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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Submission Deadline
18 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 04 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 04 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Effect of Vegetable Based Vital Ingredients On Functional Pizza Cheese (Processed) - Cost Benefit Analysis And Consumer Acceptability

Paper ID- AMA-28-11-2022-11845

Pizza cheese (processed) with incorporation of vegetable based vital ingredients has lot of health benefits. From the economic analysis of this product, it was found that initial capital investment in starting the business was 40 lakhs. The proportion of fixed and variable cost was 4.38 per cent and 95.62 per cent, respectively. Final cost of production of optimized pizza cheese (processed) was worked out to be 450.48 per kg. Through selling of pizza cheese (processed) and whey, estimated returns were 48720. Considering the prevailing market price of pizza cheese (processed) to be 480 per kg, a profit of 36.72 per kg could be obtained which is a good profit margin for the commercial viability and sustainability of the product. Benefit cost ratio was observed to be 1.08 which is quite higher than one indicating good viability of the investment. The breakeven output was calculated as 34.95 kg of product with a margin of safety of 65.05 per cent which is quite high indicating that the business is secure and less risky. Consumer acceptability studies showed that among them, 55 per cent suggested to add variety of vegetables and seasoning in pizza, 25 per cent suggested to add more cheese and 20 per cent suggested to reduce the odor in cheese to increase the acceptability of the developed product. From the research findings, it was concluded that this product has potential marketability to start the business for income generation of the dairy entrepreneurs.

Antifeedant activity of Ocimum basilicum and Jasminum grandiflorum essential oils against Rhyzopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum and the effect on wheat grains germination.

Paper ID- AMA-28-11-2022-11844

Current study undertaken to find out the antifeedant activity of essential oils extracted from two local plants namely Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum (Fam. Oleaceae) and Basil Ocimum basilicum Var, (Fam. Lamiaceae) against two of major stored insects (Tribolium castaneum, and Rhyzopertha dominica) also to evaluate the effect on wheat grains germination. Results showed that all tested essential oils had antifeedant effect on both tested insects for parents and F1. R. dominica was more sensitive than T. castaneum. Jasmine absolute had the strongest effect against T. castaneum with the highest concentration where the loss of weight was 0.00% for parents and 4.2% for F1 while basil oil had the strongest effect on F1 with 4.07% weight loss at the same concentration. For R. dominica All tested essential oils had a great effect on F1 where there were no loss of weight with all tested oils and all concentrations. Compared to control data showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on rootlet germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on rootlet germination percentage with 30%, while for germination speed basil absolute had the slowest germination speed with 0.34 day. Results also showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on feather germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on germination percentage with 15%, while for germination speed basil absolute also had the slowest germination with 0.38 day.

Evaluation of Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) pupae as substitution for broiler diet

Paper ID- AMA-27-11-2022-11843

Eri silkworm (samia ricini) pupae is a waste product from the ericulture. The proximate analysis of Eri pupae showed maximum crude protein, crude fiber, ash content and moisture content were recorded 55.21 per cent, 3.85 per cent, 3.23 per cent and 9.51 per cent, respectively. Use of Eri pupal powder as a substitute in broiler diets showed significant higher body weight and weight gain of broiler at 35 per cent substitution (2022.37 and 1985.80g) followed by 45 per cent substitution (1980.08 and 1974.62 g) and least in control diet (1969.00 and 865.44g). Feed consumption was found maximum in 35 per cent substitution (4221.22 g) followed by 45 per cent substitution (4179.26 g) and lowest in control diet (4047 g).

Augmentation of yield in African marigold (Tagetus erecta L) through Path co efficient analysis and correlation studies

Paper ID- AMA-26-11-2022-11842

Path co efficient analysis and Correlation studies were carried out in 35 genotypes of African marigold and correlation co efficient for different characters at genotypic and phenotypic levels are presented. In general, genotypic correlations were larger magnitude than that of corresponding phenotypic correlation indicating the, strong association between the traits studied. The knowledge of correlation helps in determining the relative importance of component characters influencing the yield. The branches per plant, significantly positive correlation was observed between flower yield per plant and stalk length. Days to first flowering were the only character their exhibited a non-significant and positive association with flower yield per plant. Hence an idotypic of African marigold should be tall in stature, bearing more branches, producing maximum number of flowers in order to get high yield and to realize maximum return for the flower growers.

Histological and hormonal changes in the compatible rootstock-scion in Solanum species

Paper ID- AMA-24-11-2022-11838

Flooding is a severe constraint to tomato growth and productivity in many regions. Grafting is a favourable technique to overcome this constraint and a study was conducted to comprehend the histological implications influenced by hormones in the compatible root stock-scion of Solanum species. The scion used for the study was tomato cv. PKM 1 and the different selected flood tolerant Solanumroot stocks, based on the previous studies were Solanum lycopersicum(LE 523, LE 828, LE 102), Solanum torvum, Solanum aculeatissimum and Solanum sysimbriifolium.The compatibility of root stock and scions were evaluated by graft success per cent and microtome studies. Significant differences were observed in graft success per cent among the different tomato grafts. Among the six root stocks and scion combination, Solanum torvum * PKM 1 recorded significantly higher graft success per cent (95%) followed by Solanum sisymbriifolium * PKM 1 (69.40 %), whereas in LE 102* PKM 1 and LE 523* PKM 1grafts, it was 9.34% and 13.3% explicating the graft incompatibility. At the initial stages of observation, control (PKM 1) which is the non-grafted plant manifested better growth than the tomato grafts (30 DAG). The histological studies revealed that the vascular connection was developed earlier in LE 828 * PKM 1 graft compared to Solanum torvum * PKM 1. From this study, it was concluded that LE 828 root stock demonstrated earlier formation of vascular connection and vigorous root growth that enhanced water and nutrient uptake resulting in better growth. Other tomato grafts where the root stocks were Solanum torvum, Solanum aculeatissimum, Solanum sisymbriifolium, though compatible with PKM-1, the vascular connection was delayed. These compatible root stocks might be further studied for its tolerance to survive abiotic and biotic stress in comparison with LE 828 root stock for further validation of superior compatible root stock.