WOS Indexed (2024)
clarivate analytics

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (AMA) (issn: 00845841) is a peer reviewed journal first published online after indexing scopus in 1982. AMA is published by Farm Machinery Industrial Research Corp and Shin-Norinsha Co. AMA publishes every subjects of general engineering and agricultural engineering. Lizi Jiaohuan Yu Xifu/Ion Exchange and Adsorption Fa yi xue za zhi Dianzi Yu Xinxi Xuebao/Journal of Electronics and Information Technology Research Journal of Chemistry and Environment Consultant (ISSN:0010-7069) Jiaotong Yunshu Xitong Gongcheng Yu Xinxi/ Journal Of Transportation Systems Engineering And Information Technology

Submission Deadline
18 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue- 07 )
Upcoming Publication
31 Jul 2024 (Vol - 55 , Issue 07 )

Aim and Scope :

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America

AMA, Agricultural Mechanization in Asia, Africa and Latin America (ISSN: 00845841) is a peer-reviewed journal. The journal covers Agricultural and Biological Sciences and all sort of engineering topic. the journal's scopes are in the following fields but not limited to:

Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Electrical Engineering and Telecommunication
Electronic Engineering
Computer Science & Engineering
Civil and architectural engineering
Mechanical and Materials Engineering
Transportation Engineering
Industrial Engineering
Industrial and Commercial Design
Information Engineering
Chemical Engineering
Food Engineering

Interaction and Analysis of Direct and Indirect Contributions of Shoot Fly Resistance Traits on Sorghum Fodder Yield

Paper ID- AMA-28-06-2024-13135

This research investigated the interrelationship between sorghum yield, traits related to shoot fly resistance, and their combined influence on green fodder yield. Two hundred and ten Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs) were evaluated during the kharif season of 2018 at the Instructional Dairy Farm of the Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India. Correlation among 18 measurable traits was computed along with the direct and indirect effects of seventeen independent traits on green fodder yield. Green fodder yield exhibited highly significant positive correlation with dry fodder yield followed by stem diameter. Path coefficient analysis revealed that dry fodder yield, stem diameter, days to emergence, plant height, leaf length, leaf width, 1000 grain weight have direct positive effect on green fodder yield. Selection based on these traits, either individually or in combination, could effectively identify high-yielding lines for green fodder production, contributing to enhanced shoot fly resistance in sorghum breeding programs.

Unveiling Gene Action and Combining Ability for yield and Morphophysiological traits in Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Water-Deficit Stress

Paper ID- AMA-27-06-2024-13133

Utilizing a half -diallel mating design, eight parental genotypes were crossed to generate F1 crosses, under water deficit (rainfed) conditions. Analysis of variance of combining ability revealed the significant (p<0.01) influence of both general combining ability (GCA) and specific combining ability (SCA) on the 17 traits under study. C306 was identified as the superior general combiner for traits such as plant height, peduncle length, thousand grain weight, biological yield per plant, and grain yield per plant. UP2572 exhibited the best general combining ability for canopy temperature depression, flag leaf area, and awn length. The cross C306×WH1142 was identified as the best combination for days to heading, biological yield per plant, and grain yield per plant, while for grain filling duration and normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), the cross PBW660×WH1080 was identified as the best. Non-additive gene action predominated across all the traits examined. The dominance ratio revealed that the dominance gene action governed fourteen traits except for days to heading, days to maturity, and the NDVI those demonstrating overdominance. The identified parental lines and cross-combinations represent useful genetic resources that can withstand water deficits, and their progenies in later generations demonstrating superior trait performances over those of their parents can be employed in breeding for water deficit stress tolerance. Furthermore, the genetic insights obtained can be used to develop breeding strategies for improving drought tolerance traits, which will lead to the development of resilient wheat cultivars for water-deficit environments.

Assessment of health status in crossbred cows upon systemic administration of micronutrients

Paper ID- AMA-23-06-2024-13125

Vitamin and mineral injections can increase cellular nutrition availability, which is essential for lowering transition period stress and improving dairy cow health and productivity. The purpose of this study was to assess the colostrum quality and the health of the calf after intramuscular injection of multi-mineral and multi-vitamins to peripartum cows throughout the months of winter. For every season, twenty-four pregnant crossbred Karan Fries cows were grouped into four groups, each with six cows. In the control group i.e. Group 1 was given only a basal diet and no extra treatments. Multivitamin injections were given to group 2, multimineral injections to group 3, and a combination of multivitamin and multimineral injections to group 4. Blood samples were taken one, three, seven, fifteen, and twenty days prior to parturition, as well as the same number of days following it. The group receiving multimineral injections had lower cortisol levels than the group receiving multivitamin injections, while the group receiving simply basel diet had the highest cortisol levels (P<0.05). IGF1 levels were lowest in the group given only basal diet, followed by multivitamin and multimineral injections, and highest in the group that received a combination of multivitamin and multimineral injections.

Effect of injectable nutrient administration on IgG levels of crossbred cattle

Paper ID- AMA-20-06-2024-13119

The effect of antioxidants on IgG levels in cattle blood can be significant, as IgG is a crucial component of the immune system responsible for providing passive immunity to the animal. Here's how antioxidants may impact IgG levels in cattle: Enhanced Immune Function: Antioxidants such as vitamin E, vitamin C, selenium, and zinc play a vital role in supporting immune function by protecting immune cells from oxidative damage. When antioxidant levels are optimal, the immune system can function more efficiently, including the production and maintenance of IgG levels. The purpose of the study was to determine how antioxidant injections affected the IgG levels in the plasma of crossbred cattle. There were four groups (T1, T2, T3, and T4), each with six crossbred animals. As the control group, group T1 was given only the minimum amount of food. Multimineral injections were given to the T2 group, multivitamin injections to the T3 group, and a combination of multivitamin and multimineral injections to the T4 group. They received injections on the 7, 15, 21, and 30 days prior to delivery. The T4 group exhibited the greatest rise in plasma IgG levels (p<0.05). The T2 group likewise demonstrated a significant rise (p<0.05). Although it wasn't very noticeable, there was an increase in T3-specific IgG levels.

Resistance variants to phosphine from North Indian and northeastern locations in the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (Fab.) (Coleoptera: Bostrychidae)

Paper ID- AMA-20-06-2024-13117

Phosphine, a highly sought-after fumigant, is utilized to combat insect pests infesting bulk-stored food grains. However, sustainability concerns arise as many stored grain pests are developing resistance to this compound worldwide. This study aimed to assess the extent of phosphine resistance in 6 north Indian populations of the lesser grain borer, Rhyzopertha dominica, collected from storage units where phosphine is regularly employed for pest control. In south India, this species has been reported to exhibit strong phosphine resistance. Resistance to phosphine typically arises due to genetic variations at the rph2 locus, which influence the activity of the DLD gene. Protein model was generated and employed to forecast the structure of DLD (Dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase) proteins discovered in R. dominica. The structure from the selected populations revealed the presence of a characterized phosphine variant ‘P49S’ in most of the phosphine resistant populations. The characterized key mutation P49S occupy the FAD binding site in the DLD protein. Besides, amino acid mutations- A55T, E69K, E106, V114G, D119Y, and N158H also occupy the FAD biding site and V225G occupies the NADH binding sites. These findings would help further researchers to expedite the phosphine resistance management strategies.