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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment

Submission Deadline
26 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 06 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Jun 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 06 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

INVESTIGATING THE EFFECT OF TREES ON URBAN AIR QUALITY THROUGH AIR POLLUTION TOLERANCE ASSESSMENT IN DIFFERENT URBAN LOCATIONS OF COIMBATORE, TAMIL NADU, INDIA

Paper ID- AMA-10-10-2022-11728

Urban greenery with the help of trees is the best and only method for lowering air pollution because the leaves of the trees absorb particulate matter, gases (such as sulphur oxides and nitrogen oxides), and metals. The ascorbic acid concentration, total chlorophyll content, leaf extract pH, and relative water content of 10 commonly found urban trees were assessed in the current study to determine their Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) values. The study was taken up in three different urban localities, viz., control zone, heavy traffic zone and industrial zone in Coimbatore urban area of Western Tamil Nadu, India during the year 2021 – 22 under three different seasons namely summer, winter and rainy seasons. It was revealed that Thespesia populnea, Polyalthia longifolia and Delonix regia were outstanding tree species with high APTI value, which will perform best in urban air pollution condition. The remaining 7 tree species were categorized into good tolerant and moderate tolerant tree species, which can be used as 2nd and 3rd tier tree retardant rather than separate plantation programme in urban cities. This highly tolerant tree species in urban localities will not only helps in reducing the air pollution level, but also acts as a barrier as environmental protector.

Evaluation of castor genotype in terms of biochemical attributes and its influence on economic parameters of eco races of eri silkworm, Philosamia ricini (Donovan) in Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-10-10-2022-11727

Ericulture is mainly confined to North-Eastern region of India. In the present investigation, eco races of eri silkworm viz., Borduar, Barpathar, Khanapara, Mendipathar, Titabar and locally available commercial C2 breed were reared on four castor genotypes such as GCH 4, GCH 7, DCH 519, TMV 5 in comparison with local castor variety to evaluate the biochemical attributes of different castor genotypes and its influence on economic parameters of eco races of eri silkworm when reared on different castor genotypes. The study was carried out during the year 2019-2022 at department of Sericulture, TNAU, Coimbatore to identify suitable race for Tamil Nadu condition and the experimental design used for the study is FCRD (Factorial Completely Randomized Design) with four replications. The study revealed that, the castor genotype GCH 4 revealed higher level of biochemical constituents’ viz., crude protein (29.07 %), soluble protein (27.17 mg/g), total carbohydrate (39.21 %), crude fat (1.12 %) and ash content (4.73 %) followed by DCH 519 and least was recorded in TMV 5. Influence of castor genotypes on rearing of eco races of eri worms stated that leaves of GCH 4 recorded significantly maximum economic parameters followed by DCH 519 and local castor variety. Among the eco-races, Borduar registered best economic parameters followed by C2 breed in which both were on par with each other compared to other eco-races. The interaction between castor genotype x eri silkworm eco races, Borduar eco race of eri silkworm reared on the leaves of GCH 4 genotype found best for all parameters followed by GCH 4 x C2 breed and the lowest was recorded in TMV 5 x Barpathar.

Design for the socio-technical maintenance network « DFMSN »

Paper ID- AMA-09-10-2022-11725

The objective of the article is to propose a design for the Socio-Technical Maintenance Network “DFMSN” of the equipment of small agri-food units in West Africa, while considering significant indicators of this network in particular, the duration of the supply, the costs and life of spare parts of similar equipment, with good operational availability. We propose guidelines similar to design rules used as design aids. A local design team has been applied to demonstrate its applicability and validation. The result feedbacks are relevant however, other similar design experiments are needed to enrich the DFMSN.

Computational Analysis for Assessment of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Status and its Implications on Empowerment of Gujjar Tribe in Shiwalik Himalayas of Jammu & Kashmir, India

Paper ID- AMA-08-10-2022-11724

Pure and Safe water and sanitation facilities are the basic requirements for better hygiene and overall development of any society and community but still many communities are devoid of such basic needs. The overall situation is worst in developing countries in general and among the backward and tribal communities in particular. Therefore, it is the need of the hour to examine and investigate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) conditions for the empowerment of the Gujjar tribe that still practices transhumance. To explore WaSH conditions and enhance the empowerment of the tribe, WaSH Index (WI) and Empowerment in Wash Index (EWI) have been proposed in this research work by using a set of suitable indicators from four clusters of dwellings of this tribe. Unfortunately, none of the clusters was found to have an acceptable level of WaSH score. All the selected clusters were reported to have WaSH scores between 5.8 and 6.0. The study further revealed that only 18.5% of households were having better WaSH scores, whereas 34% of households were having poor WaSH scores. The poor WaSH score in alliance with the poor EWI score is largely attributed to (or controlled by) the quality of occupation, educational status, and household type. The present study revealed that 37% of the sampled households in the four clusters were found to be below the poverty line and involved only in primary occupations. The present study will have a broader implication for policymakers and tribal activists in meeting the goals to achieve an acceptable level of WaSH score among the tribe.

Beauveria bassiana Mass Production On Solid Substrate and Compatibility with Botanicals Used in Organic Crop Pest Management

Paper ID- AMA-07-10-2022-11722

Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin is a promising entomopathogenic fungus used as a biological pesticide that mycosis a wide range of arthropod hosts. In agricultural fields, a significant amount of agricultural waste is generated. Laboratory studies on the combination of botanicals and entomopathogenic fungi, as well as their compatibility, could provide useful information for the development of pest management strategies in organic agriculture. Therefore, efforts were made in this study to grow the B. bassiana on agricultural wastes for spore production and to determine B. bassiana compatibility with botanicals that are alternatives to synthetic chemical insecticides. Among the substrates tested, chopped potato slice resulted in significantly highest spore production of test fungus as support the maximum production of spore load (4.3× 108 cfu/gm) followed by rice (4.1× 108 cfu/gm) whereas sawdust supported least spore load than other substrates on 25th DAI. In vitro, nine different botanicals were tested against B. bassiana at a concentration of 10%. The maximum radial mycelial growth was observed in Eucalyptus globulus (5.08 cm), with the percent growth inhibition (43.66%), whereas the botanicals were Azadirachta indica (72.0%) and Prospis juliflora (70.55%) have an inhibitory effect on B. bassiana.