AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
India’s economic cooperation with GCC countries has been going on for many decades and growing over time. India has huge resources based on agriculture, while GCC is an economic organisation that comprises six oil-based economies (Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Oman, and Bahrain). And it generates a huge share of their national income from producing and exporting petroleum oil. With time India’s economic cooperation with GCC economies is growing in size and importance. Both India and the GCC countries are crucial for bilateral energy cooperation. The available information on India’s growing export trends of goods and services confirmed its growing importance in the GCC market. Migration of expatriate labours is predominantly a commodity in Indian exports of goods and services to Gulf countries. Exports of human capital to GCC countries play a crucial role in the economic growth and development of GCC economies while improving trends of Indian imports from Gulf countries also shows that significant increment in importance for GCC’s petroleum oil exports. GCC exports detailed characterised by plenty of Petroleum oil. India is a labour-exporting country, while GCC economies are the main petroleum oil exporters. As India received a substantial amount of remittances, and GCC economies received massive oil revenues. Consequently, India is facing a deficit in its balance of trade with GCC economies. This India’s trade deficit with GCC economies may be compensated by the inflows of remittances received from Gulf countries. Commodities like Basmati rice, spices, various vegetable oil, and manpower are the most important export items to GCC countries. Petroleum oil and petroleum products are the most important imported items from India to GCC economies. Important statistical tools like the growth rate of exports and imports have been used in trade analysis. This study covers ten years period that has been taken for discussing economic cooperation.
Our investigation included the study of the efficiency and applicability of a physico-chemical process called coagulation-flocculation for the treatment of textile industry wastes contaminated by textile dyes: Methylene blue using aluminum sulfate as a flocculant coagulant. Coagulation-flocculation performances: The results obtained showed that by optimizing various parameters (pH value, decoagulant dosage, initial solution concentration and agitation speed), the process was more efficient with a yield close to the total abatement threshold (i.e. 95%) for the 2.5mg/L coagulant concentration.
Recently, the Green Stem Syndrome (GSS) which prevents the stems from drying down properly and causes the stems to remain green after seed are mature has been often seen in the soybean fields in Türkiye. As known, the green stems are hard to cut and more likely to plug the combine. This situation causes to increase the losses during harvest. From this point of view, in this study, shearing stress and specify shearing energy of the stem were determined in order to obtain basic data for obtaining working conditions to reduce harvest losses in GSS-captured soybean plants. The shearing tests were performed with a Lloyd Material Testing Machine (model LRX Plus) equipped with a shearing apparatus. Six different soybean varieties namely, Türksoy, Ataem-7, Cinsoy, Blaze, SA-88 and ÇU04-122 were used as plant material. All experiments were carried out in 20 replicates. The average moisture content of the stem was 63.13% in syndrome plants and 22.60% in healthy plants.It was determined that the values of shearing stress and specific shearing energy of the plant stem with and without syndrome were statistically different. All parameters investigated in the study except shearing stress were found to be higher in GSS plants. In plants with syndrome, plastic cutting (crushing) has come to the fore instead of solid cutting. This has been assessed and discussed as one of the reasons to increase losses in cutting and blending operations during harvest.
Honey bees Apis mellifera (Hymenoptera: Apidae) are widespread species that have differentiated into numerous geographical races or subspecies. Subspecies differ in various characteristics, such as morphology, behavior, and ecology. Body morphology of honeybees is important for the identification of races for breeding. In the present investigation, biometrics of important organs of Carniolan and Egyptian races Apis mellifera lamarckii and their hybrids and backcrosses were compared. An increasing percentage of honeybee workers with improved morphological characteristics were observed after hybridization between an Egyptian virgin queen and Carniolan drones. The F1 generation showed positive heterosis for length and width of the forewing, tongue length, first wax mirror length, hind tibia length, length and width of the basitarsus, and the number of hooks on the hind wing. High heterosis was also seen for body weight of F1workers. Conversely, negative heterosis was recorded for width of the first wax mirror and length of the hind fumer. Heterosis nearly disappeared in the back cross generation for almost all worker characteristics. The progeny of the backcross generation showed, in general, negative or very low heterosis. Thus, these offspring indicate that the backcross is inferior to F1 and also to mid-parental values.
Soil alteration techniques popularly known as “Tillage” responsible for clean growing medium, eliminate unwanted plants, and reduce leaching and percolation losses to increase crop yields– long-term effects on soil characteristics, structure, and ultimately the ecosystem have been seen. Greenhouse gases are a problem because of agriculture. Zero tillage (ZT) is defined as a climate change-friendly practice through the processes of mitigation and response. However, ZT efficiency is still uncertain at first because of the increased weed growth. Numerous researchers have documented ZT's varying impacts on soil health, property values, and ecosystems. However, its widespread uptake remains questionable because farmers are reluctant to abandon the established local varieties. The soil properties and agricultural yield were affected differently by conventional (CT), minimum (MT), and zero (ZT) tillage. Because of the importance of preserving the soil's physical properties for plant development, the selection of a tillage system is paramount. Soil texture, climate, site features, adoption time, rainfall fluctuations throughout the year, and the soil's natural fertility all play a role in how various tillage methods affect soil properties. To this day, farmers and experts alike lack clear information about how various tillage methods affect soil quality, crop yields, and environmental impact. Furthermore, their long-term impacts have received little attention up to this point. Taking all of this into account, this review was written with the goal of developing the ideal tillage system, which would contribute to environmentally responsible and climate-aware farming practices. Finally, we determined that, across a variety of agroclimatic conditions, minimum tillage performed better than conventional and zero tillage methods in enhancing the different soil properties in a climate-smart and sustainable way.