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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
21 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 05 )
Upcoming Publication
31 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 05 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Effect of Nano-chitosan, Nano-micronutrients and Bio capsules on Vegetative growth, flowering and fruiting attributes of Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) cv. Winter dawn

Paper ID- AMA-22-05-2023-12268

The Department of Horticulture at Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences in Prayagraj (U.P.) conducted a research study titled "Effect of Nano-chitosan, Nano-micronutrients and Bio capsules on growth, flowering and fruiting attributes of Strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa) cv. Winter dawn" during the academic years of 2020–2021 and 2021–2022 at their Research Farm. A Randomised Block Design with three replicates was used to test fifteen treatments that utilised different combinations of N, P, K, nano chitosan, bio capsules, and nano particles of ZnO and FeO. The primary aim of the experiment was to assess the impact of nano technology on the growth, flowering, and fruiting characteristics of strawberry cv. Winter dawn. According to the findings of this study, application of treatment T14 [N P K (RDF) + Nano chitosan 100 ppm (Soil drenching) + Bio capsule 500ppm + foliar application of ZnO and FeO nano particles (NPs)] proved to be most effective treatment to increase growth, flowering, and fruiting traits of strawberry.

Impact of Integrated Nutrient Management on Wheat Productivity, Nutrient Uptake and their Use Efficiency in Sub-tropical India

Paper ID- AMA-18-05-2023-12265

A two-year (2021-22 to 2022-23) field experimentation was carried out in Rabi seasons to evaluate the impact of various integrated sources of nutrient management on uptake of nutrient, their use-efficiency, and productivity for enhancing fertilizer use-efficiency and productivity of wheat crop in Sub-tropical India, which was initiated at crop research centre of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Uni. of Agri. & Tech., Meerut. The trial was carried out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with three replications and fourteen integrated nutrient management treatments viz., T1-Control, T2-100% recommended N:P:K (150:75:60 kg/ha), T3-50% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha, T4-50% recommended N + 50% N through vermicompost + bio-stimulant-G @20kg/ha, T5-50% recommended N + bio-stimulant-G @20kg/ha, T6-75% recommended N + 50% N through vermicompost, T7-75% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + bio-stimulant-G @20kg/ha, T8-FYM @10t/ha + bio-stimulants toggle (containing marine extracts) @ 2.9 l/ha, T9-FYM @10t/ha + bio-stimulant voyagro (containing proline, glycine betaine and glutamic acid) @ 585 ml/ha, T10-100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha, T11-FYM @10t/ha + NPK biofertilizer + urea @ 20kg/ha, T12-FYM @10t/ha + biofertilizer mixture (A. chrococcum + AMF + B.circulans) + bio-stimulant-L @ 625 ml/ha foliar spray each at 45 and 60 DAS, T13-100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + azatobacter and T14-50% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + 25% N through vermicompost. Among the various treatments, the results revealed that (T13) receiving 100% recommended N + FYM @ 10 t/ha + azatobacter was found to have significantly higher yield attributing characters, grain yield, and straw yield, total NPK uptake, and their use-efficiency of both years comparing to other treatments. T13 recorded highest yield attributes characters i.e., effective tillers, length of ear, spikelets /spikes number, grains/spike number and 1000-grain weight (84.5 & 81.7), (12.6 & 12.4 cm), (17.9 and 17.4), (49.7 and 49.6) and (40.2g and 40.1g) during 2021-22 and 2022-23 in comparison to control (T1) with no-nutrient application applied respectively. Crop with application of 100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + azatobacter (T13) increase in yield of grain in compared to control plot by 79.6% (47.6 q/ha) and maximum yield of straw was obtained with application of 100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + azatobacter (T13). Maximum total NPK uptake (41.7 to 116.3 kg/ha & 39.9 to 112.3 kg/ha), (6.1 to 22.5 kg/ha & 5.8 to 21.6 kg/ha), and (48.7 to 120.8 kg/ha & 45.7 to 116.5 kg/ha) was recorded with incorporation of 100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + azatobacter (T13), followed by 75% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + bio-stimulant-G 20kg/ha (T7) respectively, and significantly better than rest of the treatments during both years. Lowest total uptake of NPK was recorded in (T1) control plots. Raising the level of NPK from control to treatment (T13) crop fertilized with the 100% recommended N + FYM @10t/ha + azatobacter recorded the higher agronomic efficiency (35.2 & 35.1 kg seed/kg NPK) in wheat. The lowest combined NPK agronomic efficiency of 3.8 & 3.8 kg seed/kg NPK was recorded in (T5) 50% recommended N + bio-stimulant-G @20kg/ha. The maximum physiological efficiency (194.6 & 152.5 kg/kg NPK) was attained, when level of NPK was increased from control to T5. The lowest physiological efficiency of 28.4 & 27.1 kg/kg NPK was found in treatment T12 during both the years. When NPK levels were increased from control to T13 over both years, the best apparent recovery efficiency of NPK applied in wheat (118.0 & 120.2%) was observed. During both the years, T5 had the lower apparent recovery efficiency (4.0 & 5.1%).

COMPARATIVE Antibacterial Activity OF Commercialized Gel; Hydro-Alcoholic Gel and Aloe Vera-based Gel: AN IN-VITRO Study.

Paper ID- AMA-15-05-2023-12261

Aloe Vera plant is reliable and has potential to cure bacterial infection in contrast to conventional antibiotics. Aloe Vera gel can be used to prevent the risk of transmission of virus, bacteria or fungi through hand contamination. They are used more in health sector and in the pharmaceutical industry to avoid contamination among people. This renewed interest comes the fact that medicinal plants represent an inexhaustible source of natural bioactive substances and compounds. Aloe Vera gel at higher concentration showed anti-bacterial property. Anti-microbial activity of the Aloe Vera gel was tested by the Agar well diffusion method (AWDT). Staphylococcus aureus, klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Candida albicans strains were used in this work. For Hydro-alcoholic solution, the highest inhibition diameter (40 mm) is observed with the Staphylococcus aureus strain while the lowest inhibition diameter (18 mm) is recorded in Escherichia coli. For the Aloe Vera gel; the highest inhibition diameter (30 mm) was observed against the Bacillus strain while no effect on the Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, klebsiella and C. Albicans strains is recorded. For the commercialized gel; Inhibition diameter (14 mm) was observed against the klebsiella strain (while on the rest of the tested strains). The aim of this study were to determine the antimicrobial and inhibitory activities of various concentrations of Aloe Vera Gel (AVG) against pathogenic bacteria and made a comparaison with hydro-alcohol solution (HAS).

Mechanical transplanting of rice for reducing water, energy, and labor footprints with improved rice yields in the Tropics

Paper ID- AMA-14-05-2023-12260

Traditional rice transplanting is water, energy, labor, and capital-intensive, causing sustainability challenges like diminishing subsurface water table, soil health, and escalating greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming. Labor shortages during transplanting occur due to agricultural workers moving to cities for better pay. Low plant density under the traditional transplanting method forces farmers to use more inputs viz. fertilizers and pesticides, which raises cultivation costs and lowers grain output. Under these conditions, rice transplanting must be cheap and labor-saving without compromising potential grain yield. Mechanical transplanting of rice (MTR) improves crop production and ensures timely transplanting. Mechanical rice transplanting is profitable and simple. Due to high initial investment and low awareness of growing mat-type nurseries, field acceptance is low despite its superiority over conventional transplanting. Technical talent, timely availability, and tailored employment may help farmers adopt mechanized transplanting. MTR is a promising, sustainable, and climate-smart technique to promptly transplant rice seedlings in texturally dissimilar soils, which reduced the labor and energy footprints with reduced greenhouse emissions, and higher rice land productivity, profitability, and sustainability. This review examined the pros and cons of mechanical transplanting on rice productivity and profitability after identifying the gaps that need to be filled for its better adoption.

Implementation of Smart Farming and intimation system through SMS using RASPBERRY PI and TELEGRAM

Paper ID- AMA-12-05-2023-12257

In this paper, we discuss about how to use a Telegram bot for smart farming on our farmland. As technology advances, the world becomes smarter, and new technologies are created on a daily basis. There are other options to automate smart agriculture, including web servers and websites, but we are currently experimenting with the telegraph app, which is available on both Windows and Android smartphones. The suggested system's capacity to track temperature, humidity, and wetness using sensors and NodeMCU is one of its features. It can do this while also sending SMS alerts and notifying the farmer's smartphone app about the situation. We will install a programme on the Raspberry Pi that allows us to access or manage devices located anywhere in the globe. The Raspberry Pi 3 board is being used to execute the smart automation, although other microcontrollers can also be used to accomplish this. It has a DC motor, moisture sensor, temperature sensor, and humidity sensor. This system begins to measure the level of moisture and humidity. The sensors are used to detect the water level, and if it falls below a certain threshold, the system immediately begins watering. This helps to prevent manual error and reduces the amount of labour required to manually swap the devices. The idea's objective is to increase farmer procurement in the agricultural industry by decreasing human participation.