AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
The diminishing resources of Givotia rottleriformis in natural forest due to its excessive felling and natural poor regeneration. Since the wooden artisans are unable to meet the adequate amount of Poniki wood in toy manufacturing industries. The current study attempted to evaluate the physical properties of Givotia rottleriformis wood such as density, moisture content, water absorption, volumetric swelling and volumetric shrinkage as per IS:1708(1986) and comparison with other wood species like Bombax ceiba, Artocarpus hirsutus, Pterocarpus santalinus, Abies pindrow and Pinus roxburghii. It was found that Bombax ceiba has showed the similar wood physical properties such as density, water absorption, volumetric shrinkage and volumetric swelling apart from other wood species. Based on physical properties hence, it asserted that the Bombax ceiba wood can be suggested as alternate species used for toy making and can fulfil the deficit needs of wooden artisans.
Fruit contain various beneficial compounds that have biological activities and can be used as a source of pharmaceutical and nutraceutical products. Most fruit included in this review contain polyphenolic components that can promote antioxidant effects on human health. Additionally, anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, anti-fungal and chemo preventive effects are associated with these fruit. Other chemicals such as anthocyanins, xanthones, carotenoids, and saponins, in addition to polyphenolics, have health benefits and can be used as nutraceutical and pharmaceutical components. In this review, information on different fruits is presented and discussed with regard to their biological activity of the major com-pounds existing in them. It can be concluded that although fruits are useful sources of nutraceutical and other pharmaceutical components. Fruit consumption is primarily intended to meet certain nutri-tional and catalytic requirements, whilst other dietary categories are intended to meet energetic re-quirements.
Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is an economically important oilseed crops worldwide. Charcoal rot disease incited by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid. is one of the most destructive disease of sesame and causes heavy losses annually. Environmental factors play an important role for development of disease at different growth stages of the crop. Weather factors play a major role in activation, growth and multiplication of the pathogen and subsequently disease development. Time of pathogen attack and progression of disease in relation to prevailing weather conditions is necessary for prediction of disease occurrence and their management. Epidemiological studies showed the onset of charcoal rot varied in sesame varieties HT 1 during different dates of sowing. Among three dates of sowing, the maximum disease incidence was recorded in early sown crop followed by mid sown and minimum in late sown crop in consecutive two years. The quantitative relationship between charcoal rot disease progressions and weather factors on sesame varieties during different dates of sowing revealed that disease incidence was positively correlated with maximum temperature, evaporation and sunshine hours.
This field study was conducted at Research Farm of AICRP for Dryland Agriculture at College of Agriculture (RVSKVV), Indore (MP) during the rabi 2019-20 and 2020-21. Irrigation scheduling (IW: CPE) consisted three different level viz., 0.6 IW: CPE, 0.8 IW: CPE and 1.0 IW: CPE with 6 replications in Randomized Block Design (RBD). Irrigation was applied through drip system having inline emitter of 4 lph (Litre per hour). Results revealed that among the irrigation scheduling, 1.0 IW: CPE recorded the taller plants (188.70 cm), maximum dry matter/plant (179.50 g) and number of leaves/plant (12.70) which was followed by 0.8 IW: CPE. Similarly, irrigation at 1.0 IW: CPE recorded the highest values of number of cobs/plant (2.67), cob length (29.5 cm) and weight of cob without husk (311.90 g) followed by 0.8 IW:CPE and 0.6 IW:CPE. 1.0 and 0.8 IW: CPE scheduling increased green cob yield by 10.9 and 9.3 per cent over 0.6 IW: CPE scheduling. Among the irrigation scheduling, 0.8 IW: CPE gave maximum net returns of ₹255796/ha and B:C ratio of 5.73. The maximum WUE (38.41 kg/ha-mm) followed by 47.32kg/ha-mm and 57.70 kg/ha-mm were observed in 1.0 IW:CPE, 0.8 IW:CPE and 0.6 IW:CPE, respectively. Harvested rainwater in the farm pond can be used for high remunerative crops i.e. sweet corn for obtained the better profit. Hence, it is concluded that for getting higher production and net returns from rabi sweet corn can be achieved by adopting proper irrigation scheduling from harvested rainwater.
Based on uniformity in respect of age and tree vigor, 22 representative orchards were selected and “Dashehari” variety of mango was selected for study. Soil (0-30, 30-60 and 60-90 cm depths) and plant (leaf) samples collected from mango orchards were analyzed for physico-chemical properties (pH, EC, OC) and macro-nutrients (N, P, K, Ca, and Mg, S). The Organic carbon contents were medium to high. The per cent coefficient of variations found high in soil and plants could be due to variations in parent material and orchard management practices. Electrical conductivity was positively and significantly correlated with Potassium, Calcium and Magnesium and Organic carbon with Calcium and Magnesium. Available Phosphorus exhibited positive and significant relationship with their respective leaf nutrient contents. Soil samples were collected from three depth of soil viz., 0-30cm, 30-60 cm and 60-90 cm and analyzed for various physico- chemical properties and nutrient status. Leaf and fruit samples were also collected from the same orchards and analyzed for nutrient content, quality parameters and yield. These mango orchards have shown variation in soil pH 6.24-7.42, Electrical conductivity 0.05-0.27 ds/m, Organic carbon (0.21-1.90 %) from surface layer 0-30 cm, pH 6.30- 7.46 and 6.33-7.48, Electrical conductivity 0.04- 0.25ds/m and 0.03-0.24 ds/m and Organic carbon (0.18- 1.86 %) and (0.15-1.84%) from the sub- surface layer 30-60 cm and 60-90 cm. Nitrogen (107.10-298.26), (75.60-282.63) and (57.80-280.15) kg ha-1 from the surface and sub- surface of the soil layers. Phosphorus (7.60-22.90), (6.90-20.00) and (6.20-18.42) kg ha-1 Potassium (95.10-224.23), (90.00-217.19) and (79.34-210.00) kg ha-1 Calcium (4.02-6.35), (4.00-6.32) (4.00-6.29) [c mol (p+) kg]-1 from the soil depth 0-30, 30-60 and 60-90 cm, Magnesium (2.18-3.32), (2.16-3.28) (2.14-3.28) [c mol (p+) kg]-1 and Sulphur (12.60-19.74), (10.40-17.90) and (9.80-16.95) kg ha-1. The leaf nutrients ranged Nitrogen (1.10-2.22%), Phosphorus (0.11 -0.21%) Potassium (0.19-0.41%), Calcium (1.8-2.24 %), Magnesium (0.42-0.82 %) and Sulphur (0.04-0.25 %) respectively.