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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Breeding and evaluation of Pleurotus sp. for short duration and high yielding potential by intraspecific hybridization

Paper ID- AMA-13-12-2022-11882

Pleurotus is a dominant genus comprising several edible species of great commercial significance. Crop duration of the commercially cultivated Pleurotus sp. is 45 to 50 days. Breeding of new strains for improved quality, early maturity and biological efficiency is an emerging concept. P. djamor isolate woody-1 was collected as natural selection and was found to be short cropping duration of 30 days but it is less palatable having rough texture in nature. It produced very thin, loose and non-rhizomorphic mycelia appearing dull white colour. This isolate was crossed with commercially available Pleurotus variety P. florida having long crop duration of 48-50 days but it is palatable and producing thick, compact and rhizomorphic mycelia with bright white colour. This study investigated to produce and evaluate hybrid progenies having short duration with high yielding potential through intraspecific hybridization between P. djamor isolate woody-1 and P. florida. Hybrid strains viz., K7Pf5, K1Pf4 and K4Pf4 produced 1st primordia in 12-14 days after spawning with total cropping duration of 33-40 days. The efficiency of hybrids produced were compared with their parents and also with other commercially available varieties (P. djamor MDU1 and P. eous var APK-1). Hybrid cultivar governing short duration with enhanced yield and high biological efficiency along with other desirable traits were identified for the benefit of mushroom farmers.

Study on supplemental protease on growth performance and serum biochemical parameters in broiler chicken

Paper ID- AMA-13-12-2022-11881

Protease supplementation in the diet will allow decreasing the inclusion of soybean meal and permitting to other cheaper protein sources without compromising the nutrient value and ultimate performance. A broiler trial was conducted for a period of 42 days to study the efficacy of protease enzyme addition in the performance of broilers. A total of 500 commercial broiler chicks were divided into 5 treatment groups (T1, T2, T3, T4 and T5). The protease enzyme was added in T4 and T5 at the rate of 0.6 kg per ton. Broiler pre starter, starter and finisher diet was formulated. The temperature during pelleting process was 80-85 oC with the maximum time duration of 45 seconds and the crumble feed was prepared from pellet. Based on the production performance, the cost effectiveness was calculated. The feed conversion ratio was significantly better in protease enzyme supplemented groups when compared to control diet and negative control treatment. The better FCR (1.75) was noted in protease supplementation (0.6 kg/ton) with 100 kcal ME and 1.0 percent protein reduced treatment. Dressing percentage and intestinal length was significantly higher in protease supplementation The protease supplemented group showed lower (Rs 4.57 to 6.59) feed cost than control group.

Performance of coriander (Coriandrumsativum L.) for year round production of foliage under shade net and open field condition.

Paper ID- AMA-12-12-2022-11880

The coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is a cool season crop and can be successfully cultivated in rabi season on black cotton or other type of heavy soils which have better water retention capacity. The study was conducted at the Department of Spices and Plantation Crops, Horticultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore during 2017  and 2018 to study the effect of season of sowing on foliage yield and quality of coriander under two different growing condition viz., open field and shade net (50%) with the variety CO (CR) 4. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Block Design (RBD) with eighteen treatments replicated thrice. Under Shade net grown coriander yielded well compare to open field condition. In open field condition there was no germination observed during summer months (March, April and May) while in shade net condition slight reduction of yield was observed compared to other months. In case of quality, there were no maximum significance was observed between open field and shade net condition.  In case of effect on month of sowing, October month recorded high yield and quality for both the condition. From this study it can be concluded that, to obtain high yield and quality coriander October season under open field condition and year round production under shade net with slight yield reduction during summer can be suggested.

Influence of Rooting media and Plant Growth Regulators in Enhancing the Seedling Vigour of Sugarcane under Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI)

Paper ID- AMA-12-12-2022-11879

Sugarcane is an important annual crop mailed propagated by setts. But bud chips are used under Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI) which needs to vigourous seedlings. Therefore, the present experiment was conducted during the special season of 2020-2021 at Sugarcane Research Station, Cuddalore, Tamil Nadu this experiment was conducted to study the influence of combining different mediums like Cocopith, Vermicompost, Pressmud, Farm Yard Manure (FYM) on seedling vigour of sugarcane under Sustainable Sugarcane Initiative (SSI). The experiment was laid out in CRD replicated thrice with 8 treatments using CoC 13339 as test variety. The treatments consisted of combinations different combinations of cocopeat, vermicompost, compost pressmud and farmyard manure along with growth regulators. The germination percentage, root shoot ratio, seedling vigour and chlorophyll content were observed. It was concluded that pre-plant treatment of sugarcane bud chips with plant growth promoters NAA 1mM and CaCl2 1mM and 75% coirpith along with 25% vermicompost improved sprouting percentage and seedling establishment. Hence, it improved the performance of novel bud chip technology for producing vigorous seedlings.

Optimization of wholesome composite cereal and fruit-based smoothie employing Response Surface Methodology

Paper ID- AMA-09-12-2022-11876

Smoothies are characterized as beverages having better nutritional and functional properties due to inclusion of variety of ingredients. These can be further categorized as dairy and non-dairy, on the basis of choice of ingredients utilized. In the present study, the milk-based smoothie fortified with vital cereal (constituting oats, chia seeds) and fruits-based ingredients (antioxidant-rich fruit-the blueberries) was developed. To start with, various preliminary trials were conducted to select the range for major ingredients which has major influence on the sensory parameters of the beverage. However, to further narrow down these ranges and visualizing minor effect of these entities on sensory & physico-chemical properties, modern mathematical optimization tool of response surface methodology (RSM) was utilized. To bring out a uniform composition, concentration of chia seeds, and milk composition was remained constant. The estimation of a comprehensive quadratic model with interaction effects was made possible by using a Box-Behnken experimental design with three levels on the three most important parameters. It was observed that the concentration of all parameters (oats, honey and blueberries) had significant effect on the sensory attributes (P≤0.05). The optimization exercise brought a composition of 1.5, 6.5 and 6.0 percent oats, honey & blueberries with maximum desirability of 0.923, approaching to 1. Examined models effectively demonstrated the significant influence on different process parameters indicating significant regression of coefficients (R2>85%). Non-significant results difference between predicted and observed values validated the authenticity of optimization applied.