AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
The growth of the Scenedesmus spinosus microalgae was evaluated in four culture mediums: Z8, Watanabe, Bristol and BG-11, using a pilot raceway photobioreactor. The reactor used had a culture volume of 1.2 m3, it was built of fiberglass and covered with a transparent polycarbonate lid on top to avoid contamination. Turbidity, total solids, solar irradiation, and temperature were measured for a period of 28 days. Biomass growth was evaluated through the change in turbidity over time and gravimetry tests, for the four analyzed culture mediums. The culture medium showing the highest biomass yield over the time corresponded to the Z8 medium, closely followed by Watanabe, while Bristol and BG-11 generated the lowest biomass increment. The highest productivity value corresponded to 55.7 g m-3d-1 with Z8 medium while the lower biomass productivity figure corresponded to 5.6 g m-3d-1 with Bristol medium.
Mango leaf cutting weevil is the important serious pest of mango in sub-Himalayan Terai region of West Bengal. The incidence of leaf cutting weevil was recorded on rejuvenated plants of different mango cultivars Amrapali, Mallika, Himsagar, Fazli and Langra after the emergence of new leaves. The leaf cutting weevil incidence were correlated with different weather parameters like maximum and minimum temperature, relative humidity and rainfall. Among the all-weather parameters the leaf cutting weevil maximum incidence positively correlated with minimum temperature in cvs. Mallika (r = 0.803*) and Langra (r ꞊ 0.720*). In Amrapali the highest incidence was correlated with maximum relative humidity (r ꞊ 0.660*), Fazli (r ꞊ 0.652*) and Himsagar (r ꞊ 0.643*) the maximum incidence was correlated with minimum temperature and maximum relative humidity. Stepwise regression equation was developed to predict the infestation of leaf cutting weevil on rejuvenated mango cultivars as affected by the prevailing weather parameters like temperature, relative humidity and rainfall were considered for individual variables for regression analysis. Maximum regression coefficient (R2 = 0.703) was recorded in Mallika followed by Amrapali (R2 = 0.629), whereas, the minimum value was recorded in Himsagar (R2 = 0.488).
A field experiment was conducted at Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru College of Agriculture and Research Institute, Karaikal during Rabi 2018 to study the nitrogen dynamics in organically cultivated paddy soils of coastal cauvery deltaic region. This study was conducted to evaluate the extent of nitrogen contribution and their dynamics in soil by added organics like green manures (Daincha and sun hemp) and green leaf manures (Pungam and gliricidia) with different levels of vermicompost Viz., 0 t ha-1, 1 t ha-1 and 2 t ha-1. The mineralization pattern of nitrogen is NH4 - N and NO3 - N. During decomposition, before transplanting, after transplanting in early and later stages noted a gradual increase in nitrogen release but steady release observed during mid-stages. In terms of losses, the control registered significantly higher volatilization loss of 1.99 Kg N ha-1 week-1 during second week after transplanting. While the organic treatments registered significantly higher volatilization loss during 13th and 14th week after transplanting. Similarly, the control plot registered significantly higher loss of NO3 - N (2.25 Kg ha-1 week-1) during the 1st week after transplanting and the organic manures showed higher NO3- N loss during 5th to 9th week after transplanting. The total weed removal of nitrogen ranging from 1.8 to 2.6 kg N ha-1. In total, the losses of N from rice soil including crop uptake ranged from 94.6 kg ha-1 in absolute control to 147.2 kg ha-1 in daincha treated plot. As well as, the daincha treated plot resulted a net gain of + 9.6 kg N ha-1 among other green manure / green leaf manure treatments. Among the different vermicompost treatments, application of vermicompost at 2 t ha-1 resulted a net gain of + 4.4 kg N ha-1. From the above observations, it could be concluded that, application of daincha is found to be a suitable green manure for rice crop. Which helps to synchronize and release the nitrogen as per the demand of rice crop.
The continuous depletion of fossil fuel reserves, consequent escalation in fuel prices and growing environmental concerns have triggered a renewed interest in exploration of alternate substrates as a source of energy. The use of renewable energy sources is gaining importance as alternative sources of energy, to reduce emission of greenhouse gases from fossil fuel sources that have impact on global warming. In the context of providing a devolved and sustainable energy supply the potential of anaerobic digestion of biomass is of particular interest. The product of anaerobic digestion of biomass is biogas which is a type of biofuel. Biogas is produced by fermentation of biodegradable materials by microbial consortia employing anaerobic digesters. These digesters can be fed with biomass and during the digestion process, biodegradable wastes are transformed into renewable energy in the form of methane, that can be used for heating, lightening, electricity generation and many other operations.
Water is the foremost natural resource, which is continually expensive and limiting input particularly in arid and semi arid regions, hence needs judicious use to harvest the maximum benefit from this limiting resource. Indian farmers are now finding ways to move from traditional practices to ultramodern technologies for crop production. Lately, drip irrigation is getting positive reception, acceptance, and adoption and plays a significant role in saving the water in water scarce areas. It enables the efficient utilization of limited water with improved water use efficiency. Adaptation of drip irrigation in major field crops of India like wheat, maize, sugarcane, legumes, oilseeds, seed spices is gaining momentum because of its higher productivity. By introducing drip irrigation, it is possible to increase the yield potential of crops by three times with the same amount of water. Enough experimental evidence is available from various parts of the country to suggest that drip technology saves water in comparison to surface method of irrigation from 18.7 to 47.7% in orchards and fruits, 2.1 to 42.9% in field crops, 11.9 to 38% in vegetable crops, 14.3 to 51.3% in root, bulb and tuber crops, 12 to 56% in plantation crops, 36.7 to 46.7% in spice crops and 41.4 % in flowers in a appropriately designed and managed drip irrigation system. Therefore, optimum irrigation levels with drip system would help in enhancing the economic yield as well as water use efficiency of field crops.