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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
21 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 05 )
Upcoming Publication
31 May 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 05 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Effect of edible coating in Assam Lemon(Citrus limon Burm.) during storage

Paper ID- AMA-24-01-2024-12861

Assam lemon is one of the important Citrus species. It is indigenous to Assam. Main storage problems of lemon fruits are browning, shrinking of peel, loss of green colour, loss of firmness, and reduced juice content. Providing non-hazardous edible coating would permit the possibility to reach distant markets in fresh form. Use of CMC (Carboxy Methyl Cellulose) as exterior coating along with Sodium Benzoate and Bees Wax coating can increase shelf life of Assam Lemon. The present investigation was carried out in Laboratory, Department of Horticulture, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat during the year 2022-2023. Treatments includes combination of Carboxy Methyl Cellulose, propylene glycol, sodium benzoate. Fruits were stored in corrugated fibre boxes. Physical and biochemical evaluation was done at every 5 days interval. Different observations were recorded where highest juice content was recorded in T₅ (39.59%), highest TSS recorded in T₅(6.270Brix), highest titratable acidity recorded in T₅(3.42%) and lowest physiological loss in weight was observed in T₃ on 25th day of storage. The results of the experiment revealed that application of treatments had significant effect on various biochemical parameter of lemon fruit during storage. Treatment T₅ (3% CMC + 2% Propylene Glycol + Sodium Benzoate 500 ppm) showed better results followed by T₃ (5% CMC + 2% Propylene Glycol) during storage. T₅ (3% CMC + 2% Propylene Glycol + Sodium Benzoate 500 ppm) was superior as an edible coating and retained better quality with extended storage life as compared to all other treatments.

Agro-economic evaluation of sweet corn under varied dates of sowing and integrated nutrient regimes in mid altitude of Meghalaya

Paper ID- AMA-22-01-2024-12857

Sweet corn is one category of the maize preferred for its sweetness and beneficial nutrient content throughout the globe mostly in urban and peri-urban regions. To ascertain its optimum sowing window under realm of climate change in North Eastern Region of India an experiment was taken up at the experimental farm of College of Post Graduate Studies in Agricultural Sciences, Meghalaya for two consecutive years (2021-22 and 2022-23). The field trial was conducted under a split plot experimental design. Main plot constituted of three different sowing dates, under sub-plot four different levels of nutrients application was kept and the experiment was replicated thrice. The pooled data of two years revealed that, the crop sown during third week of June month performed better over other dates of sowing in terms of growth and yield parameters. No significant difference among the sub-plot treatments was observed for growth parameters. The average value of cob yield sown during third week of June was 4.8 t ha-1. Similarly, 4.3 t ha-1 cob yield was recorded under sub-plot treatments. The cob yield recorded from farm yard manure, poultry and inorganic sources did not significantly differ from one another, however, significant difference in yield was observed over control plots treatment. Percentage increase in 1.77% and 0.6% of cob yield was recorsded from the third week of June and inorganic sub-plot treatments. The estimated benefit cost ratio was 2.38 and 1.95 for sweet corn grown during third week of June month, and inorganic fertilizer input, respectively. Third week of June showed highest BCR percentage increased about 1.38% and among the sub-plots about 0.48%. Farmers of North Eastern India may grow sweet corn- a remunerative crop for their livelihood improvement during third week of June.

IMPACT OF TREATED WASTE WATER INTAKE ON DRY MATTER, WATER INTAKE AND PARASITOLOGICAL STATUS OF CROSS BRED GOAT (ALPINE X BEETAL) KIDS

Paper ID- AMA-19-01-2024-12853

To study the effect of purified waste water on dry matter intake, water intake and endoparasitic status/load, 12 crossbred kids (Alpinex Beetle) were selected from the Livestock Research Center of ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal during January to March 2019. These kids were further divided into 2 groups comprising 6 kids in each group (control and treatment group). The dry matter and water intake of the crossbred kids non-significantly (p<0.05) decreased in the treatment group as compared to the control group kids provided with fresh water. The growth parameter which included body weight, length, height and girth remained non-significantly (p<0.05) different in treatment groups as compared to the control groups. The parasitological infestation was found to be positive for Moneizia expansa and Giardia sp. in some of the faecal samples of both the groups i.e. control as well as treatment group. Hence the purified waste water may be recommended as drinking water to the crossbred kids in the water scarce areas.

Crops choices and economic profitability of irrigation under hydrological risk: the case study of small dams in Northern and southern parts of the Dorsal, Tunisia.

Paper ID- AMA-19-01-2024-12852

The study aimed to analyze, using chance constraint programming, the economic profitability of irrigation under hydrological risk at the level of two perimeters irrigated from two small dams located in various climatic conditions: Baldia dam in semi-arid Southern parts of the Dorsal and Charfi in sub-humid Northern parts. Two scenarios of water availability were simulated: a deterministic scenario where water is supposed available and a probabilistic scenario where water sup-ply is uncertainty. Under deterministic scenario, the suitable crops mix to meet monthly water availability in both sites consists to grow autumn vegetable crops and olive trees. For both sites, the economic return was increased by 256% and 486%, respectively for Charfi and Baldia Perimeters. Under probalistic scenarios, results showed that optimal cropping pattern and farmer’s income, strongly vary with the level of water risk supply and across regions, depending on whether the irrigated area is located in the northern or southern parts of the Dorsal. In the northern parts, there is 99% chance to meet monthly water requirement without significant impact on crops choices and farmer’s income. However, in Baldia perimeter, the cultivated area and farmer’s income are very sensitive to water uncertainty. Requiring the maximum reliability of water supply should reduce both the potential irrigated area and the farmer’s income, respectively by 80.5% and 93.5%. The investment in irrigation becomes in this case un-economic profitable. Based on these results, the planner should rethink the implantation of small dams in southern parts of the Dorsal, to develop irrigation activities.

A REVIEW ON CROP IMPROVEMENT STRATEGIES AND BREEDING METHODS IN ORNAMENTAL ANNUALS

Paper ID- AMA-18-01-2024-12850

The availability of a broad variety of cultivars in many ornamental species has increased recently, particularly for attractive annuals, which are valuable commercially for their use as cut flowers, potted plants, loose flowers, and landscape gardening. The breeding of ornamental plants currently is a challenging endeavour with constantly evolving new obstacles. Modern genomic technologies provide opportunities for enhanced precision breeding and selection for harder-to-quantify features. Traditionally, the goals of ornamental breeding have been to increase resistance to biotic or abiotic stress, novelty, yield, and quality. But accomplishing these objectives has frequently necessitated tedious crossbreeding, and exact breeding methods have been underapplied. Developing scientific and commercial interest in ornamentals have been generated by recent developments in plant breeding techniques such as genome editing, somaclonal variation, chromosome doubling, molecular marker assisted breeding, mutation breeding etc., especially with regard to changing desirable plant features and creating new ornamental traits of the crops.