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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering.

Submission Deadline
07 Aug 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue- 08 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Aug 2022 (Vol - 53 , Issue 08 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Azerbaijan Medical Journal Gongcheng Kexue Yu Jishu/Advanced Engineering Science Zhonghua er bi yan hou tou jing wai ke za zhi = Chinese journal of otorhinolaryngology head and neck surgery Interventional Pulmonology
Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Suitability Evaluation of Degraded Salt Affected Soils for Pomegranate (Punica granatum) Farming: A Case Study of Bhilwara District, Rajasthan

Paper ID- AMA-27-05-2022-11409

In India, the arable lands are shrinking due to various developmental activities. There is no option other than bringing marginal and/or salt affected lands under cultivation and utilizing them judiciously for salt tolerant horticultural crops. An integrated approach of image interpretation coupled with field studies was followed in Bhilwara district of Rajasthan, to evaluate salt affected soils for pomegranate cultivation, where salt affected soils were scattered and occupied in 10.80% of total geographical area (TGA) of the district. It was comprised of saline, saline-sodic and sodic soils occupying 2.36, 5.67 and 2.79 percent area, respectively of TGA. Based on characteristics of saline and saline-sodic soils, they were assessed as marginally suitable for pomegranate cultivation due to the major limitation of salinity. The sodic soils are marginally suitable for pomegranate cultivation due to the limitation of high pH(pH 8.5 to 9.3) and its subsequent impact on nutrient availability. Limitations of correctable soil properties like pH, salinity or sodicity etc. can be improved after adding some suitable soil amendments and soil class may be upgraded. This will bring them to semi-prime agricultural land in future perspectives. Pomegranate produces fruits throughout the year in India due to suitable climatic conditions. The market of the Indian pomegranates is Europe (mainly Germany), Middle East and Asia. Mainly the products supplied to the markets in the month of December, January and March. In year 2018-19 the total export value of pomegranate was Rs.625.96 Crore, which is considered as a significant step in shining the Indian economy. Still, there is a good scope to increase farmer’s income by bringing marginal/salt affected soils under pomegranate cultivation.

Effect of Chemical and Biofertilizers on Yield and Yield Attributes and Economics of Taramira (Eruca sativa) Under Dryland Conditions

Paper ID- AMA-25-05-2022-11408

Rapeseed-mustard contributes significantly to reducing oil consumption in the India and Rajastahn. Fertility control is required in most rapeseed-mustard-dominated locations in order to increase crop output. In this line, a field experiment was conducted on loamy sand soils at SKN Jobner (Rajasthan) by combining organic (biofertilizers) and inorganic plant nutrient sources to find out their effect on yield and yield attributes and economics return of taramira (Eruca sativa) under dryland conditions. This experiment was conducted from 2011 to 2013 in winter season and comprises the mean analysis. The experiment was laid out in a randomized block design comprised of eight treatments viz., control (no N & P2 O5), 50 % N and P2O5, 75 % N and P2O5, 100 % N and P2O5, Azotobactor + PSB seed treatment, Azotobactor + PSB seed treatment + 50 % N and P2O5, Azotobactor +PSB seed treatment +75 % N and P2O5, Azotobactor + PSB seed treatment +100 % N and P2O5. Application of 100 % RDF (N 30kg + 20kgP2O5 ha-1) + seed inoculation with Azotobacter + PSB significantly (p=0.05) increased number of primary and secondary branches plant-1, number of siliquae plant-1, test weight, seed yield, net returns (Rs. 25435 ha-1) and B: C ratio (4.02) over control. These research findings could be used to increase taramira production in dryland areas with low fertility of soil.

Assessment of genetic variability and character association in fenugreek under Jabalpur condition of Madhya Pradesh

Paper ID- AMA-25-05-2022-11407

An experiment was carried out during 2018-19 at the Vegetable research farm, Department of Horticulture, College of Agriculture, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, with 17 fenugreek germplasms as a part of AICRP on Spices. The genetic variability analysis was carried out with the biometric data obtained. Five plants from each replication are randomly selected to record the biometric observations namely plant height, days to flowering, number of branches plant-1, number of pods plant-1, pod length and seed yield plant-1. The PCV was higher than the corresponding GCV for all the traits under study, including the seed yield. In our study, number of pods plant-1 (44.61%), seed yield plant-1 (41.06%) and number of branches plant-1 (30.46%) showed higher GAM along with higher broad sense heritability. These traits are perhaps under the control of additive gene action and selection for these traits would be effective. The genotypic and phenotypic correlation coefficient between days to first flowering and seed yield plant-1 (0.74 and 0.48) were positive and significant. A direct selection for earliness would improve the seed yield plant-1. The phenotypic correlation coefficient between the number of pods and seed yield plant-1 (0.41) was positive and significant. The phenotypic correlation between the number of branches plant-1 and seed yield plant-1 (-0.38) was significant yet in negative direction. The genotypic path analysis revealed that the plant height and branch number indirectly influenced the seed yield.

Inter-Regional Use of Agricultural Machinery and the Growth of Grain Production

Paper ID- AMA-25-05-2022-11406

This study refers to a result of the study of the causality between agricultural mechanisation and grain production. It applied data from 280 prefecture-level cities across China from 2000 to 2018 with the SPDM model. This paper concludes that (1) when other conditions remain unchanged, the improvement of the level of agricultural mechanisation will not only significantly increase the local grain output but also have a noticeable spatial spill-over effect on the grain output of other regions through the cross-regional operation of agricultural machinery; (2) in the long run, the spatial spillover effect of agricultural mechanisation on grain production is greater and more evident than the direct effect; (3) the spatial spillover effect of agricultural mechanisation on grain production decreases with the increase of cross-regional distance.

Effect of Pruning Intensities on Growth, Yield and Quality of Kinnow in the Plains of North Western Himalayas.

Paper ID- AMA-24-05-2022-11405

Pruning is a technique used in orchards to control growth and stimulate the formation of new shoots and buds by removing dead or diseased wood. It has the common objectives of manipulating the vegetative or reproductive growth. The research work was carried out to quantify the pruning intensity and level on the quality and yield in Kinnow fruit crop was studied in Division of Fruit Science at Advanced Centre for Horticulture, SKUAST-J, Udheywalla Jammu, UT of J& K, India. The results showed that pruning had a substantial effect on the growth of kinnow plants and results in progressive increase in shoot length (0.88 m), shoot girth (2.42 cm), no. of leaves/shoot (43.27), no. of buds/shoot (60.55), time of emergence of shoot (9.29 days), no. of shoots produced (52.92), total no. of shoots (298.53) which were recorded with plants pruned @ 20 per cent intensity on 1st January while, highest fruit yield per tree (34.83 kg/plant) and and physico-chemical characteristics viz., number of fruits/plant (185.00), fruit length (6.18 cm), fruit breadth (6.60 cm), fruit weight (191.88 g), fruit volume (183.15 cc), juice (51.15 %), specific gravity (0.95), TSS (10.89o brix), acidity (1.39 percent), total Sugar (8.58 percent) and vitamin C (26.38 per 100 g of juice) were recorded highest with the kinnow trees pruned @ 20 per cent intensity on 15th January and appeared to be the best time and method to obtain maximum yield and quality of Kinnow fruit under north western shivalik regions of India.