The National Watershed Development Projects for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA), with a broad objective of resource management for improving agricultural productivity and production to biomass on a sustainable basis and restoring ecological plans in rainfed areas, was launched in 1990–1991 in two Union Territories and 25 States of India. However, it has been put into practice in the India state of Odisha since 2001 with the primary goal of enhancing the quality of life of underprivileged groups, notably tribal women, by fostering chances that will help them raise their standard of living. The current study, which was conducted in the Badasahi and Saraskana blocks of Mayurbhanj as well as the Champua and Jhumpura blocks of Keonjhar district in the Indian state of Odisha, has been designed to analyze socioeconomic characteristics, the degree of involvement, changes in knowledge, skill, attitude, and developments from the farm women for the effective implementation of watershed programmes. The sample size for the study was 192 farm women from 24 watersheds. In order to analyze the data and determine the outcome, statistical tools like percentage, mean score, standard deviation, co-efficient of variation, correlation coefficient, test of significance, critical ratio test, multiple regression, stepwise regression, and path analysis were used. According to the study, the majority of respondents had a relatively middle socioeconomic background. In contrast to harvesting and post-harvest management, which had better associations and significantly influenced development, variable education, extension contact, social participation, possession of agricultural implements, change in knowledge of field crops, and income-generating activities. It had a negative attitude toward institutional arrangement, funding pattern, community organization, planning, programme implementation, and formulation.