A field experiment was conducted during the spring–rainy (kharif) season of 2019 on a pearlmillet–mungbean cropping system at the Department of Agronomy, Anand Agricultural University's college agronomy farm Gujarat, India. The objectives of this study were to investigate the direct effect of organic sources, inorganic fertilizers and liquid biofertilizer to applied pearlmillet on soil physical, chemical and biological properties after harvest of pearlmillet crop in a pearlmillet–mungbean cropping system. The experiment with ten treatments was laid out in a completely randomized block design with four replications. The direct effects of different nutrient management practices applied to pearlmillet were significant (P<0.05) on the water holding capacity of the soil, electrical conductivity, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity, available NPK & sulphur. The direct effect of nutrient management practices on soil pH and bulk density found non-significant. The soil microbiological properties were significantly improved, including the population of total bacterial, Azotobacter, phosphate solubilizing bacteria (PSB), microbial biomass carbon and dehydrogenase activity of soil after harvest pearlmillet crop. Application of 100 % RDF + 15 t FYM ha-1 + Bio NP consortia (T5) significantly improved the soil available nutrients and cation exchange capacity.