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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi

Submission Deadline
18 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 04 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Apr 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 04 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Productivity and Sustainability Challenges in Wheat Farming Systems: - A Review

Paper ID- AMA-27-02-2023-12067

The rice-wheat cropping system, which was important in supplying food to the growing population of South Asia, largely depended on the Indo-Gangetic Plains (IGP). In the North Indian plains, long-term, intensive conventional wheat cultivation is associated with substantial environmental degradation, reduced factor productivity, multiple nutrient deficiencies, groundwater depletion, labor shortage, and high cultivation costs. Creation of new wheat varieties, management of soil and water resources, and use of resource-conserving techniques in wheat cultivation are important intervention areas to address the problem. And it is necessary to work to grow plants with low water demands, to promote the replacement of wheat with many other crops in light-textured soils and rain-fed areas. Direct seeding of short duration, high yielding and stress-tolerant wheat varieties with water can help wheat production in medium-heavy soils. Furthermore, an integrated approach of varieties suitable for conservation agriculture, zero-tillage and need-based use of water, fertilizers, and pesticides can be used to create a sustainable wheat production system in the existing environment. The key concerns related to the productivity and sustainability of wheat farming systems are discussed in detail in this review study, along with possible solutions and alternatives.

Influence of ecosystem on population dynamics of predators in mulberry, Morus spp.

Paper ID- AMA-27-02-2023-12066

Population dynamics of insect predators in the agroecosystem and forest ecosystem of mulberry, Morus spp., were documented in villages of Annur block, Coimbatore and at Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam campus of Coimbatore district, Tamil Nadu, India, during 2020–2022. Fifteen species of predators were recorded and majority of them were coccinellids. Variations in the diversity, species richness, and evenness in the different ecosystems were studied and the result revealed that Shannon-Weiner index (3.162) and evenness index (0.98) were found to be higher in forest ecosystem compared to agroecosystem. The results also confirmed that the diversity of crop and the food availability influenced the predator population which serve as means of biological control of pest in mulberry.

THE COMBINED EFFECT OF HERBICIDES ON GROWTH, YIELD AND ECONOMICS OF WHEAT (Triticum Aestivem L.)

Paper ID- AMA-26-02-2023-12064

A field experiment was conducted during 2016-17 and 2017-18 at Hill Agricultural Research and Extension Centre, Bajaura (Himachal Pradesh), India to study the response of wheat (Tritucum aestivum L.) to different herbicidal treatments. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with eleven treatments and in three replications. The experimental results revealed that application of pre-mix herbicide Metsulfuron + Carfentrazone + Surfactant at 32 days after sowing recorded the maximum degree of reduction in the density as well as dry matter of broad-leaved weeds at 30 DAS compared to the remaining treatments. A significantly higher yield attributes of wheat were recorded in Metsulfuron + Carfentrazone + Surfactant treatment while significantly yield attributes of wheat was recorded in weedy check treatment. Higher yield (straw and grain) and weed control efficiency of wheat was recorded in Metsulfuron + Carfentrazone + Surfactant treatment while lower grain yield, straw yield and weed control efficiency was recorded in weedy check. Hence, highest gross returns (142.6 × 103 INR ha-1), net returns (100.1 × 103 INR ha-1) and B: C ratio (2.35) were obtained from Metsulfuron + Carfentrazone + Surfactant treatment 4 + 20 g a.i. ha 1 treatment.

Radial and Axial variation in specific gravity of Pterygota alata at different girth classes

Paper ID- AMA-26-02-2023-12063

The study was conducted at Forest College and Research Institute, Mettupalayam, during 2019 to 2022, to determine the specific gravity of Pterygota alata at different girth classes. The samples were collected from seed origin of Pterygota alata which were farm grown in Pollachi, India with a specification of four different girth classes (30-45, 45-90, 120-150,150-180cm) and three radial and axial positions. From each sample tree, three stem discs with a 2 cm thickness were cut in both the axial (25, 50 and 75 % height of the tree) and radial (pith, middle and periphery) position then the samples were converted to the 2×2×2 cm3 cubes. The highest specific gravity at radial position was observed in 150-180 cm girth class with a value of 0.67, 0.58 and 0.44 g/cm3 in green, air dry and oven dried wood samples and the lowest specific gravity was recorded in 30-45 cm as 0.629, 0.629 and 0.432 g/cm3 respectively. Whereas in axial position the highest specific gravity was observed in 150-180 cm girth class with a value of 0.69, 0.59 and 0.44 in green, air dry and oven dried wood samples and the lowest specific gravity was recorded in 30-45 cm as 0.62, 0.50 and 0.44 respectively. The study suggested that the Pterygota alata specific gravity is more of less similar to the low-density hardwood species and it will be the alternate prominent species for ply wood, packing cases, match splints and pencil industries.

Management of white grub (Holotrichia serrata) in sugarcane in North East Zone of Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-25-02-2023-12059

Farmer participatory field experiments were carried out at Enthal village in M/s Dharani sugars Ltd, Polur command area and at Andiyappanur village in M/s. Tiruppattur co-operative sugar mill Ltd, kethandapatti command area of North East Zone of Tamil Nadu during 2015-2018 to develop management technique with insecticides against white grub (Holotrichia serrata, Scarabaeidae, Coleoptera). The sugarcane varieties, CoC 24 and Co 86032 were ratooned during last week of January of respective years affected with white grub has been selected. Six insecticides (listed in table) applied as soil drenching/soil application in root zone affected clumps along with untreated check replicated thrice in randomized block design. The treatments were imposed in the third week of June of respective years. The observations on the number of white grubs per meter row in the root zone were recorded a day before and 15, 30, 45, 60th days after treatment applied and percent reduction was worked out. The yield parameters were recorded at the time of harvest. The highest (100%) grub population reduction was recorded in imidacloprid and Chlorantraniliprole on 15th day after application. It was concluded that soil drenching of imidacloprid 17.8 SL @ 250 ml/ha in root zone of affected cane were very effective in reducing white grub population within 15 days of application and recorded highest cane yield of 87.39 t/ha with CCS of 12.88% which accounted for 38.77 % higher yield with higher cost benefit ratio of Rs. 2.76 than untreated control.