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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
21 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 05 )
Upcoming Publication
31 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 05 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

PANDEMIC LOCKDOWN: A CAUSE FOR MODIFYING THE FARMING STYLE

Paper ID- AMA-27-07-2023-12481

The goal of the study was to find out if farmers were more likely to use Direct Seeded Rice as a way to save resources than Puddled Transplanted Rice (PTR/transplanting method) when there was a shortage of workers during the COVID-19 lockdown. During the years 2020 and 2021, a study was done in the Haryana district of Kurukshetra on the pandemic and the problems farmers had with it. Randomly, 25 farmers from each of the four towns were chosen for the study. The 100 respondents were then interviewed using a specific interview schedule, empirical data was collected from each responder individually, and the data was then analysed using standard methods. According to the results, most of the respondents (77.50%) were in the Low to Medium category, and 22.50 percent of the farmers were in the High category for the total level of acceptance of DSR technology during the paddy season (Kharif 2020). While most farmers (87.50%) said they would adopt DSR technology at a low to medium level, only 12.50% said they would adopt it at a high level during Kharif 2021. That seems to mean that farmers adopted DSR at a slightly higher rate in 2020 than in 2021. This is because there was a shortage of workers during the Lockdown in 2020, which made them more likely to adopt DSR than PTR*. In fact, farmers need more people to help with transplanting/PTR, and foreign workers were easy to find before the lockdown. This happened so that the farmer would have to start using the DSR Drill/Machine during the Pandemic Lockdown. So the lack of machines during sowing was the biggest problem, since farms needed them more than ever because foreign workers were hard to find because of lockdowns and other problems. Farmers also had to deal with weed growth, not knowing enough about DSR farming, rain before germination, not wanting to change, etc., which were all very important problems that made it hard for them to use DSR technology. Findings also showed that personality traits, such as education, access to farm equipment, exposure to the media, economic motivation, innovativeness, training on DSR technology, contact with extension, and a willingness to take risks, had a positive and significant relationship with the level of adoption of DSR technology at the 0.05 probability level. So, the overall results show that farmers aren't using the recommended practises for DSR. This means that the government needs to do more to raise farmers' awareness and keep up a strong promotion strategy that includes giving DSR farmers better incentives to increase the number of farmers who use DSR.

Postpartum ovarian activity (Follicular development) by Ultra sonographic studies on postpartum anestrous Sahiwal cows

Paper ID- AMA-27-07-2023-12479

Ultra sonographic studies of ovarian activity in postpartum anestrous Sahiwal Cows. A total no. of 14 anestrus Sahiwal cows with normal parturition of more than 65 days after parturition were procured for present study from Bull Mother Experimental Farm (B.M.E.F.), College of Veterinary Sci. & A.H., Anjora, Durg. These animals were randomly divided into two groups. Animals (n = 7) of control group were given to the normal saline and animals (n=7) of treatment group were given to the injection GnRH @ 10 µgm intramuscularly on day 0. The animals in both groups were monitored at three days’ interval for 24 days i.e. day 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 & 24 days using trans rectal ultrasonography (5-7.5 MHz) for development of ovarian follicles. Significantly higher number of animals came in estrus (57.14% Vs. 28.57% (P < 0.05) in treatment than control group. Significantly (P < 0.05) larger follicles were observed on day 3, 12 and 24 The serum progesterone level was higher on day 0, 11 and 22 in treatment group. However, the difference was statistically non-significant.

Phytophthora leaf blight resistance sources in Capsicum annum Leo. and determination of isolate mating type

Paper ID- AMA-26-07-2023-12478

Phytophthora blight and root rot caused by Phytophthora capsici are two independent major disease syndromes in capsicum which cause 40-100 % yield loss in open field conditions and protected structure. The key objective was to develop resistant sources against the P. capsici oomycetes but due to the association of multiple independent pathogens, first we have decided to screen out the lines for blight from locally available isolates in India. Therefore, in the present investigation, we have identified four resistant (0-5%) i.e., AV-143, 116, 132 and 133and one moderately resistant line name AV-144 line (5-10%) from germplasm imported from World Vegetable Centre (AVRDC), Taiwan and two lines CPCT-84 and CPCT-144 from F3segregating population against the P.capsiciisolates collected from Karnataka, South India. The characterized strain of P.capsici was the A1 mating type collected from south India.

Evaluation of Growth Retardant in Hastening the Maturity of Groundnut

Paper ID- AMA-25-07-2023-12477

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is a self-pollinated, auto-tetraploid legume crop with 2n=40 chromosomes and belongs to the family Fabaceae. Mepiquat chloride (MC) is an important growth retardant inhibits vegetative growth and accelerates the development of reproductive parts by reducing plant height, thereby decreasing the distance between the source and sink, resulting in better translocation of photosynthetic into developing pods, which is expected to improve groundnut harvest index. Hence the present study, was conducted on SG99 to test the efficacy of growth retardant mepiquat chloride at five concentrations (100,300,500,700 and 900 ppm) keeping check as control. Single foliar spray of mepiquat chloride was given at 40, 60 and 80 DAS. The growth retardant, mepiquat chloride @700ppm significantly reduced days to initiation of flowering, 50%, completion flowering for 4.0 days whereas SPAD value increased by 4.32%. Similarly, Physiological data recorded at 60 and 90 DAS revealed that plant height, root length, root weight was decreased with mepiquat chloride @700 ppm. However, number of branches, nodules number, and nodules weight, dry weight of root, leaves and shoot were more with mepiquat chloride @700 ppm over control. Hence, our results revealed the effective concentration was 700 ppm of the growth retardant.

Influence of Moringa Oleifera Leaf Meal on the Performance of Layer Japanese Quails (Coturnix Coturnix Japonica)

Paper ID- AMA-24-07-2023-12473

The potential influence of Moringa oleifera leaf meal on the performance and cost economics of layer Japanese quails was evaluated in the year 2020-21. A sufficient quantity of crude protein (30.21%) and fiber (8.12%) were found in the M. oleifera leaf meal. Statistical analysis at the end of sixteen weeks experiment revealed that growth characteristics, nutrient utilization, production, and carcass characters exhibited significantly enhanced values in M. oleifera leaf meal-incorporated diets. The liver and kidney function tests exhibited no organ toxicities in the birds following the dietary incorporation of M. oleifera leaf meal. On top of it, M. oleifera leaf meal-incorporated diets showed a reduction in feed cost per kg egg production in the range of Rs. 20.91-56.17. Of various inclusion levels used in the experiment, 2% was found best for all the parameters studied. At last, M. oleifera leaf meal can be recommended in the diet of layer Japanese quails as a safer, eco-friendly, and cost-effective technology.