AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Zhenkong Kexue yu Jishu Xuebao/Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Genetic improvement of soybean is needed to increase its production. Mutation breeding is the highly useful and vital technology for soybean improvement. Selection of effective and efficient mutagens are very essential to recover high frequency of desirable mutants. In order to provide genetic diversity and resources for identifying important genes, physical treatment of gamma rays, chemical treatment of ethyl methane sulfonate (EMS) and their combination dose was used to mutagenize soybean variety Him Palam Hara Soya 1 (Himso-1685). The seeds were treated with physical mutagens i.e. gamma rays at five different doses (100 Gy, 200 Gy, 300 Gy, 400 Gy and 500 Gy) at BARC, Trombay, Maharashtra, EMS at 0.5%, 1.0 % and their combination was in the Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, CSK HPKV, Palampur, H.P during year 2019. A total of 256 M1 individuals were produced from 6,800 treated seeds. Five types of mutants based on phenotypic appearance were identified viz., dwarf plants in comparison to tall plants of control, white flower as compared to purple flower, of control, brown fawn colour on pods as compared to gray fawn colour on pods of control, reduced seed size as compared to bold seed size of control and complete resistant plants prevailing white flowers as compared to purple colour of control were observed in the present study. Gamma rays were found to be more effective as compared to chemical and combined dose to induce vital mutations in variety Himso-1685. Higher the dose or concentration, more reduction in the expressivity of the traits was observed. Beneficial traits from these mutants can be exploited for future soybean breeding programs. This variety Himso-1685 can also be used for discovering novel mutant alleles and functional gene expression analysis using reverse genetics tools such as Tilling.
A field experiment was conducted to study the productivity of Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) under different sowing dates and sources of nutrients during summer. A field experiment was carried out during summer 2021 and 2022 at Agricultural Research Farm, Binjhagiri, Chhatabar, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, IAS, SOADU, Bhubaneswar to study the productivity of Blackgram (Vigna mungo L.) under different sowing dates and sources of nutrients. consisted of three sowing dates D1: 15th February, D2: 22nd February & D3: 1st march in main plot and five nutrient management practices (F0: Control; F1: Seed treatment with Rhizobium+ PSB + FYM @ 5 t ha-1; F2: F1 + RDF (20:40:20 Kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1); F3: F2 + Foliar application of 2% NPK at pre flowering; F4-Seed treatment with beejamurth + FYM @ 5 t ha-1 enriched with jeevamurth and foliar spray of Panchyagavya at pre flowering stage) in subplot. Study revealed that yield attributing characters like pods per plant, pod length, pod weight, seeds per pod and test weight along with seed and stover yield was found highest in D1 and it was closely followed by D2. Among the nutrient management practices, FYM @ 5 t ha-1 + inoculated seed using Rhizobium + PSB + 20-40-20 Kg N, P2O5 and K2O ha-1 + spraying of 2% NPK 19:19:19 recorded the highest no of pods (28.1), seeds per pod (6.90) and test weight (43.56 g) along with seed (620.42 kg ha-1) and stover yield (1702.14 kg ha-1) over other treatments.
This paper is an attempt to highlight the increasing entrepreneurship opportunities in rural India arising out of an increase in demand for mushrooms in post pandemic era. Growing mushrooms is easy, less cost intensive and economy is different from the linear economy in the sense that it has no open loops. What is the end product or waste from a process is utilized as raw material in other process, and aids in further wealth generation. The purpose of this study is to assess the potential of one of such waste to wealth generating enterprises – mushrooms. A survey of 788 households across India suggests a positive outlook for mushroom industry in India. There is a wider acceptance of mushroom and its products among population, and many treat it as a relatively cheaper source of protein. About 68% respondents expected that the demand for mushroom by their family will increase in the future. Mushroom cultivation is finding pace in states like Bihar where many migrant workers during covid-19 pandemic have taken up mushroom cultivation as an income generating enterprise. All India Coordinated Projects on Mushrooms under Indian Council of Agricultural Research have been successful in creating hundreds on mushroom enterprises across India. Value added products of mushrooms could be a good way to introduce it among the population who does not appreciate the raw product. Supply chain strengthening will certainly lead to better reach of product to potential consumers.
There are billions of people who are malnourished and facing food insecurity worldwide. By 2030, the United Nations has established a global goal to eradicate hunger, but we are still very far from achieving it. Food security has been challenged during the past ten years by climate change, population growth, and economic recession. To attain food and nutrition security, the food system must be transformed. Today, it is highly challenging to ensure food security so that the plant can produce its best products due to environmental stress factors that limit the production of important cereals. India has food security, but it lags behind in terms of nutritional security. The world's agriculture has advanced in many ways, such as biofortification, genetically modified crops, fortification, etc., but it has neglected the natural gift of nutria-cereals, which are resilient to climate change, highly tolerant of drought and other extreme weather conditions, rich in high nutrition and dietary fiber, and serve as good sources of protein, micronutrients, and phytochemicals. Additionally, it contains phytates, polyphenols, tannins, anthocyanins, phytosterols, and pinacosanols, all of which are significant contributors to ageing and metabolic illnesses. Due to their beneficial nutrient content, which includes carbohydrate, vitamins, proteins, and minerals, cereals are essential components of a nutritious and healthy diet. Millets are known as nutri-cereals because of their great nutritional value and potential to make a significant contribution to food and nutritional security. Additionally, they show very intriguing nutritional profiles that include macro and micronutrients as well as bioactive substances.
The commercial use of stingless bee propolis is very much limited in India due to lack of information about the composition of propolis and its health benefits. The composition of propolis depends on the type of vegetation, the species of bee, the season and the area of collection. This study was done to find out the propolis composition of Tetragonula iridipennis from two distinct regions of South India (Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu and Kozhikode, Kerala). Ethanol extracts of the propolis samples were prepared and analysed in gas chromatograpy mass spectroscopy for their chemical composition. The major compounds identified based on per cent area in Coimbatore sample includes isopimaric acid, a sesquiterpene compound (29.03%), b-amyrin, a triterpene compound (13.62 %), Lup-20 (29)-ene-3-one (Betulin), a triterpene compound (10.83%) various resin acids, glycerol (3.61%) and 13-retinoic acid, a metabolite of vitamin A (3.01%) and other ketones, flavanone compounds. Where as in Kozhikode sample, glycerol (22.57%), 6,b-bicyclononane, a aldehyde compound (9.85 %), sugars like glucose, fructose, mannose and other sugar molecules (13.91), lanosterol, a tritepene compound ( 6.91 %) and other fatty acids were the major components identified.