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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Zhenkong Kexue yu Jishu Xuebao/Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)

Submission Deadline
10 Feb 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 02 )
Upcoming Publication
03 Feb 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 01 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Biochemical and morphological basis of jassid (Amrasca devastans Dist.) resistance and inheritance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.)

Paper ID- AMA-06-01-2023-11945

Four jassid resistant varieties (lines) were crossed with three high yielding adapted varieties (testers) in a Line x Tester fashion to elucidate morphological (trichome density and gossypol gland density) and biochemical (tannin, total phenols and gossypol content) basis of jassid resistance in cotton. The female parent KC 2 recorded high amount of trichome density, gossypol gland density, tannin, total phenols and gossypol content indicating that the parent KC 2 was highly resistant to jassid. Among the hybrids screened, the hybrids KC 2 x MCU 5, KC 2 x MCU 12, KC2 x MCU 7, SVPR 3 x MCU 5 and Khandwa 2 x MCU 12 were found to be moderately resistant under artificial epiphytotic condition. The correlation between jassid susceptibility grade and trichome density, gossypol gland density and tannin content was negative and significant while far between total phenols and gossypol content with jassid susceptibility grade. The inheritance study indicated that resistance in the parents was due to monogenic dominance or digenic interaction. The morphological and biochemical basis of resistance revealed that the high density of trichomes, total phenols, and gossypol gland density constituted the mechanism of resistance in cotton.

Analysis of the Need for Agricultural Machinery Based on Region and Commodity in Indonesia

Paper ID- AMA-05-01-2023-11940

The objectives of this study are: 1) To assess the potential uses of agricultural machinery, 2) To identify the number and distribution of government machinery aid in Indramayu, and 3) To need analyze of machinery based on a potential commodity. The results of the descriptive analysis revealed that the level of use of agricultural mechanization for rice cultivation in Indonesia in 2018 was an average of 60.5%, where the level of use of agricultural mechanization in 17 provinces in Indonesia had exceeded the national average. The population of the machineries continues to increase where in 2014 the number was only 12,501 units, but in 2020 the number jumped to 365,328 units. Compared to the availability of machineries, there are quite a lot of gaps, namely for tractor as many as 2565 units, thresher 3834 units and combine harvester as many as 1000 units. The policy recommendation are presented.

Adoption of Eco-friendly management practices in vegetable crops by tribal farmers of Madhya Pradesh

Paper ID- AMA-05-01-2023-11936

The eco-friendly farming utilizes most efficiently the traditional practices of crop rotations with legumes, tillage practices to improve soil texture, application of adequate organic matter to sustain, retain and release soil moisture, nutrient to match crop needs and correlation factors of soil ill health. The present study was conducted in Narmadapuaram district of Madhaya Pradesh with 120 respondents of 10 villages which were selected randomly. In the adoption of eco-friendly management practices by vegetable farmers, majority of the respondents (61.67%) were of medium adoption category, followed by 23.33 percent respondents with low adoption and only 15.00 percent respondents with high adoption of eco-friendly technologies. Correlation analysis showed that the vegetable farmers with high level of education, social participation, annual income and having subsidiary occupation along with farming were having more knowledge about eco-friendly management practices in comparison to those with lower level of above stated variables and having only farming as occupation.

Development of a scale to measure impact of Transfer of Integrated Crop Management Technologies developed by M.P.K.V., Rahuri

Paper ID- AMA-01-01-2023-11929

Scale development and validation are critical to much of the work in the social, and behavioural sciences. For systematic and accurate measurement of impact of Transfer of Integrated Crop Management Technologies developed by MPKV Rahuri under Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) on its beneficiaries the scale was constructed by following the [14] of summated ratings suggested by (citation) Edward. Out of the three phases, in the first phase 163 items were generated for covering all aspects of socio-economic impact of Transfer of Integrated Crop Management Technologies developed by M.P.K.V., Rahuri on beneficiaries collected from the various sources such as literatures, extension personnel’s, scientists from agricultural universities and experts from KVK’s. These were segregated under three sub-headings namely economic impact, social impact and agricultural impact and the validity of their content is assessed. In the second phase, the scale was constructed by item selection, pre-testing the questions, administering the survey, reducing the number of items, and understanding how many factors the scale captures. In item selection 163 items were sent to 100 judges comprising of senior faculties and experts in the field of agriculture. After analysis of relevancy preference score given by expert and were edited by following the 14 informal criteria suggested by [4]. One hundred and thirty-three items having mean score value being equal to or higher than the overall mean score was selected for item analysis. These items selected through judge’s opinion were administered to a random sample of 30 farmers from non-sample area. The items are rated by the farmers on five-point continuum vis-a-vis strongly agree, agree, undecided, disagree, strongly disagree. Based on total individual score, the judges were arranged in descending order. Upper and lower 25 per cent of the judges were used as criteria groups to evaluate the individual statements. The critical ratio i.e., the t-value was calculated, and items were selected on the basis ‘t’ value equal to or greater than 1.75. Ninety-four items were selected after ‘t’ value calculation. In the third phase, we carried out scale evaluation, tested and checked the reliability the number of dimensions and their reliability and validity is assessed. The scale with 94 items thus developed was administrated to the 30 farmers who were neither previously interviewed nor had chance to come in the final sample. After period of 15 days the same 30 farmers undertook the test. Thus, we obtained two sets of scores with a very high correlation (r = 0.95) which indicated that the scale is highly reliable. The content validity of the scale was determined through a group of experts as suggested by [11] and it was ensured that items covered the various aspects of socio-economic impact.

Effect of natural plant extracts on wood degradation and chemical constitute after decay test of Pinus roxburghii wood

Paper ID- AMA-31-12-2022-11928

Development of natural wood preservatives for the protection of wood against to the wood degrading agencies. Present investigation was designed to determine the feasibility of natural plant extracts on wood degradation and chemical constitute after decay test of Pinus roxburghii wood. During the study two plants species were selected for the wood preservation in this contest plant extract was extract with the help of two different solvent methanol and petroleum ether from the Acorus calamus and Parthenium hysterophorus. Wood samples treated with extract at various concentration (0.25%, 0.50%, 1.00%, 1.5%, 2%) and one control and exposed with white fungi (Trametes versicolor) for the three months. Treated wood samples show minimum (13.46%) degradation with methanol extract of P. hysterophorus and 13.63% degradation with petroleum ether of A. calamus treated wood sample and maximum degradation was noticed in untreated wood samples, degradation of wood sample was increase with decrease the plant extract concentration. At the same chemical properties of wood sample were also examine after decay test and find out that the maximum clod and hot water soluble extractives and alcohol benzene soluble extractives, lignin and holocellulose content were notice maximum in treated wood sample and decrease with decreasing in the plant extract concentration. Novelty of the study is selected plats show the antifungal property against to the fungi. It is help full in the wood preservation without effect the environmental health and human being.