AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Climate Change directly affects agriculture production & production efficiency. It affects agriculture in terms of productivity, agriculture practices, environmental effects, rural space and adaptation. Climate change is the biggest threat to agriculture in India but still the farmers are not fully aware of climate change and its indicators, causes & impacts. The objective of the study was to know the extent of awareness and knowledge of farm women regarding climate change, its effects and situation specific coping strategies. The study was conducted in village Gudli of Mavli block from Udaipur district of Rajasthan State. For this, the data was collected from 100 farm women. The data was analysed using appropriate statistical tools like frequency, percentages. More than half of the respondents i.e. 58 per cent had medium and 42 per cent had high awareness about causes of climate change. A majority (85%) of the respondents were aware about the ill effect of pesticides, increase of disease of crop (62%) and increase in infestation of pest due to climate change (47%). The awareness regarding global warming (68%), use of pesticides & burning of fossils and farm waste was not there to most of the respondents (51-54%). The knowledge about flood was nil in all the respondents (100%) as Rajasthan is not flood prone area.
A comparison of culture biomass evolution for the microalgae Scenedesmus spinosus in a tubular pilot photobioreactor of 1.6 m³ and a raceway pilot photobioreactor of 1.2 m³ was carried out, using a nutritional Z-8 medium with the injection of carbon dioxide, and using an electronic system for monitoring and control of operational variables. For three weeks of testing, each culture was exposed to three pH levels of 6.5, 7.0 or 7.5, where random samples from both bioreactors were taken three times a week, to analyze pH, turbidity, transmittance at 640 nm and temperature. At the beginning and the end of culture, total solids were analyzed, and photographs were taken with a microscope to study the cell conditions of culture. This study revealed that the highest biomass production of Scenedesmus spinosus was obtained at pH 6.5 in the raceway photobioreactor, with a productivity of 371 g m-3 day-1, 0.78 % total solids, a turbidity of 858 NTU and 5% transmittance at the end of the culture.
Cystolepiota is rarely studied in Pakistan, here we survey and describe new record of Cystolepiota from Himalayan moist temperate region of Pakistan. Originally, it was described from Europe. Cystolepiota moelleri Knudsen resembles with Western Asian collection in having free lamellae and non-dextrinoid spores. It differs in its rounded pileus and cylindrical cheilocystidia. The species is provided with full morpho-anatomical and phylogenetic description with line drawings of the microcharacters, discussion of related and similar species, and molecular data.
Broiler production in tropical countries is generally sub-optimal. Inorganic and organic trace minerals supplementation improves immunity, growth performance in the broilers. In the poultry diet, trace minerals (zinc [Zn], selenium [Se], and chromium [Cr]) are normally administered in the inorganic form which has been traditionally considered as the most cost-effective and easily available but organic forms of these trace minerals have a higher bioavailability, lower dietary inclusion and cause less environmental pollution as compared to inorganic form. This study aimed to investigate the effect of different concentrations of organic and inorganic forms of trace minerals (Zn, Se and Cr) supplementation (0-35 days) in immune regulatory genes expression and biochemical parameters in broilers. A total of 216 broilers were randomly divided into twelve groups supplemented with different concentration of these trace minerals. RT-PCR expression analysis of ChIL-12p35 and ChIFN- genes in the bursa of Fabricius and spleen revealed that maximum up-regulation of ChIL-12p35 was in the T3 group; whereas, the maximum up-regulation of ChIFN- gene was in the T12 group as compared to the control group. Total serum protein, albumin, globulin and serum electrolyte were significantly higher (p<0.05) in the organic trace mineral supplemented group. From the present study results, it can be concluded that the effect of supplementing organic trace minerals to broilers on the expression of the immunoregulatory gene and biochemical parameters is better than their inorganic counterpart.
The current study was to evaluate secondary metabolites, curative antimicrobial and antioxidant agents of an ethnobotanically important plant i.e., Phytolacca latbenia (Moq.) H. Walter. Phytochemical screening explored the presence of different secondary metabolites. Ethanol extracts of leaves were most potent against all the testing bacterial strains. Antibacterial activity was determined using agar well diffusion method. The zones formed by ethanol extracts of leaves were, 23.16±0.11mm, 18.05±0.04mm, 25.15±0.11mm and 12.75±0.06mm against Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermis, Acinetobacter baumannii and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, respectively. The chloroform and ethanol extracts showed bigger zone of inhibition as compared to the standard antibiotic against S. aureus and P. aeruginosa. Likewise ethanol extract of leaves has more inhibition potential against S. epidermidis and A. baumannii. This potential was accompanied by using standard five reported assays. Percentage inhibition of DPPH• of fruits (81.08±0.133%) was greater than leaves (69.86±0.183%). Even the sample plant extracts showed the greater potential of inhibition than synthetic antibiotics. Percentage inhibition of ABTS•+ of leaves (59.26±0.140%) was greater than fruits (58.45±0.246%). The values of FRAP assay and TFC of leaves (0.53±0.014 mM Fe2+ equivalent/g and 27±0.02 mg CE/g) were greater than fruits (0.212±0.028 mM Fe2+ equivalent/g and 14.15±0.024 mg CE/g) whereas TPC of fruit (404±0.005 mg GAE /g) were greater than leaves (72.91±0.059 mg GAE /g).