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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
26 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 06 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 06 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Cultural variability in isolates of Pyricularia oryzae causing rice blast disease in Jammu region

Paper ID- AMA-24-07-2022-11554

Rice blast (Pyricularia oryzae) is the most destructive disease of rice in Jammu & Kashmir. The variability status of P. oryzae was not studied in Jammu region, although many studies had been done in the Kashmir region, therefore the present study is first study which aimed at determining the cultural variability in the rice blast isolates of the Jammu region. In this research, leaf blast samples were collected from the rice growing areas of five districts of Jammu division and variability among 30 isolates of Pyricularia oryzae was studied with respect to cultural traits. The colony colour of thirty isolates collected during the survey were off white to greyish black, with circular or irregular margins and flattened to raised growth pattern. On the basis of colony growth pattern, margin and colour, the isolates were categories into 6 groups (A, B, C, D, E and F). All thirty isolates exhibited excellent variability in respect of colony growth pattern, margins and colony colour.

Identification of promising Sesame Cultivar against Root and stem rot incited by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi.) Goid

Paper ID- AMA-24-07-2022-11553

Sesame root and stem rot incited by Macrophomina phaseolina is polyphagous a soil borne and phytopathogenic fungus having a wide host range of about 500 cultivated and wild plant species worldwide. In the present study efforts were made to find out the sources of promising breeding cultivar/varieties to root and stem rot of sesame. In present investigation comprised of 314 cultivars of sesame including two local checks GT-10(resistant) and VRI-1(Susceptible) were used for rapid screened by sick pot method against Root and stem rot against M.phaseolina. Among 314 cultivars results were observed seven cultivars were recorded between 15-20 per cent and 35 cultivars recorded between 21-30 percent root and stem rot incidence.

Livelihood Diversification in Uttarakhand Hills: Patterns and Determinants

Paper ID- AMA-23-07-2022-11552

This study aimed at assessing the level of livelihood diversification and its determinants in the Uttarakhand hills using the Simpson diversification index and a multiple linear regression model from the data obtained from 200 sample farmers chosen through a multistage random sampling technique. The results indicated that there was 100 per cent engagement of households in agricultural activities, yet the proportion of average income derived from them was only 4.78 per cent. The value of the diversification index indicated that about 19 per cent of the sample households belonged to low, 49.50 per cent to moderate, and 31.50 per cent of households belonged to a high level of livelihood diversification. Further, the results of the multivariate regression equation indicated that household structure, dependency ratio, education of household, organisation membership, and training had positive effects, while age of household head and farm size showed negative effects on livelihood diversification. As the soil and topography in the state are not suitable for mono-cropping, mixed agricultural practises need to be adopted. Small scale industries, cottage industries, and tourism should be developed and have diverse skill development training programmes.

Nutritional, antinutritional and in vitro digestibility of sprouted mung beans

Paper ID- AMA-18-07-2022-11540

Germination increases the bioavailability of nutrients and sprouts are a good source of vitamins and minerals. Seeds of three mung bean varieties (SGC-16, SGC-20 and IPM-02-3) of Assam were sprouted at 24, 48, 72 and 96 h under dark at 25±2°C. Significant increase in moisture content, crude protein, crude fibre and ash contents, while crude fat, starch and carbohydrate content significantly decreased during the sprouting period. Mineral contents (Na, K, P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, and Cu), vitamin C, niacin significantly increased during the sprouting period. Thiamine increased up to 72 h and riboflavin increased up to 48 h and then both showed decreasing trend. Antinutritional factors like phytic acid and tannin significantly decreased while, in vitro protein digestibility significantly increased during sprouting periods. The varieties SGC-20 and SGC-16 are nutritionally superior over the variety IPM-02-3 which can be recommended for use in breeding as sprout varieties.

CYTOMORPHOLOGICAL ANALYSIS OF INTROGRESSED TRISPECIES DERIVATIVES OF COTTON (G. HIRSUTUM L. X G. BARBADENSE L.) X G. ARBOREUM L.)

Paper ID- AMA-18-07-2022-11539

Cytological studies of 50 introgressed trispecies derivatives of cotton genotypes obtained in BC1F21 generation of trispecies crosses of [(G. hirsutum x G. barbadanse) x G. arboreum] were carried out to determine the chromosome behavior, yield, morphology and fiber quality traits. Of these 12 introgressed trispecies derivatives were observed most diverse for these traits. During meiosis variation in chromosome number ranging from 47 to 54.5 was observed against the normal chromosomal behavior of G. arboreum (2n == 26) and G. hirsutum (2n=4x=52). Chromosome pairing revealed the presence of univalent, bivalent, trivalent and tetravalent compounds. Yield and morphologically these derivatives increased significantly over the check varieties while fiber quality traits viz., upper half mean length (UHML) and uniformity index were found to be inferior than the check hybrid DCH-32; however, it was found at par with other checks viz., NH-615, DHY-286 and PA-183. The fiber strength was found to be superior over all the checks. These results indicate that these developed lines had introgressed of character from species viz., hirsutum, arboreum and barbadense.