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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin Dalian Haishi Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Dalian Maritime University

Submission Deadline
02 Mar 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 03 )
Upcoming Publication
29 Feb 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 02 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

COMPARATIVE Antibacterial Activity OF Commercialized Gel; Hydro-Alcoholic Gel and Aloe Vera-based Gel: AN IN-VITRO Study.

Paper ID- AMA-15-05-2023-12261

Aloe Vera plant is reliable and has potential to cure bacterial infection in contrast to conventional antibiotics. Aloe Vera gel can be used to prevent the risk of transmission of virus, bacteria or fungi through hand contamination. They are used more in health sector and in the pharmaceutical industry to avoid contamination among people. This renewed interest comes the fact that medicinal plants represent an inexhaustible source of natural bioactive substances and compounds. Aloe Vera gel at higher concentration showed anti-bacterial property. Anti-microbial activity of the Aloe Vera gel was tested by the Agar well diffusion method (AWDT). Staphylococcus aureus, klebsiella pneumoniae, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus and Candida albicans strains were used in this work. For Hydro-alcoholic solution, the highest inhibition diameter (40 mm) is observed with the Staphylococcus aureus strain while the lowest inhibition diameter (18 mm) is recorded in Escherichia coli. For the Aloe Vera gel; the highest inhibition diameter (30 mm) was observed against the Bacillus strain while no effect on the Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, klebsiella and C. Albicans strains is recorded. For the commercialized gel; Inhibition diameter (14 mm) was observed against the klebsiella strain (while on the rest of the tested strains). The aim of this study were to determine the antimicrobial and inhibitory activities of various concentrations of Aloe Vera Gel (AVG) against pathogenic bacteria and made a comparaison with hydro-alcohol solution (HAS).

Mechanical transplanting of rice for reducing water, energy, and labor footprints with improved rice yields in the Tropics

Paper ID- AMA-14-05-2023-12260

Traditional rice transplanting is water, energy, labor, and capital-intensive, causing sustainability challenges like diminishing subsurface water table, soil health, and escalating greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to global warming. Labor shortages during transplanting occur due to agricultural workers moving to cities for better pay. Low plant density under the traditional transplanting method forces farmers to use more inputs viz. fertilizers and pesticides, which raises cultivation costs and lowers grain output. Under these conditions, rice transplanting must be cheap and labor-saving without compromising potential grain yield. Mechanical transplanting of rice (MTR) improves crop production and ensures timely transplanting. Mechanical rice transplanting is profitable and simple. Due to high initial investment and low awareness of growing mat-type nurseries, field acceptance is low despite its superiority over conventional transplanting. Technical talent, timely availability, and tailored employment may help farmers adopt mechanized transplanting. MTR is a promising, sustainable, and climate-smart technique to promptly transplant rice seedlings in texturally dissimilar soils, which reduced the labor and energy footprints with reduced greenhouse emissions, and higher rice land productivity, profitability, and sustainability. This review examined the pros and cons of mechanical transplanting on rice productivity and profitability after identifying the gaps that need to be filled for its better adoption.

Implementation of Smart Farming and intimation system through SMS using RASPBERRY PI and TELEGRAM

Paper ID- AMA-12-05-2023-12257

In this paper, we discuss about how to use a Telegram bot for smart farming on our farmland. As technology advances, the world becomes smarter, and new technologies are created on a daily basis. There are other options to automate smart agriculture, including web servers and websites, but we are currently experimenting with the telegraph app, which is available on both Windows and Android smartphones. The suggested system's capacity to track temperature, humidity, and wetness using sensors and NodeMCU is one of its features. It can do this while also sending SMS alerts and notifying the farmer's smartphone app about the situation. We will install a programme on the Raspberry Pi that allows us to access or manage devices located anywhere in the globe. The Raspberry Pi 3 board is being used to execute the smart automation, although other microcontrollers can also be used to accomplish this. It has a DC motor, moisture sensor, temperature sensor, and humidity sensor. This system begins to measure the level of moisture and humidity. The sensors are used to detect the water level, and if it falls below a certain threshold, the system immediately begins watering. This helps to prevent manual error and reduces the amount of labour required to manually swap the devices. The idea's objective is to increase farmer procurement in the agricultural industry by decreasing human participation.

Impact of Declining Human Labour on Farming Sector and Farmers Strategies to Cope Labour Scarcity

Paper ID- AMA-11-05-2023-12254

The present study was undertaken in Thanjavur District of Tamil Nadu State to assess the impact of declining labours in agricultural sector. In the study 120 farmers and 120 waged labours were interviewed to find the dynamics of labour supply and farmers strategies to cope labour shortage. The wage had increase to an extent of five times in Tamil Nadu in past fifteen years and the compound growth rate of the wage for the male labour was 13.96 per cent and 12.89 per cent per annum for female labour in Tamil Nadu. The low wages, increasing money requirement for consumption, indebtness, unemployment during off season, more drudgery etc., were the major reason for not preferring farm works. It was found that 33 per cent of effective working hours have been reduced. The farmers mitigate labour scarcity by machineries for transplanting, weeding and harvesting etc., and 8.33 per cent of the sample farmers have changed the cropping pattern and moved towards less labour intensive crop like coconut. The Markov Chain analysis revealed that the probability of retention of paddy crop is only 69 per cent and lose 11 per cent of paddy area to coconut. The labour scarcity ultimately leads an unrecoverable impact on the crop production and farmers respond to it by mitigating through machinery and changes in cropping pattern. As it is inevitable to have a structural shift in the profession by the general population during economic progress, accordingly the alternate mitigation strategies have to be carved to continue the farming business.

Economic Analysis of Marketing Margins of Roadside Marketers of Agricultural Produce along Major Highways in Osun State, Nigeria

Paper ID- AMA-10-05-2023-12253

The study carried out the economic analysis of marketing margins of roadside marketers of agricultural produce along major highways in Osun State. It also sought to determine the factors that affect their gross margins. A total of one hundred forty (140) roadside marketers' primary data were gathered utilising a pre-tested interview schedule that was given to each of thirty-five (35) respondents in four distinct locations. Descriptive statistics, gross margin model, and multiple regression model were used to analyse the data collected. The majority of roadside marketers (85.7%) were under 50, married (87.9%), had at least a primary school education (85%), and had less than 10 years of marketing experience (56.4%), according to the research. The roadside marketers were selling commodities which included palm oil, yam, plantain, cocoyam, banana, pineapple, snails, honey and others with the dominant commodities being plantain (77.1%), yam (64.3%) and palm oil (56.4%). The average gross margin of the roadside marketers was estimated at ₦25, 312.90 per month The coefficients of age, educational level and the starting capital of the roadside marketers were found to be significant at 5% (P<0.05) and had the expected signs while the coefficients of the total sales, purchase cost and consumer price were significant at 1% (P<0.01) level of probability and also had the expected signs. Roadside marketing is profitable, according to the study's findings, and it is advised that this strategy be investigated and updated by the Nigerian policymakers.