Backyard poultry is an age-old practice in India, particularly in rural areas, where households raise small groups of local chickens for family food and game. Though India's poultry industry has proliferated in the previous five decades, it has primarily been limited to the commercial poultry sector, which is concentrated in and around urban and semi-urban areas. This study is to determine the profitability of backyard poultry production of Triple Cross and indigenous fowl in the Middle Gujarat region. A well-structured questionnaire collected data from 15 Triple cross fowl farmers and 15 indigenous fowl farmers in Kapadwanj Taluka of Kheda District in Middle Gujarat. The data was analyzed using profitability analysis and the Garret Ranking technique. According to the survey, income from hen sales accounts for 9.50 percent for Triple Cross fowl and 12.01 percent for indigenous fowl. Triple Cross fowl net income was 8617.12, while indigenous fowl net income was 6308.33. Compared to BC ratios of indigenous chicken, the BC ratio of Triple Cross chicken was more significant (2.58). (2.20). Tiny chicks up to the age of eight weeks are killed by predators such as dogs and cats, according to the study. The beneficiaries' second major constraint was a lack of knowledge about the scientific rearing of chicken.