AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Shenyang Jianzhu Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban)/Journal of Shenyang Jianzhu University (Natural Science) General Medicine (ISSN:1311-1817) Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine Zhongguo yi liao qi xie za zhi = Chinese journal of medical instrumentation Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Kexue Tongbao/Chinese Science Bulletin Dalian Haishi Daxue Xuebao/Journal of Dalian Maritime University
AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:
Cotton is a commodity, which is perhaps the most volatile among all the agricultural commodities traded. Due to high volatility in cotton prices, it is very difficult to predict the future market trend. Fluctuations in market arrivals largely contribute to price instability. Such an analysis is also useful for farmers in order to decide the suitable time to disposing off their produce to their best advantage. In view of this the present study was undertaken by collecting monthly prices of Cotton in major Cotton markets of Gujarat for a period of 18 years (2003 to 2022). The various forms of ARIMA (Box-Jenkins model), Artificial Neural Network (ANN) and Exponential Smoothing models were employed to predict the future prices of cotton in Amerali market of Gujarat. Among all the models tried, the Box-Jenkins ARIMA model was found best fit as compared to the other models. Thus, it was the most representative model for the price forecast of cotton in Amreli market of Gujarat. The developed model can be used as a policy instrument for the producers and sellers. And also, market Intelligence of Agri commodities was considered highly useful knowledge inputs for small and marginal farmers of India and strong need for exclusive Agri market intelligence through media channels was suggested.
Castor (Ricinus communis L.) is a drought-resistant plant with great flexibility to different climatic and soil conditions. Currently, there is a high expectation of rising demand for castor oil on the world market. In terms of crop production, it has to be considered that there are a number of variables for each growing area, particularly when it is preferred to adapt the castor crop to a certain soil tillage system and intercropping system. In this respect, the objective of the present study was to determine the effects of different tillage systems and legume based castor intercropping systems under rainfed conditions. The field experiments were conducted in 2020–21 and 2021–22 at the Tapioca and Castor Research Station, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Yethapur. The experimental treatments consist of conventional tillage and minimum tillage as main plots and a castor based intercropping system at a 1:3 ratio, viz., castor + greengram, castor + cowpea, castor + groundnut, and sole castor as subplot treatments, and are conducted in a split plot design with three replications. The pooled result of the two-year study of different tillage practices in castor based legume intercropping systems in rainfed agriculture found no significant difference among tillage practices relevant to growth, yield attributing characters, seed yield, and biomass yield, although numerically higher values were registered under conventional tillage practices over minimum tillage. The higher seed yields of both base (1152 kg ha-1) and intercrop (481 kg ha-1) were recorded in conventional tillage practices over minimum tillage. With respect to intercropping, a higher base crop (castor) yield of 1058 kg ha-1 was recorded under the castor + groundnut intercropping system, which was observed to be on par with sole castor (1020 kg ha-1) and castor + greengram (907 kg ha-1). The highest Castor equivalent yield recorded in castor + groundnut (1:3) intercropping, grown under a conventional tillage system. Moreover, the maximum benefit-cost ratio was recorded in castor + groundnut (1:3) intercropping, over sole castor cropping.
Twenty and thirty days old seedlings of wheat varieties were transplanted under organic conditions during the Rabi seasons of 2017-20 at the Organic Farming Research Centre, SKUAST-Jammu to assess the response of wheat varieties as a transplanted wheat crop on growth and productivity in irrigated sub-tropics of Jammu. The experiment comprises of transplanted and conventional method of wheat sowing of 5 different varieties of wheat viz JAUW 584, RSP 561, WH 1105, RAJ 3765 and JAUW 598 of 2 different age old seedlings sown at i,e. 20 & 30 days under organic condition. During the three year experiment it was reported that transplanted wheat recorded transplanted wheat produced 21% more grain yield than that from direct seeding. Further, among the different wheat varieties, ‘JAUW 584’ recorded the highest grain yield, straw yield and harvest index in transplanted method as compared with other wheat varieties. The maximum number of effective tillers/m2 (492) was observed in JAUW 584 at 20 days old seedlings; highest ear lengths (11.87 cm), maximum number of grains/ear (34.80) were observed in JAUW 584 at 20 days old seedlings. Based on the above results, it may be concluded that almost all of the yield and yield contributing characters of transplanted wheat performed best under the interaction between age of seedlings 20 days old seedlings and the variety JAUW 584. And it also indicated that wheat transplanting may be a viable alternative to direct seeding under late seeding conditions.
Pizza cheese (processed) with incorporation of vegetable based vital ingredients has lot of health benefits. From the economic analysis of this product, it was found that initial capital investment in starting the business was 40 lakhs. The proportion of fixed and variable cost was 4.38 per cent and 95.62 per cent, respectively. Final cost of production of optimized pizza cheese (processed) was worked out to be 450.48 per kg. Through selling of pizza cheese (processed) and whey, estimated returns were 48720. Considering the prevailing market price of pizza cheese (processed) to be 480 per kg, a profit of 36.72 per kg could be obtained which is a good profit margin for the commercial viability and sustainability of the product. Benefit cost ratio was observed to be 1.08 which is quite higher than one indicating good viability of the investment. The breakeven output was calculated as 34.95 kg of product with a margin of safety of 65.05 per cent which is quite high indicating that the business is secure and less risky. Consumer acceptability studies showed that among them, 55 per cent suggested to add variety of vegetables and seasoning in pizza, 25 per cent suggested to add more cheese and 20 per cent suggested to reduce the odor in cheese to increase the acceptability of the developed product. From the research findings, it was concluded that this product has potential marketability to start the business for income generation of the dairy entrepreneurs.
Current study undertaken to find out the antifeedant activity of essential oils extracted from two local plants namely Jasmine Jasminum grandiflorum (Fam. Oleaceae) and Basil Ocimum basilicum Var, (Fam. Lamiaceae) against two of major stored insects (Tribolium castaneum, and Rhyzopertha dominica) also to evaluate the effect on wheat grains germination. Results showed that all tested essential oils had antifeedant effect on both tested insects for parents and F1. R. dominica was more sensitive than T. castaneum. Jasmine absolute had the strongest effect against T. castaneum with the highest concentration where the loss of weight was 0.00% for parents and 4.2% for F1 while basil oil had the strongest effect on F1 with 4.07% weight loss at the same concentration. For R. dominica All tested essential oils had a great effect on F1 where there were no loss of weight with all tested oils and all concentrations. Compared to control data showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on rootlet germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on rootlet germination percentage with 30%, while for germination speed basil absolute had the slowest germination speed with 0.34 day. Results also showed that all tested essential oils had negative effect on feather germination. After 5 days of treatment basil absolute had the most negative effect on germination percentage with 15%, while for germination speed basil absolute also had the slowest germination with 0.38 day.