Journal ID : AMA-23-09-2021-10736
[This article belongs to Volume - 52, Issue - 01]
Total View : 362

Title : Pulse harvesting methods: A critical overview

Abstract :

Pulse is an important field crop of India. It is grown throughout the year because of favorable agro-climatic conditions. Pulses contain high-quality protein, which complements cereal proteins for the primarily vegetarian population of the country. India is the international leader in the production and consumption of pulses; however, there is a demand-supply gap. To reduce this gap and to meet the pulse demand of the country, the major emphasis is given to increase domestic production as well as reducing field losses, and efficient post-harvest management. A major loss in the field occurs before or during the harvesting operations. Therefore, the selection of the right method of harvesting plays a very important role in pulse cultivation. In developing countries, pulse crops are being harvested mostly manually using hand-cutting tools like knife, sickle, scythe, cutters while harvesting is usually done by combine harvesters and self-propelled pulse harvesters in the developed countries. Harvesting operation is labor-intensive, time-consuming, expensive, and involves drudgery when carried out manually. The cost of manual pulse harvesting operation alone accounted for 50–55% of the total cost of cultivation. Though the mechanization level of harvesting and threshing is 25% for grams, it is negligible for other pulse crops in India. To overcome the drudgery associated with manual harvesting, increasing cost of farm labor, and unavailability of farm labor during the harvesting period, suitable mechanical harvesting is the only option left for viable pulse cultivation. This article reviews different methods for pulse harvesting with emphasis on mechanization scenario in pulse harvesting.

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