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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.

Submission Deadline
07 Dec 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue- 12 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Nov 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue 11 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Enhancing Productivity and Profitability of Pearl millet Through Mechanized Interculture, Suitable Crop Geometry and Agro-chemicals Under Rainfed Conditions

Paper ID- AMA-30-09-2021-10748

A field experiment was carried out during Kharif (July to October) season of 2017 and 2018 at CCSHAU Regional Research Station, Bawal, India to enhance the productivity and profitability of pearl millet through mechanized interculture, suitable crop geometry and agro-chemicals under rainfed conditions of south-western Haryana, India. The crop was infested with Nutsedge (Cyperus rotundus), Carpet weed (Trianthema portulacustrum), Phyllanthus niruri, Barn yard grass (Echinochloa colona), Digera arvensis) and Crow root grass (Dactyloctenium aegyptium) etc. Two mechanized interculture with tractor drawn cultivator 15 and 25 DAS under crop geometry of 60cm ×10cm with seed priming with thiourea 500 ppm solution for 30 minutes before sowing and foliar spray of 0.5% NPK at tillering was found more remunerative with grain yield of 2.77 and 1.93t/ha, and 32 and 74; and 43 and 171 % higher net returns, and B:C ratio of 1.79 and 1.49 compared to the recommended manual interculture operation with wheel hand hoe or kasola at 20-25 and 30-35 DAS under 45cm x 12cm crop geometry during 2017 and 2018, respectively. Mechanized interculture with tractor drawn cultivator twice at 15 and 25 DAS under crop geometry of 60cm ×10cm without seed priming with thiourea and foliar spray of NPK was the second best treatment in terms of B:C during both years viz. 1.68 and 1.45 during 2017 and 2018, respectively.These two treatments also provided efficient control of weed (76 - 88%), however, the WCE (89 - 93%) was bit higher under recommended two interculture operations with Kasola or wheel hand hoe.Weeds allowed to grow throughout the crop season caused yield loss in pearl millet to the extent of 33.7 and 35.1% during 2017 and 2018, respectively.

Antimicrobial Treatment on Cellulosic Fibre using Agro Waste (Lemon Peel)

Paper ID- AMA-30-09-2021-10747

Concern in environment-friendly textile processing techniques has been augmenting in recent years. Natural products are environment friendly, low toxic and less allergenic owing to the presence of large number of structurally diverse active compounds which makes natural agents as promising options for the development of antimicrobial protective textiles. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect of lemon peel treatment on microbial resistant property of cotton fabric. It was found that the cotton fabric treated with lemon peel extract showed 97.89, 98 and 97.16 percent reduction in the growth of P. aeruginosa, E. coli and X. campestris bacteria, 93.49 and 95.83 percent reduction in the growth of B. subtilis and S. aureus bacteria whereas treated fabric showed 94.99, 90.41 and 93.44 percent reduction against A. clavatus, A. flavus and A. awamori fungal strains, respectively. Lemon peel extract treated cotton fabric was further characterized by FESEM and FTIR spectra to study the changes occurred in the fibre structure after treatment.

AID IN AGRICULTURE MECHANIZATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS TO INCREASING RICE PRODUCTION

Paper ID- AMA-29-09-2021-10746

Labor scarcity is a crucial issue in the development of food crop commodities. The complexity of work in rice farming, which starts from land cultivation, requires sufficient and skilled labor. The provision of agricultural mechanization can be a solution to overcome these problems. This paper aims to analyze the impact of agricultural mechanization on rice production. The data used is secondary data, namely the 2018 Inter-Census Agricultural Survey data sourced from the Central Buereu of Statistics and the 2019-2020 Agricultural Mechanization Aid Survey data sourced from the Ministry of Agriculture. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Spearman correlation. The results of the analysis show that the distribution of agricultural mechanization aid has been concentrated in rice production centers. There has been an increase in the use of agricultural mechanization by farmers, especially in lowland rice commodities. The correlation between the amount of agricultural mechanization aid and rice productivity is quite strong (0.479) and significant. The use of agricultural mechanization is considered to have an impact on increasing rice productivity by 84% of respondent farmers. Suggestions that can be given to optimize the use of agricultural mechanization aid are that intensive counseling and assistance are needed in the operation and maintenance of agricultural mechanization. Counseling is also directed at increasing the use of agricultural mechanization in areas of lowland rice production centers. To develop agricultural mechanization, it is advisable to consider the condition of the land, both paddy fields and dry land.

Cultivars and Planting times effect on growth, yield, quality and economics of sweet corn (Zea mays L. Var. Saccharata) under different conditions: Review

Paper ID- AMA-29-09-2021-10745

In order to best utilize the moisture, nutrients and solar radiation and for obtaining high seed yield of good quality, optimum time of sowing should be identified. The taste of sweet corn kernels is 25-30% sweeter than normal corn. At optimum market maturity, sweet corn will contain 5 to 6% sugar, 10 to 11% starch, 3% water-soluble polysaccharides, and 70% water. Sweet corn must be harvested during optimal maturity to obtain best eating quality, a finite capacity of vegetable processing facilities and steady demand for fresh produce necessitate all harvest period. Producers extend harvest by staggering planting dates and planting hybrids with different maturity dates. Factors influencing the productivity of sweet corn and maize are numerous and include environmental conditions, cultivars characteristics, soil management practices and plant population density Knowledge of sweet corn response to environmental conditions has led to improvements in crop production.

Effect of Acidified Base, Alkaline and Acidic Treatments on Extraction and Characterization Process of Bagasse Fiber

Paper ID- AMA-28-09-2021-10744

Bagasse fiber is a byproduct of sugarcane milling. Bagasse is currently used primarily as a fuel in sugarcane mill furnaces. However, the excess production of bagasse waste, as well as the need for sustainable resource use and carbon dioxide neutrality, is an intriguing area to explore and develop biodegradable composite materials from sugarcane bagasse fiber. The goal of this research was to figure out how to separate bagasse fiber and profile it with chemical and physical surface modification techniques in order to improve adhesion and bonding. To remove and characterize raw bagasse, three chemical treatments methods were applied. Sodium hydroxide, sodium hypochlorite, sulfuric acid, and acetic acid were among the extraction device chemicals. Mechanical, thermal, and moisture absorption properties were also considered during the characterization process. To analyze the properties, universal tensile test gage, TGA, DSC, FTIR, XRD, and biological microscope tools were used. The findings revealed that the chemical treatment had an impact on the surface modification of the fiber. When compared to other fiber treatment methods, alkaline treated fibers (concentrated sodium hydroxide) were recommended first for their ease of extraction and best modification in fiber surface property: Moreover, two percent sodium hypochlorite acidified base treatment method were also recommended for their best properties for the development of composite materials.