocopeat + Perlite + Vermiculite (3:1:1) (M2V2) had the highest total leaf nitrogen content (2.45 %), whereas the leaves of var. Bighorn grown in Cocopeat + Perlite + Vermiculite (3:1:1) (M2V9) had the highest leaf phosphorous content (0.42 %). However, the leaves of var. Glorious Yellow exhibited the highest leaf potassium content (3.53 %) when grown in Cocopeat + Perlite + Vermiculite (3:1:1) (M2V4) than in any other treatment combination. There was no significant relationship between varieties and growing media.

EVALUATION OF GENETIC DIVERSITY IN LINSEED GENOTYPES USING AGRO-MORPHOLOGICAL TRAITS AND MICROSATELLITE MARKERS

Paper ID- AMA-16-05-2024-13050

Linseed is an important Rabi season oilseed crop next to rapeseed and mustard in terms of area and production. During the last two decades, flax has attracted great attention to human health mostly because of its desirable fatty acid composition. Genetic variability is crucial in the breeding or selection program of any crop. The success of any genetic program lies in exploiting genetic variability. Diversity analysis of flax is an important component for efficient management and utilization of its genetic resources, and proper handling of the seed certification programs. The present research work the linseed genotypes and understanding its diversity on both morphological and molecular levels and understanding the properties of the linseed. Based on divergence analysis, the genotypes viz., SLS 108, PKDL-167, SLS 111, JLS 67, SLS 123, SLS 118 and TL142 were identified as promising genotypes indicating vast genetic divergence regarding cluster means, intra and inter-cluster distance and per se performances. At the molecular level, twelve SSR markers were found polymorphic. The polymorphic information content (PIC) values were ranged between 0.0555 to 0.6732 with an average PIC value of 0.4020 per primer. This depicted that there is considerable genetic variability amongst the genotypes used in the molecular study and also, this was similar to the results of D2 analysis done based on quantitative data. Unique allele was found for marker Lu-1, Lu-4, Lu-7 and Lu-8 in genotypes JLS-9, PKDL-167, SLS-16 and SLS-115 and the size was about 90 bp, 800 bp, 170 bp and 220 bp, respectively. These markers can be used for selective amplification and identification of the above specific trait/genotypes.

Phytotherapy study of medicinal plants used in the Northern region of the Wilaya of Setif (Ain EL Kebira)

Paper ID- AMA-16-05-2024-13049

This research adds to our understanding of the therapeutic plants that are employed in conventional phytotherapy. The 250 persons that were questioned were included in the questionnaire that we used to do this. Many people have questions about us, especially in relation to the use of medicinal plants. This poll suggests that 63.33% of respondents take conventional medications. This finding demonstrates the value of medicinal herbs in the field of modern medicine. The collected data allowed for the identification of sixty-three medicinal plants, grouped into thirty-two families (the most common being Lamiaceae), three of which are dominant: Apiaceae, Lamiaceae, and Asteraceae. The leaves and the entire plant are the portions that are used the most. Most popular techniques are infusion and decoction.