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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Chemical and Mechanical options for Management of Weeds in Sugarcane in Cauvery Delta Zone of Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-18-11-2022-11820

In Cauvery Delta Zone (CDZ) of Tamil Nadu, Sugarcane is an important commercial crop with wider spacing and lond duration which suffers from weeds where weed management studies are vey meagre. Therefore, the present experiment was conducted during the special season of 2016-17 to 2018-19 at Sugarcane Research Station, Sirugamani, Tamil Nadu to evolve suitable weed management practices for weed control in Sugarcane in the CDZ for increasing the cane yield. The experiment was laid out in RBD replicated thrice with 8 treatments using TNAU Sugarcane Si8 as test variety. The treatments consisted of pre emergence herbicides in combination with post emergence herbicides or weeding by power tiller or intercropping with daincha. The crop yield parameters, weed control efficiency and economics were observed. Significantly higher cane yield (123.3 t/ha), highest net income (Rs. 2,11,220/ha) and BCR (3.02) along with highest weed control efficiency (50.4%) at 240th day was recorded with application of Pre-emergence herbicide (atrazine @1.00 kg/ha) and post emergence herbicide (Metribuzin @ 0.75 kg/ha) at 60 days after planting.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PROFILE OF HORTICULTURAL GRADUATES AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS HORTIPRENEURSHIP

Paper ID- AMA-17-11-2022-11817

The study was conducted in College of Horticulture, Venkataramannagudem and College of Horticulture, Anantharajupeta, Dr.YSRHU, Venkataramannagudem in Andhra Pradesh state. The data collected from the graduates of two constituent Colleges. Thus total 120 respondents were selected by random sampling method. The majority of respondents were female, having rural background and had medium annual income, with marginal land holding. Majority of the respondent parents were in government service. Most of the respondents secured first class during their graduation with low participation in extracurricular activities. Majority of the respondents had medium level of decision making ability, achievement motivation, hortibussiness anxiety, innovativeness and risk orientation. Majority of respondents had medium level of personal entrepreneurship capability, sensitizations, and medium level of interest in studying the hortipreneurial concepts and medium level of tendency ie, level of inclination or likeliness towards hortipreneurship and It was observed that, there was non-significant correlation was found between gender and attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship, annual income was negative and non- significantly correlated with attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship, there was negative and non- significant correlation found between extra-curricular activities and attitude towards hortipreneurship, landholding was negative and non-significantly correlated with attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship, family background had positive and non-significant relationship with the attitude, academic performance had negative and non-significant relationship with attitude of the respondents, parents occupation had positive and non-significant relationship with the attitude, decision making ability had positive and significant with 0.05 level of significance relationship with attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship, achievement motivation had positive and significant with 0.05 level of significance relationship with attitude of the respondents, Horti business anxiety had positive and significant relationship with attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship, innovativeness had positive and significant with 0.05 level of significance relationship with attitude and Risk orientation had positive and significant with 0.01 level of significance relationship with attitude of the respondents towards hortipreneurship.

Molecular identification of blast resistant genes in rice germplasm from the North-eastern region of India

Paper ID- AMA-16-11-2022-11816

Rice blast disease caused by the fungus Magnaporthe oryzae is one of the most devastating diseases causing huge losses worldwide. In the present study, 14 major blast resistance genes were investigated in rice genotypes originating from northeastern region of India. Based on phenotypic evaluation, 60 genotypes were classified into five distinct groups: resistant (1), moderately resistant (10), moderately susceptible (15), susceptible (21), and highly susceptible (13). The genetic frequencies of the 14 major blast resistance genes were between 11.66% and 100.00%, with only two genotypes possessing a maximum of 14 blast resistance genes. The cluster and population structure analysis grouped the landraces into three groups. Through principal coordinate analysis, the scatter plots partitioned the resistant, moderately resistant, moderately susceptible, susceptible and highly susceptible genotypes into different groups. According to the PCoA analysis, the first two axes explained 19.12% and 16.18% of the total genetic variation, respectively, contributing a total of 35.31% of genetic variation. Similarly, model-based population structure analysis differentiated the landraces into three subpopulations, SP1, SP2, and SP3. Interestingly, the cluster analysis and population structures were associated respectively, such that The SG1 consisted of 28 genotypes, of which eleven (13.33%) were medium resistant. The SG2 comprised 18 genotypes, of which seven (37.55%) were medium susceptible. Similarly, SG3 included 14 genotypes with a high number of susceptible genotypes. The present study represents a valuable blast resistance genetic resource that could be used for identification of new R genes, and genomic studies donors for blast resistance.

A study on the role of Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs) on Tribal livelihood development.

Paper ID- AMA-14-11-2022-11812

Tribal economy and development is mainly dependent on the Forest and Non wood forest products. The non wood forest products are mainly the products and services availed from the other those timber products of the forest and the fringed areas. Traditionally these forest products are having direct impact on the livelihood of the tribal communities. This study has been designed to analyse the role of the Non wood forest products on the livelihood of the tribal communities in the Tamil Nadu State, India. Three of the major tribal communities in the Nilgiris Hills, Kolli hills and the Kalvarayan Hills were taken for the study. The key informant method was followed and 80 informants were selected to collect the primary data. An exhaustive list of the available NWFPs was also inventorised. The contribution of the livelihood through the products ranged from 50-10 % based upon the collection and marketing of the products.

Techno-performance of laser land leveller under various cultivation methods with suitable weed management regimes on growth of rice

Paper ID- AMA-14-11-2022-11809

Agriculture land levelling plays a key role because undulating topography of the fields has a major impact on the germination, water movement, water saving, weed growth and crop yields. Management of critical components such as land, water and weeds in agriculture has become a challenging task for many reasons. In rainfed and irrigated agriculture, land development plays a key role because of undulating topography of the soil surface. The study was conducted during Kharif 2021 to evaluate the performance of laser land leveller with various cultivation methods and weed management practices in rice at Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Tamil Nadu, India. Plant height, number of tillers hill-1, Dry matter production were found to be higher in machine transplanted rice compared to conventional transplanting among cultivation methods. Amidst weed management practices Pyrazosulfuron + Pretilachlor (10 kg/ha) as pre emergence at 3 DAS/DAT fb Bispyripac sodium (25 g a.i/ha) as early post emergence application at 15 DAS/DAT over unweeded control. The results from this study confirmed that, machine transplanted rice with application of herbicide, Pyrazosulfuron + Pretilachlor (10 kg/ha) as pre emergence at 3 DAS/DAT fb Bispyripac sodium (25 g a.i/ha) as early post emergence application at 15 DAS/DAT in laser levelled land had better crop stand and growth thus resulting in lesser weed infestations.