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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology Zhenkong Kexue yu Jishu Xuebao/Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Wuhan Ligong Daxue Xuebao (Jiaotong Kexue Yu Gongcheng Ban)/Journal of Wuhan University of Technology (Transportation Science and Engineering) Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)

Submission Deadline
24 Mar 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 03 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Mar 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 03 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Conservation Agricultural Practices in Castor (Ricinus communis L.) Based Legume Intercropping System

Paper ID- AMA-29-11-2022-11847

Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is a drought-resistant plant with great flexibility to different climatic and soil conditions. Currently, there is a high expectation of rising demand for castor oil on the world market. In terms of crop production, it has to be considered that there are a number of variables for each growing area, particularly when it is preferred to adapt the castor crop to a certain soil tillage system and intercropping system. In this respect, the objective of the present study was to determine the effects of different tillage systems and legume based castor intercropping systems under rainfed conditions. The field experiments were conducted in 2020–21 and 2021–22 at the Tapioca and Castor Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Yethapur. The experimental treatments consist of conventional tillage and minimum tillage as main plots and a castor based intercropping system at a 1:3 ratio, viz., castor + greengram, castor + cowpea, castor + groundnut, and sole castor as subplot treatments, and are conducted in a split plot design with three replications. The pooled result of the two-year study of different tillage practices in castor based legume intercropping systems in rainfed agriculture found no significant difference among tillage practices relevant to growth, yield attributing characters, seed yield, and biomass yield, although numerically higher values were registered under conventional tillage practices over minimum tillage. The higher seed yields of both base (1152 kg ha-1) and intercrop (481 kg ha-1) were recorded in conventional tillage practices over minimum tillage. With respect to intercropping, a higher base crop (castor) yield of 1058 kg ha-1 was recorded under the castor + groundnut intercropping system, which was observed to be on par with sole castor (1020 kg ha-1) and castor + greengram (907 kg ha-1). The highest Castor equivalent yield recorded in castor + groundnut (1:3) intercropping, grown under a conventional tillage system. Moreover, the maximum benefit-cost ratio was recorded in castor + groundnut (1:3) intercropping, over sole castor cropping.

Effect of age of seedlings and varieties on growth and yield parameters of transplanted wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in irrigated sub-tropics of Jammu

Paper ID- AMA-28-11-2022-11846

Twenty and thirty days old seedlings of wheat varieties were transplanted under organic conditions during the Rabi seasons of 2017-20 at the Organic Farming Research Centre, SKUAST-Jammu to assess the response of wheat varieties as a transplanted wheat crop on growth and productivity in irrigated sub-tropics of Jammu. The experiment comprises of transplanted and conventional method of wheat sowing of 5 different varieties of wheat viz JAUW 584, RSP 561, WH 1105, RAJ 3765 and JAUW 598 of 2 different age old seedlings sown at i,e. 20 & 30 days under organic condition. During the three year experiment it was reported that transplanted wheat recorded transplanted wheat produced 21% more grain yield than that from direct seeding. Further, among the different wheat varieties, ‘JAUW 584’ recorded the highest grain yield, straw yield and harvest index in transplanted method as compared with other wheat varieties. The maximum number of effective tillers/m2 (492) was observed in JAUW 584 at 20 days old seedlings; highest ear lengths (11.87 cm), maximum number of grains/ear (34.80) were observed in JAUW 584 at 20 days old seedlings. Based on the above results, it may be concluded that almost all of the yield and yield contributing characters of transplanted wheat performed best under the interaction between age of seedlings 20 days old seedlings and the variety JAUW 584. And it also indicated that wheat transplanting may be a viable alternative to direct seeding under late seeding conditions.

Effect of Vegetable Based Vital Ingredients On Functional Pizza Cheese (Processed) - Cost Benefit Analysis And Consumer Acceptability

Paper ID- AMA-28-11-2022-11845

Pizza cheese (processed) with incorporation of vegetable based vital ingredients has lot of health benefits. From the economic analysis of this product, it was found that initial capital investment in starting the business was 40 lakhs. The proportion of fixed and variable cost was 4.38 per cent and 95.62 per cent, respectively. Final cost of production of optimized pizza cheese (processed) was worked out to be 450.48 per kg. Through selling of pizza cheese (processed) and whey, estimated returns were 48720. Considering the prevailing market price of pizza cheese (processed) to be 480 per kg, a profit of 36.72 per kg could be obtained which is a good profit margin for the commercial viability and sustainability of the product. Benefit cost ratio was observed to be 1.08 which is quite higher than one indicating good viability of the investment. The breakeven output was calculated as 34.95 kg of product with a margin of safety of 65.05 per cent which is quite high indicating that the business is secure and less risky. Consumer acceptability studies showed that among them, 55 per cent suggested to add variety of vegetables and seasoning in pizza, 25 per cent suggested to add more cheese and 20 per cent suggested to reduce the odor in cheese to increase the acceptability of the developed product. From the research findings, it was concluded that this product has potential marketability to start the business for income generation of the dairy entrepreneurs.

Antifeedant activity of Ocimum basilicum and Jasminum grandiflorum essential oils against Rhyzopertha dominica and Tribolium castaneum and the effect on wheat grains germination.

Paper ID- AMA-28-11-2022-11844

Current study undertaken to find out the antifeedant activity of essential oils extracted from two local plants namely Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum (Fam. Oleaceae) and Basil Ocimum basilicum Var, (Fam. Lamiaceae) against two of major stored insects (Tribolium castaneum, and Rhyzopertha dominica) also to evaluate the effect on wheat grains germination. Results showed that all tested essential oils had antifeedant effect on both tested insects for parents and F1. R. dominica was more sensitive than T. castaneum. Jasmine absolute had the strongest effect against T. castaneum with the highest concentration where the loss of weight was 0.00% for parents and 4.2% for F1 while basil oil had the strongest effect on F1 with 4.07% weight loss at the same concentration. For R. dominica All tested essential oils had a great effect on F1 where there were no loss of weight with all tested oils and all concentrations. Compared to control data showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on rootlet germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on rootlet germination percentage with 30%, while for germination speed basil absolute had the slowest germination speed with 0.34 day. Results also showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on feather germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on germination percentage with 15%, while for germination speed basil absolute also had the slowest germination with 0.38 day.

Evaluation of Eri silkworm (Samia ricini) pupae as substitution for broiler diet

Paper ID- AMA-27-11-2022-11843

Eri silkworm (samia ricini) pupae is a waste product from the ericulture. The proximate analysis of Eri pupae showed maximum crude protein, crude fiber, ash content and moisture content were recorded 55.21 per cent, 3.85 per cent, 3.23 per cent and 9.51 per cent, respectively. Use of Eri pupal powder as a substitute in broiler diets showed significant higher body weight and weight gain of broiler at 35 per cent substitution (2022.37 and 1985.80g) followed by 45 per cent substitution (1980.08 and 1974.62 g) and least in control diet (1969.00 and 865.44g). Feed consumption was found maximum in 35 per cent substitution (4221.22 g) followed by 45 per cent substitution (4179.26 g) and lowest in control diet (4047 g).