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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering

Mechanized Paddy Transplanting Impacts on the Productivity and Sustainability of the Rice Cultivation System in North West IGP: A Review

Paper ID- AMA-14-06-2023-12332

North Western Indo-Gangetic plains of Asia place a premium on maintaining its rice producing systems for the sake of food security and economic development. In addition to agricultural inputs, social and environmental variables contribute to this productivity boost. To address these new issues, innovative and lucrative solutions that minimize waste of resources and financial resources have been developed. The soil health, the subsurface water table, and the release of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming are all threatened by the high resource requirements of traditional rice transplanting. There are labour shortages during transplanting because agricultural workers have left the industry to find higher wages in the metropolis. The low plant density of the conventional transplanting approach necessitates the use of supplementary inputs like fertilisers and insecticides, which drives up the cost of production and decreases harvest yield. In these conditions, rice transplanting must not only be cost-effective, but also labor-efficient, all without compromising the expected crop yield. Mechanical paddy transplanting (MPT) improves crop yields and guarantees timely planting. Mechanical rice transplantation is simple and profitable. Although growing mat-type nurseries outperform conventional transplanting methods, they have low field acceptability because of high entry barriers and a lack of expertise. With the use of technological knowledge, rapid availability, and specialized employment, farmers may be able to apply automated transplanting. Rice seedlings may be easily transplanted into soils with varying textures using MPT, which is an environmentally benign and climate-smart technique. It helps increase the profitability, sustainability, and production of rice farms while decreasing their carbon footprint. This review looked at the positive and negative effects that using mechanical paddy transplanting to deal with a lack of labor had on NW IGP rice yields, profits, and sustainability, and then identified the gaps that need to be filled for wider adoption.

Impact of enzyme supplementation in broiler chickens

Paper ID- AMA-13-06-2023-12330

This study was carried out to assess how the addition of enzymes to broiler diets composed of soya bean and maize impacts their performance. A total of 144 day-old Vencobb broiler chicks were divided into eight groups consisting of nine birds each, with two replicates. Experimental diets were formulated based on the NRC (1994) guidelines. Multi-enzyme supplements containing cellulase (400 units/g), xylanase (2000 units/g), pectinase (600 units/g), and protease (2000 units/g) were prepared and added to the feed at a rate of 500 g/ton. The experimental period was 42 days. Live weight gain and feed consumption were determined at weekly intervals. The enzyme supplementation did not show significant variation in mean body weight gain among treatment groups at 3rd and 6th week of age even with the reduction in energy and protein intake. The feed intake was significantly lowest (P < 0.01) in T7 at 3rd week of age, whereas, significantly lowest (P < 0.01) feed intake was recorded in T3 and T7 at 6th week of age. Significantly lowest FCR was observed in T2 and T4 at 3rd (P< 0.05) and 6th week of age (P< 0.01). A net profit of Rs. 4.94 (T4) and 3.97 (T3) per bird was obtained by reducing the energy level by 5 to 10 per cent. It can be concluded that the addition of enzymes to diets based on soya bean and maize improves the performance of broilers with low protein and energy, thus improving the revenue of the farm.

Varietal Susceptibility of Okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench] Against Shoot and Fruit Borer

Paper ID- AMA-13-06-2023-12329

Eleven varieties of okra were screened and none of the variety was found completely free from the attack of shoot and fruit borer. On the basis of shoot damage, the varieties, Versha Uphar and Arka Anamika were ranked as least susceptible. The varieties Hisar Naveen, Hisar Unnat, Arka Abhay, Pusa Makhamali, Aprajita, Kashi Mohini and Parbhani Kranti, ranked as moderately susceptible, while Sagun and Pusa Sawani were ranked as highly susceptible against shoot borer. On number and weight basis of fruit, the varieties Varsha Uphar and Arka Anamika were rated as least susceptible, Hisar Naveen, Hisar Unnat, Pusa Makhamali, Arka Abhay, Aprajita, Kashi Mohini, Parbhani Kranti as moderately susceptible, whereas, Sagun and Pusa Sawani as highly susceptible against fruit borer.

The effects of supplementary pollen diets on population, growth, and performance of honey bee

Paper ID- AMA-12-06-2023-12327

Honey bees occupy a prime position among all the pollinating agents because they can be managed in artificial nests, i.e. hives and can be placed in desired numbers. In Himachal Pradesh, the beekeepers migrate their colonies to other places during winters due to scarcity of bee flora. To keep the honeybee colonies strong during dearth periods different pollen substitutes and supplement need to be evaluated as a part of good management practice for beekeeping. Various ingredients were used such as defatted soya-flour, wheat flour, yeast, gram powder, skimmed milk various grain flour, sugar, honey etc. These mixtures were used in different ratios to evaluate their influence on colony parameters of A. mellifera L. The colonies were fed on various pollen substitute and supplement diets by frame feeding method at 14 days interval during rainy-autumn and spring-summer season. All the pollen substitutes were accepted by A. mellifera colonies and the consumption rate within 14 days varied in the range of 80.62% to 97.65% during both the seasons. A significant increase in brood area (1.61 times), honey stores (3.41 times during rainy-autumn, 2.87 during spring–summer) and pollen stores (1.77 times during rainy-autumn, 1.43 during spring–summer) was observed over control. On the basis of these studies, it was suggested that various pollen substitutes showed positive effect on colony parameters and honey stores of A. mellifera as compared to control.


Paper ID- AMA-10-06-2023-12325

In the recent technology obsessed world, the need for inclusion of technology in the existing agriculture techniques has become the need of the hour. The work focuses on smart agriculture using automation and IOT technologies. The highlighting features of this work include smart tasks like soil moisture sensing, pH detection, keeping vigilance, etc. Secondly it includes smart irrigation with smart control based on accurate real time field data. The aim of this work is to develop a device which measures the value from soil moisture sensor, pH sensor, temperature and humidity sensor and presence of objects near the area of the operation with the help of the ultrasonic sensor. The values measured will be displayed with the help of the mobile application. Based on the values obtained from the soil using moisture sensor, the motor shall be switched ON/OFF with the help of the mobile application if the value of soil moisture is beyond the specified value. This system can ensure better crops and proper field management. This will bring a new benefit to the overall growth of the country because as food is the foremost need of any human being in the world.