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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Studies on organic weed management practices in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) under sub tropical agro climatic conditions of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir

Paper ID- AMA-13-11-2022-11808

A field experiment was conducted at the Organic Farming Research Centre, SKUAST-Jammu, Chatha during the Rabi season of 2019-20 and 2020-21 to study the effect of various organic weed management on weed density, yield attributes and yield of Chickpea under sub tropical agro climatic conditions of Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir. The experiment comprised of 10 treatments consisting of Weedy Check, Weed Free, Hand weeding at 20 DAS, Hand weeding at 20 DAS and 40 DAS, Mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1, Mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS, Mustard seed meal @ 2t ha-1, Mustard seed meal @ 2t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS, Wheel hoeing at 20 DAS and 40 DAS and Hand weeding at 20 DAS + Wheel hoeing at 40 DAS, and were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications. The dominant average weed flora observed in the Chickpea crop during two years of field experiment were Phalaris minor, Melilotus indica, Anagallis arvensis, Chenopodium album and Medicago denticulate etc coinciding from 30-120 DAS of crop. The application of mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS controlled the grassy weeds significantly during both the crop growth season than weedy check. Mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS not only reduced the total weed population, dry weight but also increased the weed control efficiency significantly over weedy check and other treatments during both the crop growth season. The highest grain yield of chickpea was recorded with weed free (29.80qha-1) which was statistically at par with Mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS (29.20q ha-1). However, highest benefit cost ratio was recorded with mulching with rice straw @ 4t ha-1 + Hand weeding at 20 DAS (2.16).

Improved Fertigation Doses of Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium and Sulphur in Garlic (Allium sativum L.) to Enhance Postharvest Soil Nutrient Status

Paper ID- AMA-13-11-2022-11807

The field experiments were conducted during the two consecutive rabi seasons 2018-19 and 2019-20 at farmer’s field in Dhariyakhedi village of Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh to assess the post-harvest status of soil nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium as influenced by different irrigation and fertilizer levels in drip fertigated garlic. The experiment consists of three levels of irrigation water i.e., IW/CPE ratio 0.60 (I1), 0.80 (I2), 1.00 (I3) and three levels of recommended doses of fertilizer i.e., 60% (F1), 80% (F2), and 100% (F3) for garlic crop. The initial fertility status of soil at experimental site with regard to nitrogen, phosphorus (P2O5), potassium (K2O) and sulphur were recorded as 260 kg/ha, 21.5 kg/ha, 380 kg/ha and 19.2 kg/ha respectively. Most of the crop growth and quality parameters viz., plant height, polar diameter, equatorial diameter, fresh weight and dry weight of garlic bulb were significantly influenced by different irrigation and fertigation treatments. Among different irrigation and fertigation levels, the treatment I3F3 recorded highest FUE (64.47 kg/kg), marketable bulb yield (147.43 q/ha) and B:C ratio (5.63). The drip fertigation treatment with IW/CPE ratio 1.0 and fertigation at a rate of 100:50:50:50 kg/ha (N:P:K:S) resulted in higher post-harvest status of soil with regard to nitrogen (275.29 kg/ha), phosphorus (24.52 kg/ha), potassium (402.54 kg/ha) and sulphur (21.37 kg/ha) content.

Micro propagation (in vitro) techniques for Malabar Neem (Melia dubia Cav.)

Paper ID- AMA-12-11-2022-11805

Melia dubia Cav. is a Meliaceae family and the synonym of Melia composite Willd. It is a fast-growing deciduous tree with a strong, straight cylindrical bole and broad branches. The increased demand for wood and fiber and the declining availability of wood supplies have prompted investigations into the potential fast-growing species suitable for various wood-based industries, in particular, the pulp and paper industry. A diverse range of short-rotation forestry species have been deployed for commercial utility and large-scale plantations have been established as a source of industrial wood raw materials. Tissue culture plays an important role in solving the problem through rapid in vitro multiplication of novel genotypes and screening useful variants. Currently, successful methodologies have been developed through tissue culture and their possible application in forestry. The micro propagation studies identified nodal segments as ideal explant; the MS + 5.0mgl -1 of Kinetin and 2.0mgl -1 of BAP as the medium for shoot bud organogenesis and MS medium containing 3mg l -1 of IAA and 2mg l -1 of IBA as ideal medium for rhizogenesis.

Effect of various processing techniques and storage on the physico-chemical and functional characteristics of barley flour

Paper ID- AMA-11-11-2022-11804

This study aimed to investigate the influence of various processing techniques on the physico-chemical and functional characteristics of barley. Barley grains were subjected to seven different pretreatments viz., soaking, germination (48 h), germination (72 h), cooking, malting, roasting and popping. During the study, the assessment of physico-chemical and functional characteristics of barley depicted that the barley subjected to germination (72 h) recorded maximum water absorption capacity (100.40%), oil absorption (191.61%) and minimum bulk density (0.48%). During study it was further observed that barley subjected germination (72 h) recorded maximum L* value, minimum a* and b* values. Barley germination for 72 hours also recorded maximum crude protein (14.81%), crude fat (2.66%), crude fibre (5.72%), and total ash (2.39%) significantly. During the storage period of 90 days, the mean moisture content increased but the crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre, total total ash content of barley flour decreased significantly. On the basis of physico-chemical and functional characteristics of barley, treatment T3 (germination 72 h) was found to be the best among all processing methods.

Modeling and Forecasting of Area, Production and Productivity of Cereals in Tamil Nadu using Linear and Non-Linear Models

Paper ID- AMA-09-11-2022-11800

The present study has been undertaken to identify the best Linear and Non-Linear growth models for the area, production and production of cereals in Tamil Nadu and to predict future forecasts (up to 2025 A.D). The time series data about the area, production and productivity of cereals in Tamil Nadu were collected from the Seasonal crop report of Tamil Nadu for the period of 50 years i.e., from 1971-72 to 2020-2021. The objective of this study was to fit different trend equations like linear and non-linear growth models of cereals in Tamil Nadu and then select the most appropriate model. The best-fitted model for future projection was chosen based upon the highest Theil's U-Statistic, coefficient of determination (R2) and with the least MAPE, MAE and RMSE values for the purpose of future forecasts up to 2025 A.D. It is observed that the average area, production and productivity of cereals in Tamil Nadu during the study period were 3242 thousand hectares, 7429 thousand tonnes and 2409 kg/ ha respectively. The future forecasts by the cubic model indicated that there would be a substantial increase area, production and productivity in the future. It was observed that the forecasted area by 2025 AD would be 3390 thousand hectares. The forecasted production and productivity would be 13093 thousand tonnes and 4229kg /ha respectively by 2025 AD.