AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
China's crop straw scale power generation industry is still in the initial development stage. In recent years, China has attached great importance to the development of biomass energy and issued a series of industrial technology policies to promote crop straw and power generation. Based on the foundation and characteristics of the current development of China's straw power generation industry, this study combs and analyzes the current policy situation focusing on laws, regulations, technical specifications, economic policies and other aspects, and makes it clear that the straw scale power generation industry market is still in the stage of continuous expansion during the 13th Five-Year Plan and even longer, cogeneration is the national key support direction, the profit level of the industry is continuously improved, and the requirements of industry supervision and environmental protection will be continuously tightened.
The fish and fishery products represent an excellent option as a major source of nutrients. The consummation of fish is compatible with the reduction of various diseases. The objective of the current study was to prepare the ham using low-value fish mixing with red meat of tuna chunk and its proximate composition and sensory attribute. The low-value fish bull's eye and Tuna were collected from the Mangalore landing center. The preliminary quality of raw material was analyzed. Fish ham was prepared by mixing fish paste and cured tuna cubes (60:40). The obtained results for the preliminary quality of raw material showed that all the biochemical, microbiological parameters were within an acceptable range and raw material was fit for the preparation of Fish ham. The results of proximate composition revealed that the fish ham is a good source of protein, fat, and ash contents that are required in human diets. The result of the sensory score of the sensory attributes overall acceptability showed 8.50 from the 9.00 hedonic scale which indicates the excellent results from the human acceptability point of view. The current study developed the process protocol of fish ham preparation using low-value fish underutilized and fetched a low price in the market.
Rice root-knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola is an important endo-parasite of various cultivated crops. Life cycle and pathogenicity of this nematode was studied under screen house condition. It completed its life cycle (J2-J2) in 23 days at mean maximum and minimum temperature 34.12 °C and 25.57 °C, respectively. Study show that plant growth parameters viz. root length, shoot length; fresh and dry plant weight was adversely affected with increasing nematode inoculum level. Low nematode inoculum level (500 J2/kg soil) was found as pathogenic level.
Gharana is a small wetland near the international border of India with Pakistan in the RS Pura sector of Jammu, J&K having an area of 0.75 sq. Km. The wetland is facing a severe threat of pollution through various sources which make it unsuitable for feeding and swimming of fish and bird fauna. The main objectives of this paper are to assess the water quality and eutrophication status of the wetland. Water quality monitoring and analysis of the wetland were carried out from 2015 to 2018. The wetland water quality was assessed as per the Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) standards for drinking purposes, which showed that all the parameters except turbidity were found within the permissible limit. Physico-Chemical analyses of soil and water have been performed and correlation analysis of water quality parameters has been done. The observed data is very limited therefore, getting biased results on applying any computation method is highly likely. Therefore, this study primarily focuses on analyzing the principal contributors in affecting the water quality index. This research uses R programming for experiments and analysis. The results showed that water samples of pre-monsoon fall under the category of very poor water quality while that of post-monsoon fall under the category of unsuitable for drinking. The water quality index readings ranged from 58.92 to 106.66. The lesser minerals in the water also indicated that the water has had less time in contact with the rocks. Further, the analysis of soil samples showed high content of macronutrients viz., nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium. The eutrophication status of the wetland has been assessed using phosphate data which showed that it is facing the problem of eutrophication which is indicating a necessity of taking regular measures for conservation and restoration.
Horticulture crops are the important part of human’s life as they provide many valuable products. Efforts are continuously going on to improve the quality of these crops by modifying their genome. Previously, researchers have introgressed new traits from their crossable relatives by using conventional breeding. However, the conventional breeding is time-consuming and tedious due to the loss of the genetic diversity by domestication and less availability of the donor species. With the advent of sequencing technology, it becomes easier to screen the genome of the wild relatives. Though, due to the incompatibility of the wild relatives with the cultivated ones, it becomes difficult to introgress new traits by crossing. To overcome these barriers, other techniques including tissue culture, mutagenesis and genetic engineering have been developed to modify the genome of the crops. The combination of these techniques along with the breeding has greatly enhanced the quality and productivity of the horticulture crops. Till date various horticulture crops has been genetically modified and released as commercial varieties. This review insight the techniques of the genome modification used to improve the horticulture crops.