AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Interventional Pulmonology (middletown, de.)
The nexus between economic growth and poverty reduction in Ethiopia was explored in this study during the period 1995-2015. For this investigation, we used the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) model and the error correction model (ECM). In the short-run, we found bidirectional causality between economic growth and poverty reduction. In the long run, however, the results reveal unidirectional causality. Towards this end, it has been determined that economic growth is mutually beneficial in both short and long run, resulting in poverty reduction in the country. In the short-run, policymakers should focus on measures that promote both economic growth and poverty reduction. Furthermore, in the long run, pro-growth measures should be prioritized, as this would ensure that all forms of poverty are reduced.
Eight Coriander varieties viz. Rcr-20, Rcr-41, Rcr-435, Rcr-436, Rcr-446, Rcr-475, Rcr-684 and Rcr-728 were conducted at the research farm of S.K.N. College of Agriculture, Jobner (Rajasthan) during Rabi, 2016 in randomized block design with three replications on loamy sand soil under control condition plot were irrigated at regular interval while in drought condition plots were maintained under rainfed condition. Yield and yield contributing parameters were recorded at maturity stages and after harvesting. The Coriander varieties Rcr-20 and Rcr-446 behaved as drought tolerance varieties maintained higher seed yield along with number of umbels per plant, seeds per umbel, test weight, seed yield, biological yield, harvest index under drought conditions. The coriander varieties Rcr-435 and Rcr-728 maintained under higher seed yield along with number of umbels per plant, seeds per umbel, test weight, seed yield, biological yield, harvest index under control conditions.
Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik), is widely grown pulse crop. Lentil crop might be attacked by several seed and soil borne diseases. In vitro bio-efficacy of different antagonists and organic amendments on mycelial growth of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. lentis by using seven Trichoderma spp. (T. harzianum, T. viride, T. hamatum, T. asperellum, T. virens, T. koningii, T. atroviride) and seven OAs (vermicompost, FYM, mustard cake, goat cake, mungbean chickpea, cluster bean). In vivo estimation of microflora propagules density, growth, phenological, physiological (chlorophyll and carotenoid contents) biomass parameters and qualitative, yield contributing characters. Under in vitro, the highest mycelial growth inhibition (68.52%) was found with T. harzianum, and among OAs maximum mycelium inhibition was recorded with vermicompost (63.34%). In vivo study, T harzianum + vermicompost effectively reduces microflora propagules (23, 42, 45, 40×105cfu/g soil) at the different intervals (planting, 1, 2, 3, 3.5 months) than the other treatments. This combination enhances percent germination (96.67), phenological and biomass parameters like plant height (47.23 cm), pods/plant (60.42), seeds/plant and yield of seed/plant (4.45 g), fresh and dry weight of shoot & root (33.98, 2.89 and 6.97, 0.79 g) and reduces the disease incidence (14.88 %). Physiological pigments viz; chlorophyll (3.75 mg/ml) and carotenoids (0.71 mg/ml) also recorded maximum in T harzianum + vermicompost combination. The qualitative parameters like plant height (44.67 cm), root nodule (95.00), and yield contributing characters like pods/plant (59.00), seeds/plant (100.00), yield (430.00 kg/h) found maximum in this combination.
A coconut climber was subjected to Finite Element Analysis (FEA) to have an optimized design. Using density-based topology optimization, the coconut climber was redesigned to improve its strength properties and reduce its overall weight. The proposed alternative design has a minimum yielding factor of safety of 5.70 and a weight reduction of at least 30.93%. Aluminum and carbon fiber were also proposed as alternatives to steel. Using these alternatives, the weight of the new design can be further reduced to at least 75.47% (for aluminum) and 84.06% (for carbon fiber) without compromising its strength properties. The numerical results revealed that the proposed design enhanced the overall functional attributes of the climber. It is recommended that other topologies and materials should be explored to further improve the design of the coconut climber.
The world has approximately 90 per cent of its area under rainfed conditions and the dry spells are the characteristics feature of this area which push crop towards water stress. Climate change scenarios predict extended periods of drought and this has emphasized that now we look towards the possibility of positive utilization water stress. However, no one review till date has published that focused on ways of positive utilization of water stress. This review focuses on such intensity and time of occurrence of stress in which a crop is benefited. The crop facing water stress have several changes at morphological and biochemical levels, and these changes not always be deleterious for crop. Fortunately, earlier literature showed that there are many positive effect associated with water stress. For instant trans-generational effects (parent crop during grain formation imposed to water stress and the seeds obtained from them have potential to withstand drought), increase in secondary metabolites, thereby potentially increasing plant defenses and the concentrations of compounds involved in plant quality, particularly taste and health benefits, increase in oil, fiber and protein content etc. Moreover, water stressed produced secondary metabolites has high marketing values (i.e. commercial bio-molecules). However, these positive effects are highly dependent on the degree and time of occurrence of water stress. This review also discusses degree and time of occurrence of water stress with corresponds to positive effects.