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AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

Submission Deadline
26 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue- 09 )
Upcoming Publication
30 Sep 2023 (Vol - 54 , Issue 09 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering


Paper ID- AMA-15-07-2023-12428

INTRODUCTION All the nations facing problems of poverty, hunger and malnutrition will need to accelerate their agricultural growth for achieving sustainable development goal (SDGs), especially while aiming at no poverty, zero hunger and safe environment for all (Paroda, 2017). Income is the most relevant measure to assess farmers' economic well being and sectoral transformation. The crises and distresses plaguing the sector endanger the very livelihoods and welfare of the farmers. Indian Government with the intention giving enough policy thrust on income security, proposed to double the farmers' income by 2022, platinum jubilee year of the Indian independence. The present study analysed the current status of farmers' income across holding size and regions and attempted to decipher the scope and pathways for doubling income through potential drivers. The findings from the National Sample Survey Office (NSSO) data indicated that the share of income has increased drastically from 5 per cent to 12 per cent in the case of livestock farming, 45 per cent to 48 per cent in crop production, while that of the wages and non-farm have declined between 2003 and 2013. The challenges faced by the farming community in the coming years have been highlighted for devising relevant pathway and strategies to enhance the income. Yield enhancement followed by cost reduction, fair price realisation and risk adaption has been identified as the potential pathway for doubling income. Farmers' income from crop production, livestock farming, wages and non-farm activities is an outcome of synergy and convergence between technology, extension, institutions and policies to achieve the set target. Indian agriculture needs a relook with a special focus on farm income through productivity/efficiency enhancement coupled with cost reduction, better price realisation and income risk coverage to be on the track of Doubling Farmer’s Income. The strategies for doubling the income focusing on IFS, New technologies, Innovations in Extension, diversification / intensification / pest and disease management in vulnerable regions, and cost reducing technologies. Thus, it can be concluded that integrate investment and leadership in science & technology, extension, institutions and policy interventions to doubling farmer’s income

Role of silicon in rice for productivity, grain quality and stress alleviation

Paper ID- AMA-15-07-2023-12427

Rice yields are either declining or stagnating in post green revolution era mainly due to imbalance in fertilizer use, soil degradation, mono-cropping and lack of suitable rice genotypes for low moisture adaptability, insect-pest and disease resistance (Prakash, 2010). This has led to the depletion of many plant nutrients including silicon. Though being the 2nd most abundant element in the earth crust (28%), many soils contain an inadequate supply or are naturally low in plant available silicon. Highly weathered tropical and subtropical soils typically oxisol and ultisol under intensive rice cropping are generally low in available Si content due to weathering, heavy desilication and crop removal (Haynes, 2017). Silicon is considered as a beneficial element for healthy growth and development of rice crop (Liu et al., 2013) and absorbed in large amounts that are several-fold greater than those of the other macronutrients (Savant et al., 1996). Si strengthens the plant, protects the plant against pests and diseases, increases crop production and quality, stimulates active immune systems of plants, increases plant nutrition, increase plant salt resistance and neutralizes heavy metal toxicity in acid soils. Si fertilizer has a double effect on the soil– plant system. Through strengthens plantprotective properties and reducing metal toxicity (Rao et al., 2017). Jawahar et al, (2015) reported decreased dead heart and white ear percent with different sources of silicon. In addition, silicon can enhance the grain quality of rice by reducing As (Gang et al. (2018) in grain and Pb content in rice plant (Gu et al., 2011). Silicon can prove to be essential component in intensive rice cultivation under high nitrogen by preventing drooping of leaves and lodging of the plant. Rice is a silicon accumulator, so adequate attention should be given to silicon nutrition. Silicon management portfolio includes silicon fertilization and recycling of silicon in rice crop residues. Therefore, Silicon management is essential for sustaining rice productivity in tropical and subtropical soils

Effect of Incorporation of Fenugreek and Coriander Leaves on Nutritional Quality of Broken Basmati Rice Far-Far (Fryums)

Paper ID- AMA-14-07-2023-12424

The greatest challenge to the food sector has been the development of new products incorporating unexploited vegetables with minimal impact on their pre-determined structures and adding nutritional quality. In order to add value and develop better alternatives, this work was aimed to study the stability of far far (fryums) developed with basmati rice brokens, fenugreek and coriander leave powder. The physico-chemical analysis of fryums showed that treatment T1 (100:0:0::broken basmati rice flour:green leaf powder:pearl millet flour) recorded the maximum oil absorption index (g/g) 1.230, whereas, T7 (70:12:18::broken basmati rice flour:green leaf powder:pearl millet flour) observed the maximum water absorption index (g/g) 4.10, crude protein (13.22%), crude fat (2.49%), total ash (1.27%) and crude fibre (4.74%), respectively. On the basis of sensory evaluation, the far far (fryums) developed from treatment T4 (85:6:9::broken basmati rice flour:green leaf powder:pearl millet flour) were adjudged as superior scoring 8.02 for overall acceptability score. Thus, broken basmati rice flour, green leaf powder and pearl millet flour can be blended in the proportion of 85:6:9 for development of nutritious fibre enriched fryums.

Effect of Immunomodulatory Diet on Uterine Involution and Postpartum Reproductive Performance in Dairy Cows at Southern Districts of Tamil Nadu

Paper ID- AMA-13-07-2023-12420

This study was conducted in 36 multiparous Cross Bred Jersey cows at Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts of Tamil Nadu state in India from the day of calving up to day 45 post-partum with the aim to assess the effect of an immunomodulatory diet on postpartum uterine involution, follicular dynamics, and reproductive performance by using trans-rectal ultrasonography (TRUS). Animals were divided into three groups on the basis of feeding viz. Group I (n=12), as control, Group II (n=12), was fed with conventional balanced feed and Group III (n=12), was fed with an immunomodulatory diet with flax seed and the inclusion of organic minerals and supplements. TRUS was performed on day 0, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, and 42 to assess the uterine involution and elimination of bacterial contamination. Further, USG was also performed on day 7, 10,13,16,19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, and 45 to assess follicular dynamics. All animals were subjected to estrus synchronization by using the CIDR protocol and performance parameters were recorded. This study revealed that uterine involution was significantly faster (P<0.01) in Group III than in Group I and II. PMN % was significantly lower (P<0.01) in Group III followed by Group II and I. Further, the emergence of 1st Follicular wave and ovulation was significantly (P<0.01) earlier in Group III than in Group I and II, and the intensity of estrum and conception rate was significantly higher (P<0.01) in Group III as compared to Group I and II. The number of AI per conception was significantly lower (P<0.01) in animals fed with immunomodulatory feed than in the other two groups.

Investigation OF Antioxidant, Anticoagulant, and Thrombolytic Activities OF Santolina chamaecyparissus

Paper ID- AMA-12-07-2023-12417

This study investigated the influence of polyphenol chemicals from Santolina chamaecyparissus and its fractions (SCE) on antioxidant, anticoagulant, and thrombolytic capacities. Polyphenols were extracted using 85% methanol and partitioned with different solvents. The antioxidant activity of SCE was assessed using OH° and ABTS free radical scavenging assays. Anticoagulant and thrombolytic activities were determined in healthy human volunteers. In silico studies employed molecular docking and ADMET tests to examine the interaction of isolated polyphenols with coagulation protein factor Xa. The EAE fraction exhibited the highest total polyphenol content and demonstrated strong scavenging activity against ABTS and OH° radicals. EAE significantly prolonged clotting times, outperforming the standard Plavix, and showed superior clot lysis compared to standard citrate. Molecular docking analysis revealed that Rutin, apigenin-7-o-neohesperidoside, luteolin 7-glucoside, and Lonicerin had high affinity for Factor Xa, surpassing Plavix. Further investigations are needed to evaluate the potential of EAE as an alternative or adjunct therapeutic option.