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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.

Submission Deadline
02 Dec 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue- 12 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Nov 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue 11 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Effect of Chitosan and Mulching on Yield attributing characters and Yield Of Sweet pepper

Paper ID- AMA-01-11-2022-11777

Field experiments were carried out to study the effect of Chitosan and mulching on yield attributing characters and yield of sweet pepper (CV. Indra) in Rayagada district of Southern Odisha during September-January of 2019-20 and 2020-21. The experiments were laid out in Factorial Randomized Block Design with three replications and twelve treatments viz., T1: No mulch + No Chitosan, T2: No mulch + Chitosan@ 20PPM, T3: No mulch + Chitosan@40PPM, T4: No mulch + Chitosan@60PPM, T5: Silver Plastic mulch + No Chitosan, T6: Silver Plastic mulch+ Chitosan @20 PPM, T7: Silver Plastic Mulch +Chitosan @ 40 PPM, T8: Silver Plastic Mulch + Chitosan @ 60PPM, T9: Paddy Straw Mulch@ 7.5t/ha + No Chitosan, T10: Paddy Straw mulch @ 7.5t/ha + Chitosan @ 20PPM, T11: Paddy Straw Mulch@ 7.5t/ha + Chitosan @ 40PPM, T12: Paddy Straw Mulch @ 7.5t/ha + Chitosan @ 60PPM. The present study revealed that the maximum plant height (48.62 cm) was obtained with Paddy straw mulch + Chitosan 60PPM, where as maximum fruiting branches (8.20), maximum fruit weight (106.80g), polar diameter (7.75cm), shoulder diameter (6.51cm) and fruit yield (31.55t/ha) was recorded with Silver Plastic Mulch + Chitosan @ 40 PPM. The less the number of days required for flowering and fruiting the fruit can reach the market early and can fetch higher price which was directly related to higher return to the farmer and it was obtained by application of Chitosan @ 60 PPM with silver plastic mulching (21.9 days for flowering and 52.7 days for fruiting).

MULTI MILLETS BASED THERAPEUTIC FOOD MIXES FOR NUTRITIONAL SECURITY

Paper ID- AMA-01-11-2022-11776

Millets are a group of highly variable small seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops/ grains for fodder and human food. In India, eight millets species (Sorghum, Pearl millet, Finger millet, Foxtail millet, Kodo millet, Proso millet, Barnyard millet and Little millet) are commonly cultivated under rain fed conditions. The diet based on millets and leafy vegetables having antidiabetic properties gives a new approach in the treatment of diabetic mellitus. The study was carried out to formulate multi millet based convenient chappathi and dosa mix with incorporation of dried drumstick and palak leaves and evaluated the anti diabetic effect of these mixes in alloxan induced diabetic albino rats. All the developed four mixes are scored higher acceptability and provided high amount of fibre, iron and beta carotene. In the anti diabetic study, rats were divided into 6 groups of 6 animals each. Group 1 served as non diabetic control, Group 2 as diabetic control and Groups 3,4, 5 and 6 served as treatment groups. Diabetic was induced in rats by administration of alloxan monohydrate (150mg/kg) through the intra peritoneal route. Treatment groups (G3-G6) received diet of (100mg/kg of body weight) multi millets drumstick leaves chappathi mix (T1); multi millet palak leaves chappathi mix (T2); multi millet drumstick dosa mix (T3) and multi millet palak leaves dosa mix (T4) respectively. After the 28 days of treatment, diabetic rats showed highly significant reduction in blood glucose levels when compared to diabetic control and non diabetic groups. Hence the study concluded that multi millets and leafy vegetable based instant mixes have an effective antidiabetic property which controlling the blood glucose levels in the rats and also this study will create a new avenue to formulate the special convenient food mixes for diabetic people.

Contact toxicity and the effect on progeny of Ocimum basilicum and Jasminum grandiflorum essential oils against Rhyzopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum.

Paper ID- AMA-31-10-2022-11775

Current study undertaken to find out the insecticidal properties of essential oils extracted from two local plants namely Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum (Fam. Oleaceae) and Basil Ocimum basilicum Var, (Fam. Lamiaceae) against two of major stored insects (Tribolium castaneum, and Rhyzopertha dominica). Results showed that for T. castaneum basil absolute had the strongest contact effect at all exposure periods of exposure with LC50 of (2690.0, 2270.0 and 1735.0 mg/kg) after 24, 48 and 120 h of exposure, respectively. Also showed that all tested essential oils had an effect on adults of R. dominica. However, basil absolute had the strongest effect with LC50 of (489.8 and 842.7 mg/kg) after 48 and 24 h of exposure, respectively. Based on LT50 values for T. castaneum basil absolute had the strongest effect with LT50 of 0.34 h, However for R. dominica all tested essential oils had an effect and with the highest concentration (5000 mg/kg) basil absolute had the strongest effect with LT50 of 6.60 h. The results show that all tested essential oils had an inhibition effect on T. castaneum at all concentrations. With the highest concentration (7500 mg/kg) basil oil had the strongest effect with 100% reduction. The results show that all tested essential oils had the same inhibition effect on R. dominica at all concentrations with 100% reduction.

Measuring the toxic and repellent effect of Cinnamomum zeylanicum and Elettaria cardamomum essential oils on two stored products insect pest

Paper ID- AMA-30-10-2022-11770

Botanical products are the best alternative to chemical insecticides to minimize the negative impact. In this work, Cinnamomum zeylancium essential oils (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Elettaria cardamomum (Zingiberales: Zingiberaceae) were evaluated to determine toxicity, repellent and detrimental effects on progeny of Sitophilus granarius (linnaques) (Coleoptera: Curculiondae) and Tribolium confusum (jacquelindu val) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Furthermore, to assess grain weight loss percentage. Chemical analysis of the testing materials was conducted using a GC-MS method to recognize the main components of the tested materials which probably had the toxic effect. The obtained results showed that, the two essential oils at all concentrations have higher repellent effect on T. confusum than S. granarius. Elettaria Cardamomum is an effective toxic and repellent agent against the two tested insects at all concentrations. Elettaria cardamomum LC50 values 2.18, 8.96 ml/kg compared to 5.15, 12.97 ml/kg for C. zeylanicum against S. granarius and T. confusum respectively. However, T. confusum is more tolerant. In addition, the two botanical oils inhibited the emerged adults and reduced the weight loss of grains. Chemical analysis of essential oils of C. zeylancium and E. cardamomum revealed that the majority of them was Cinnamaldhyde (63.13%) and a-terpinayl-acetate (47.64%) for C. zeylancium and E. cardamomum respectively.

Direct Seeded Rice cultivation technology- Acceptance Status in Haryana state of India

Paper ID- AMA-29-10-2022-11767

Production of conventional puddled transplanted rice is facing severe constraints because of water and labor scarcity and climatic changes. Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) is a feasible alternative with good potential to save water, reduce labor requirement, mitigation of green house gases (GHGs) emission and adaptability to climate risks. Considering its importance, an exploratory study was carried out in Haryana state during 2020-21 with an objective to examine the acceptance of DSR cultivation technology and constraints faced by farmers during its acceptance. Present study was conducted in Haryana during 2020 & 2021, Selecting 2 districts randomly, two blocks were selected randomly, from each selected district, further two villages from each selected block and then twenty farmers from each selected village were selected at random. Thus, a total of 160 farmers were selected for the study. The primary data were obtained through personal interview method using a structured interview schedule. Findings of the study revealed that majority of the farmers belonged to middle age group having medium size of farm, educated up to secondary school, medium category of mass media exposure, economic motivation, most of them, i.e. 88.20 per cent belonged to Low to Medium category of The overall adoption of DSR cultivation. However, very serious constraints in acceptance of DSR technology were viz., infestation of weeds, inadequate knowledge of DSR, occurrence of rain before germination, unwillingness to change and non-availability of DSR machine at the time of sowing, etc. The correlation and regression of different variables, i.e. education, land holding, availability of farm equipments, mass media exposure, extension contact, economic motivation, risk orientation and innovativeness exhibited positive and significant correlation with adoption level of DSR technology at 0.05 level of probability.