AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Zhenkong Kexue yu Jishu Xuebao/Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Botanical products are the best alternative to chemical insecticides to minimize the negative impact. In this work, Cinnamomum zeylancium essential oils (Laurales: Lauraceae) and Elettaria cardamomum (Zingiberales: Zingiberaceae) were evaluated to determine toxicity, repellent and detrimental effects on progeny of Sitophilus granarius (linnaques) (Coleoptera: Curculiondae) and Tribolium confusum (jacquelindu val) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). Furthermore, to assess grain weight loss percentage. Chemical analysis of the testing materials was conducted using a GC-MS method to recognize the main components of the tested materials which probably had the toxic effect. The obtained results showed that, the two essential oils at all concentrations have higher repellent effect on T. confusum than S. granarius. Elettaria Cardamomum is an effective toxic and repellent agent against the two tested insects at all concentrations. Elettaria cardamomum LC50 values 2.18, 8.96 ml/kg compared to 5.15, 12.97 ml/kg for C. zeylanicum against S. granarius and T. confusum respectively. However, T. confusum is more tolerant. In addition, the two botanical oils inhibited the emerged adults and reduced the weight loss of grains. Chemical analysis of essential oils of C. zeylancium and E. cardamomum revealed that the majority of them was Cinnamaldhyde (63.13%) and a-terpinayl-acetate (47.64%) for C. zeylancium and E. cardamomum respectively.
Production of conventional puddled transplanted rice is facing severe constraints because of water and labor scarcity and climatic changes. Direct Seeded Rice (DSR) is a feasible alternative with good potential to save water, reduce labor requirement, mitigation of green house gases (GHGs) emission and adaptability to climate risks. Considering its importance, an exploratory study was carried out in Haryana state during 2020-21 with an objective to examine the acceptance of DSR cultivation technology and constraints faced by farmers during its acceptance. Present study was conducted in Haryana during 2020 & 2021, Selecting 2 districts randomly, two blocks were selected randomly, from each selected district, further two villages from each selected block and then twenty farmers from each selected village were selected at random. Thus, a total of 160 farmers were selected for the study. The primary data were obtained through personal interview method using a structured interview schedule. Findings of the study revealed that majority of the farmers belonged to middle age group having medium size of farm, educated up to secondary school, medium category of mass media exposure, economic motivation, most of them, i.e. 88.20 per cent belonged to Low to Medium category of The overall adoption of DSR cultivation. However, very serious constraints in acceptance of DSR technology were viz., infestation of weeds, inadequate knowledge of DSR, occurrence of rain before germination, unwillingness to change and non-availability of DSR machine at the time of sowing, etc. The correlation and regression of different variables, i.e. education, land holding, availability of farm equipments, mass media exposure, extension contact, economic motivation, risk orientation and innovativeness exhibited positive and significant correlation with adoption level of DSR technology at 0.05 level of probability.
An experiment was conducted during Rabi season 2020–21 at the Horticulture Research Center (HRC) of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture & Technology in Modipuram, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh to assess the effect of different fermented liquid manures with RDF on growth and yield of onion. A total of ten treatment consisting T1 Control (Without Fertilization), T2 RDF( 100:50:50 ,NPK), T3 RDF + Seedling treatment with Beejamrit @ 6%, T4 RDF + Seedling Treatment with Beejamrit @8%, T5 RDF + Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @ 6%, T6 RDF +Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @ 8 %, T7 RDF + Seedling treatment with Beejamrit @6 %+ Foliar spray of Jeevamrit@6%, T8 RDF + Seedling treatment with Beejamrit @6%+ Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @8%, T9 RDF + Seedling treatment with Beejamrit @8%+ Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @6% and T10 RDF + Seedling treatment with Beejamrit @ 8%+ Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @8% were taken for the study. Among the treatments, plants fertilized and treated with RDF + Beejamrit @ 8%+ Foliar spray of Jeevamrit @ 8% showed superiority in terms of growth parameters while bulb yield parameter demonstrates superiority when plants treated with RDF and seedling treated with Beejamrit @8% with foliar spray of Jeevamrit @ 6% over other treatments.
The ‘Vehicular Ad hoc Network’ (VANET) has appeared as a feasible field of research. The VANETs performance is widely influenced by the routing protocol (RP). Hence, to make the RPs vigorous to recurrent communication disruptions and also aware of unstable traffic conditions, new routing techniques need to be integrated. Those protocols are termed traffic aware protocols (TAP) because their routing decisions are affected by the traffic status. Here, a TAP is designed for an urban environment. Initially, the traffic parameters for instance, traffic density (TD) and average speed are determined. The prediction of the TD besides the vehicle speed is done by employing the ‘Weighted Moving Average’ (WMA) technique. The optimization of the traffic-aware routing protocol (TARP) is done using the Hybrid ‘Worm Swarm Optimization’ (GWSO) algorithm. Moreover, this algorithm is a merge of the GWSO and the ‘Genetic Algorithm’. Finally, the performance was evaluated by determining a few metrics and then a comparative scrutiny was done.
A field experiment was conducted at Agronomy Main Research Farm, Department of Agronomy, Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India during kharif season of 2016 and 2017 on ‘Impact of Crop Establishment Methods and Weed Management Practices on Weed Dynamics and yield of rice”. The field experiment was laid out in a split plot design with three replications by taking 24 treatment combinations with four crop establishment methods in the main plot, viz., M1: direct seeded rice (DSR), M2: wet seeded rice (WSR), M3: non-puddled transplanted rice (NPTR), M4: puddled transplanted rice (PTR) and six weed management practices in the sub-plot, viz., W1: weedy check, W2: Bensulfuron methyl 0.6% + Pretilachlor 6% ((pre emergence(PE)) 0.660 kg ha-1 + hand weeding (HW) at 30 DAS/T, W3: Bensulfuron methyl 0.6% + Pretilachlor 6% (PE) 0.495kgha-1 + HW at 30 days after sowing/transplanting (DAS/T), W4: Bensulfuron methyl 0.6% + Pretilachlor 6% (PE) 0.495kgha-1 + Bispyribac-Sodium (post emergence (POE)) 0.025 kg ha-1 at 15 DAS/T, W5: Cono weeding (CW) at 15 DAS/T + hand weeding 30 DAS/T, W6: brown manuring/ green manuring. Puddled transplanted rice recorded highest yield with lowest weed incidence and direct seeded rice recorded lowest yield with highest weed incidence among different establishment methods. While, application of Bensulfuron methyl 0.6% + Pretilachlor 6% (PE) @0.660 kg ha-1 +HW at 30DAS/T recorded highest yield with lowest weed incidence.