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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
26 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 06 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 06 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Molecular detection of Pasteurella multocida Type A from Japanese quail chicks in the Cauvery delta region of Tamilnadu

Paper ID- AMA-16-12-2022-11890

Fowl cholera is an acute, fatal septicemic disease of various domestic and wild bird species, which is responsible for significant loss in poultry husbandry. The present study was carried out to find out the cause for mortality in quail chicks in Thanjavur district of Tamilnadu, India. The farmer reported that out of 2000 quail chicks in the broiler farm 213 nine day old quail chicks were died suddenly with a history of dullness, depression and mucous discharge from the mouth. Based on the report 20 heart swabs were collected from the dead birds. The targeted bacteria from the samples were isolated, identified and characterized based on their morphology, staining, cultural and biochemical characters. The organisms were gram negative and appeared singly or pairs in Gram staining, whereas in Leishman’s stain, bipolar shaped organisms were observed. All tested samples were found positive for Pasteurella multocida. Three suspected cultures were subjected to molecular characterization using the Pasteurella multocida species specific primers for KMT1 gene found to be positive for Pasteurella multocida. In type specific PCR reaction, using specific primer which gave positive results for 511 bp gene fragment of capE gene were confirmed as P. multocida Type A. Study shows P. multocida type A is prevalent in quail chicks hence care must be taken to control of the disease.

BIOPROSPECTING OF LACTIC ACID BACTERIA FOR ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY AGAINST FOOD PATHOGENS

Paper ID- AMA-15-12-2022-11888

Lactic acid bacteria are Generally Regarded As Safe (GRAS) and have long been used as natural biopreservatives. Lactic acid bacterial cultures were isolated from different fermented food samples viz., cumbu gruel, cold rice, milk fermented by green chilli, palmyrah fruit, mango pickle, sauerkraut and fermented finger millet and neera. They were screened for their antimicrobial activity against common food borne pathogens viz., Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and E.coli and spoilage organisms from spoiled potato, papaya, intestine of goat and hen and fish waste. Among the isolated cultures, cultures from cumbu gruel (CS and CT) exhibited the maximum antimicrobial activity. Out of twenty six fractions eluted for CS and CT, only three viz., CT-5, CT-7 and CS-2 exhibited maximum antimicrobial activity. These three fractions were further analysed in HPLC which distinguished CT-7 fraction with a discrete and unique peak. GC-MS analysis was done for this particular fraction of CT-7 and the compound was identified as hexadecanoic acid, methyl ester. 16S rRNA partial gene sequencing identified CS culture as Streptococcus thermophilus and CT culture as Lactobacillus coryniformis. Bioefficacy testing of CT metabolite showed that CT and CT+CS treated samples of papaya, raw fish, raw meat did not exhibit any spoilage. After 40 days, the potatoes started sprouting in the untreated control whereas potatoes treated with CT and CS+CT did not show any symptoms of sprouting and softening. The study concluded CT culture from fermented cumbu gruel as a potential candidate with antimicrobial activity against common food pathogens and food spoilage organisms, and could be effectively used as a food biopreservative for extended shelf life of foods.

Individual behavior recognition of laying hens based on improved Faster R-CNN

Paper ID- AMA-14-12-2022-11886

Animal behavior is an important indicator of animal welfare evaluation, is the entry point of accurate poultry breeding, and for poultry farming, due to the small size of chickens and large breeding scale, automatic monitoring, especially individual monitoring has great difficulties, the realization of PLF of chicken farms is a difficult problem, in view of this problem, this paper proposes a method based on improving Faster R-CNN for individual behavior recognition of laying hens. The VGG16 in the Faster R-CNN object detection network was replaced with the ResNet50 network, and the RPN was improved, the number of proposals was reduced, the ROI increased, and the accuracy was improved, which could automatically identified the four basic behaviors of individual laying hens of standing, lying down, feeding and drinking. Simulate the construction of the living environment of laying hens in real state, collected videos of laying hens in natural state as input, divided the videos into pictures, and identify individual behaviors of 3200 pictures, and the recognition rates of standing, lying down, feeding and drinking water were 96.4%, 92%, 86.3% and 80.2%, respectively. At the same time, it can reduce the contact between farmers and chickens, and increase the safety of biological epidemic control.

Safety impact of neonicotinoid insecticide, Acetamiprid 20 SP on egg larval parasitoid, Chelonus blackburni Cam.

Paper ID- AMA-14-12-2022-11885

In agro-ecosystem, biological control agents like parasitoids and predators are the best alternatives to the pesticides, several of which have been replaced by new chemistry. The newer insecticides are eco-friendly, economical, more selective, highly safe and compatible with several biocontrol agents. Keeping this view the present study was undertaken to assess the effect of acetamiprid on the adults of C. blackburni. Results indicated that the acetamiprid 20 SP had significant adverse effect on the mortality of adults and also adult emergence at higher doses (acetamiprid 20 SP at 80 and 40 g a.i./ha) whereas acetamiprid at 10 and 20 g a.i./ha were found to be safe compared to standard check, monocrotophos.

Impact of Integrated Management practices against Cassava Mosaic Disease in Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-14-12-2022-11884

An experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of physical, cultural, biological, antiviral and chemical management practices individually and integrated disease management against cassava mosaic disease during 2018-2020 under field conditions at Tapioca and Castor Research Station, Yethapur. Among the treatments, hot water treatment @ 520C for 20 minutes+ Yellow sticky trap @ 20 nos. /ac + Foliar spraying of Spirotetramat 150 OD @ 0.14g/ lit at 30 and 45 DAP has decreased cassava mosaic disease incidence (47.22 per cent), whitefly population (3.75 nos./leaf) and increased the tuber yield (52.23t/ha) compared to control.