AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal
In VLSI design circuits, System-On-Chip consumes more area due to huge data volume in the hardware. In order to reduce that constraint, the size of the trace buffer should be maintained constant. The trace data should be compressed to acquire huge amount of data. To compress those data several conventional techniques has been followed. Here in the proposed system, an approach called Look-Up-Table based dictionary compression method for System-On-Chip is used. It implements dictionary in such way that the most of the test vector frequencies are calculated which is to compress the test data in an efficient manner. This compression technique holds three different test vectors of all zero’s, one’s and X’s value where most of benchmark circuitry frequency can be captured. This technique is implemented in those circuits using hardware description language and it is verified by XILINX Spartan-3E to know utilization of devices. Hence, it achieves more compression ratio with less area overhead without loss of data.
Convolutional coding is the most widely used coding technology for reliable data communication. At the receiver’s end, Viterbi decoders are used for extracting the message bits. A conventional Viterbi decoder not only occupies higher memory space, but also is computationally more complex. Though considerable research is performed in this area to overcome these challenges, an efficient architecture is yet to be developed. In this paper, feasibility of a soft computing technique that substitutes the Viterbi decoder has been explored. The proposed Viterbi decoder works satisfactorily in terms of accuracy in robust environment.
In a Wireless Sensor Network when an event is detected, the network traffic increases. It in turn increases the flow of data packets and congestion. Congestion in Wireless Sensor Network plays a vital role in degrading the performance of the network. Hence it necessitates, developing a novel technique to control congestion. In this paper, soft computing based congestion control technique is proposed. Fuzzy logic and neural network are the soft computing tools used for estimating the packet drop. The performance of the proposed technique is evaluated using Accuracy. From the results, it is proved that neural network based congestion control technique provides better results than fuzzy based congestion control technique.
In this paper, a 4 × 4 Butler matrix (BM) switched-beam patch antenna array is designed and discussed. The design is developed on a single layer of Rogers material; RO 5880 with dielectric constant 2.2 and thickness 0. 254mm.This makes the designed antenna low cost and easy of fabrication. The four rectangular patches fed by inset microstrip lines are connected to the outputs of the BM. The results show wide bandwidth that covers from 24.67 GHz to 30.2 GHz in all the four inputs, and the highest array gain performance of 10.8 dBi at 28 GHz. The designed switched beam antenna provides a cost effective approach to implement at 28 GHz wireless communications.
Aluminium use has been rising steadily in recent decades. Several different industries are adapting it since its light weight, doable structure and robustness. Aluminium manufacturing runs in three ways; namely: (1) cascading, (2) extrusion and (3) drawing. Extrusion process is used to form aluminium in profiles which is one of the main semi/final-products for many industries. Although profiles production runs smoothly and easily most often, there are a number of repeated faults which might occurs during the extrusion process and some distinct patterns of faults and defects can be seen on the surface of the produced profiles. This paper describes the main types of these faults and defects and suggested solutions to avoid them based on 24 months of observations for the production process at three different extrusion machines in two different aluminium profiles manufacturing plants. The main aim of this study is to classify these faults and defects to help manufacturer to control and to avoid them or at least to minimize their occurrences by optimising quality control systems.