Journal ID : AMA-04-07-2023-12401
[This article belongs to Volume - 54, Issue - 07]
Total View : 363

Title : Methodology of Identification and Characterization for Sustainable Development of Small and Marginal Farmers in Jammu

Abstract :

The present study was conducted to characterize the status of different farming systems and their impacts on the livelihood of farmers in Jammu. A total of 120 farmers were selected for multistage strategies, out of these 40 organics, 40 inorganic, and 40 integrated farming systems were selected from the study area based on different interventions. Descriptive statistics were derived and calculated for analyzing the socio-economic data. Propensity score matching (PSM) was applied with kernel matching and radius matching methods to assess the impact of organic, inorganic, and integrated farming on farmers’ employment creation and income generation. The results of the baseline survey revealed that out of 120 sample farmers were categorized as follows: landless (15%), marginal (18%) small (44%), medium (14%,) and large (9%), respectively. The highest employment duration for the male gender was 152.5man days/year from farming systems like Crop+ Livestock+ Poultry + Horticulture (C+L+P+H) under integrated farms and for organic and inorganic these values hoisted at 125.5 and 104.5man days /year. The highest returns were obtained from the pulse-mustard-wheat cropping system with a B: C ratio of 2.03 followed by the rice-maize-vegetable cropping system with a benefit: cost ratio of 1.97. The average calorie intake of food secure per household was 2910 kcal, 2793 kcal, and 2854 kcal for organic, inorganic, and integrated farming systems, respectively. To assess the livelihood pattern through the asset pentagon approach, net-worthy improvement was found based on different capitals of farm households practicing in organic, inorganic, and integrated farming. Based on different problems a constraint-facing index (CFI) was calculated to suggest policy recommendations.

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