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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
04 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 10 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Oct 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 10 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

The effects of supplementary pollen diets on population, growth, and performance of honey bee

Paper ID- AMA-12-06-2023-12327

Honey bees occupy a prime position among all the pollinating agents because they can be managed in artificial nests, i.e. hives and can be placed in desired numbers. In Himachal Pradesh, the beekeepers migrate their colonies to other places during winters due to scarcity of bee flora. To keep the honeybee colonies strong during dearth periods different pollen substitutes and supplement need to be evaluated as a part of good management practice for beekeeping. Various ingredients were used such as defatted soya-flour, wheat flour, yeast, gram powder, skimmed milk various grain flour, sugar, honey etc. These mixtures were used in different ratios to evaluate their influence on colony parameters of A. mellifera L. The colonies were fed on various pollen substitute and supplement diets by frame feeding method at 14 days interval during rainy-autumn and spring-summer season. All the pollen substitutes were accepted by A. mellifera colonies and the consumption rate within 14 days varied in the range of 80.62% to 97.65% during both the seasons. A significant increase in brood area (1.61 times), honey stores (3.41 times during rainy-autumn, 2.87 during spring–summer) and pollen stores (1.77 times during rainy-autumn, 1.43 during spring–summer) was observed over control. On the basis of these studies, it was suggested that various pollen substitutes showed positive effect on colony parameters and honey stores of A. mellifera as compared to control.


Paper ID- AMA-10-06-2023-12325

In the recent technology obsessed world, the need for inclusion of technology in the existing agriculture techniques has become the need of the hour. The work focuses on smart agriculture using automation and IOT technologies. The highlighting features of this work include smart tasks like soil moisture sensing, pH detection, keeping vigilance, etc. Secondly it includes smart irrigation with smart control based on accurate real time field data. The aim of this work is to develop a device which measures the value from soil moisture sensor, pH sensor, temperature and humidity sensor and presence of objects near the area of the operation with the help of the ultrasonic sensor. The values measured will be displayed with the help of the mobile application. Based on the values obtained from the soil using moisture sensor, the motor shall be switched ON/OFF with the help of the mobile application if the value of soil moisture is beyond the specified value. This system can ensure better crops and proper field management. This will bring a new benefit to the overall growth of the country because as food is the foremost need of any human being in the world.

Role of Newer fungicide molecules on controlling of foliar diseases in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.)

Paper ID- AMA-08-06-2023-12322

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is the most ancient and important oilseed crop, with rich source of protein, high quality seed oil and many antioxidant properties is extensively grown in India. Occurrence of foliar diseases are Alternaria leaf spot and powdery mildew become a major constraint in recent years for successful and profitable cultivation of sesame. Field experiment was conducted on integrated disease management practices to combat foliar diseases and to increase the seed yield of sesame during two consecutive years (2015 and 2016) at Regional Research station, Vridhachalam, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu. Integrated management of Alternaria leaf spot and powdery mildew of sesame were conducted with eight treatments. Among the different treatments tested in field condition, the minimum incidence of Alternaria leaf spot (15.14 % and 13.72%) with higher yield of 642 kg/ha and 657 kg/ha were recorded in seed treatment with T. viride @ 10 g/kg + furrow application of T. viride (2.5 kg/ha enriched in 100 kg of FYM) @ 250 kg/ha + foliar spray of myclobutanil @ 1 g/l during kharif 2015 and 2016.The reduction of Alternaria leaf spot was also directly associated with an increase in seed yield. In case of powdery mildew, the minimum incidence 5.83 and 9.65PDI with higher yield of 642 kg/ha and 657 kg/ha were recorded in kharif - 2015 and 2016 with spray of myclobutanil 10% WP @ 1 g/l.

Breeding practice and economic traits of goats in the tribal belt in Sirohi and Pali districts of Rajasthan

Paper ID- AMA-08-06-2023-12321

The paper attempts to comprehend goat breeding practices and estimate economic parameters under semi-arid conditions in Rajasthan and analyze related issues. The study in its sample covered a total of 120 goat-keeping households with 70 from Sirohi and 50 from Pali districts from the southern semiarid zone of Rajasthan. A total of 120 households were selected for an interview, descriptive statistics were used to present the findings. The study revealed that the primary source of the breeding buck was raised within the own animals and the type of mating was mainly uncontrolled natural mating. The study also concluded that farmers were acquainted with some practices in scientific goat breeding aspects. The present study suggests the need for comprehensive policy and consistent efforts are required for vocational training of households for further bracing up goat rearing in the tribal region. Thus, paving the way for sustainable livestock production for doubling farmers' income in a semi-arid ecosystem. Breeding practices and reproductive performances of goat requires intervention to design a breeding program that fits the breeding practices of studied communities. So, better husbandry practices with a well-designed breeding program will improve the goat population of the area.

Early Generation Identification and Selection of Superior Transgressants from Inter-Varietal Crosses of Blackgram (Vigna mungo L. Hepper) in the north-Western Himalayan ranges

Paper ID- AMA-08-06-2023-12320

The main aim of the research was to isolate desirable numerous trait transgressive segregants in the early blackgram generations among 14 cross combinations. Evaluation was done during Kharif 2018 & 2019 under RBD over three replications. For seed yield per plant, the fraction of transgressive segregation was determined to be 0-6.67% (F2) and 33.33-100% (F3). Seed yield was transgressed simultaneously with one or more traits in the majority of the segregants indicating their correlation with each other and presence of linkage drag among their genes. When compared to better parent and best check, seven crosses out of 14 i.e. IC-398973×Him Mash-1, IC-281993×Him Mash-1, IC-281980×HPBU-111, IC-281982×HPBU-111, IC-413306×HPBU-111, IC-413306× Him Mash-1 and IC-413304×HPBU-111 scored better for majority of the traits in both generations. The most promising transgressive segregants are plant no. 2,1,5 in cross IC-281993×Him Mash-1, plant no.5,8,6 in IC-413304×HPBU-111, transgressive segregants no. 9,7 in cross IC-413306×HPBU-111, plant no. 5,10 in cross IC-413306×Him Mash-1, plant no. 7,4 in cross IC-398973×Him Mash-1, plant no. 4,8 in IC-281982×HPBU-111 and plant 1&3 in IC-281980×HPBU-111 having explended performance for seed yield and other related traits which aids in exploiting the limit of desired traits intensity which is not available in parents. The results suggested the presence of a large number of transgressive segregants in early segregating generations, which opens up a lot of possibilities for careful genotype selection and bringing in beneficial alleles for blackgram breeding programmes in later generations to develop the desired plant genotype.