Journal ID : AMA-05-08-2021-10517
[This article belongs to Volume - 51, Issue - 03]
Total View : 453

Title : Sustainable management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer- a review

Abstract :

Brinjal, Solanum melongena Linnaeus belongs to family solanaceae also known Eggplant or Baingan and it is the most important widely grown vegetable both for raw and cooked purpose and attack by the major and serious pest known asbrinjal shoot and fruit borer [Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)] which is responsible for causing up to 37-100% damage as well as quality and quantity loss in brinjal. In order to manage this problem, farmers still depends on the pesticides, but excessive use of pesticides has resulted residues in the food chain, phytotoxicity, pesticide resistance, pest resurgence, bioaccumulation and secondary pest outbreak, in addition to causing harmful effect on the environment and non-targeted beneficial organisms. Here, we reviewed the sustainable approaches to reduce the incidence of brinjal shoot andfruit borer toachieve sustainability in brinjalproduction technology through the implementation of integrated approaches. We found that following major points have been reported to reduce the survival and damage of shoot and fruit borer: (1) use of resistant varieties (2) implementing a number of cultural practices, such as sowing time,plant density, inter/mixed/relay crops (coriander, clustrebean fennel, chilly, redhuni, radish, mint, onion, clover, fenugreek, maizeand African marigold), avoid ratooning of crop, collection and destruction of dried shoot tips and damaged fruits, mechanical practices as barriers and installing bird perches(3) monitoringthrough the pheromone traps(4) spraying repellent made up of neem seed kernel (NSK). Hence, integration of all these approaches in a unified manner has exposed more good results for sustainable management of shoot and fruit borer. This review highlights examples of successful management approaches from the past studies that were implemented in experimental trials and farmers’ fields. We concluded that an integrated approach is the most effective for long-term sustainable and eco-friendly management programs for shoot and fruit borer.

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