AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Demand Driven and Doorstep Transfer of Technology through Convergence of Common Service Centres (CSC) – Hub and Spokes Model is an innovative approach to bridge the gap between technology and farmers. The research gap of the study was found to be perception and expectation of the farmers towards CSC. Hence assessing the impact of the CSC and analysing the service quality of the centre was the main focus of the research. Results revealed that 97.00 % of the farmers reported that time has been efficiently managed at the CSC in disseminating agricultural technology. 78.40 per cent of the farmers reported that the charges obtained by the Village Level Entrepreneur for delivering service through CSC was not so high. It was also found that 92.40 % of the farmers had easy access to the centre. The implication of the study led to the development of empirical model showcasing the user satisfaction and benefits given by the CSC to the farmers and the actual expectation from the farmers. The study identified that there was a significant difference between farmer’s service expectation and farmer’s service perception. The technology had high impact since, the time of intervention was correlated with Nivar & Burevi flood and majority of the farmers welcomed this technology as a means of applying crop insurance.
Rice root knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola is a concern to global rice production, yet it is underexplored in many regions where it is cultivated. To gain a better understanding of M. graminicola prevalence and incidence in Tamil Nadu (India), M. graminicola isolates were obtained from soil and root samples and identified using perineal patterns and rDNA ITS-based sequencing. Galling index, root-knot nematode juveniles per root system and juveniles per 200 cc of soil were used to assess the severity of nematode infestation on rice roots and infested fields in various regions. Our findings show that rice is severely infested by a genetically varied and aggressive M. graminicola, demanding the successful implementation control strategies in rice. Both the conventional posterior cuticular pattern method as well as the molecular characterization method were used to validate the identity of the root-knot nematode (M. graminicola). Molecular study revealed that M. graminicola produced a single band of 790 bp for Meloidogyne graminicola isolate TNAU004 cytochrome c oxidase subunit I (COX1) gene and 764 bp Meloidogyne graminicola isolate TNAU003 large subunit ribosomal RNA gene. Each genus is given a detailed description, including morphometrics, illustrations, and key traits.
Climate variability caused by global warming affects the inflow, outflow, and water discharge in the dam and ultimately affecting the crop production. Water supplies are substantially impacted by climate change and hydrological conditions of different regions, particularly the river basins. The Papanasam dam had an inflow of 5114 to 9330 m3/s in normal rainfall years and 7491 to 9523 m3/s during the excess rainfall years. The water released during the normal and excess rainfall years ranged from 113 to 167 days. In Manimuthar dam, water release days varied from 133 to 144 days during excess years. In deficit years, the water release days ranged from 55 to 90 days. In the normal years, Manimuthar dam had an inflow of 4092 to 7413 m3/s, 6764 to 7822 m3/s in the excess years and 3621 to 4497 m3/s in the deficit years. To conclude that, the best rice-based cropping system under excess rainfall situation is rice –rice followed by rice-maize and rice-pearl millet. During deficit years, pulse crops perform better than other crops. In normal rainfall years, the performance of rice-based cropping system follows the order of rice-rice, rice-maize, rice-pearl millet, rice-sorghum and rice-pulses.
Flower chafer beetle is a damaging pest of pulse flowers. However, its occurrence on maize cob has not been reported in maize. In this study, infestation of flower chafer beetle on maize cob was reported incidentally from Bundelkhand region of India. The invasion of flower chafer beetle was recorded in farmer field from three districts (Jhansi, Datia, and Tikamgarh) of Bundelkhand region. The level of infestation recorded was 5-7 beetles per five plants on maize cob at the time of peak grain formation time. Adult beetles were found to feed vigorously on the maize grain. Important taxonomic characters of the flower chafer beetle found on maize were also recorded in this study. Maximum infestation was found in Pipra-Jhansi at a cob formation stage in maize while the minimum infestation was observed in maize cob at Daryankala – Tikamgarh. The local check showed minimum infestation as compared to single cross hybrids (DHM-121, DHM-117). The maximum yield was obtained from a single cross hybrid (DHM-121, DHM-117) and minimum yield from a local check. Regular monitoring of flower chafer beetle on maize should be carried out in order to assess its damage potential and to develop appropriate management practices.
In 2016, the Government of India formed a Committee on Doubling Farmers Income to suggest ways and strategies to double farmers’ income in India within a period of five years. In 2018, the committee submitted its holistic report in fourteen volumes to the Government to address the issues in Indian Agriculture and to uplift its status from subsistence to an enterprise. Of several recommendations, the committee suggested promoting secondary agriculture i.e. raising a secondary economy in rural India which means rural enterprises. The committee strongly believed that secondary agriculture can not only augment farm household incomes, it can also create enormous employment opportunities in rural India. One of the secondary agriculture avenues suggested by the committee were those that utilize crop waste or residues and turn them into wealth. This paper presents the need, scope and opportunities for secondary agriculture in rural India highlighting the potential of waste to wealth generating enterprises. Taking an example of unsold vegetables, the study makes an attempt to present the annual profitability of such an enterprise. Results reveal that an unit of 30000 Kg production per annum has the potential of generating a Benefit Cost Ratio of 1.68 and 1200 mandays of annual employment.